History log of /linux-master/arch/parisc/include/asm/processor.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# 1afde47d 27-Mar-2022 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Find a new timesync master if current CPU is removed

When CPU hotplugging is enabled, the user may want to remove the
current CPU which is providing the timer ticks. If this happens
we need to find a new timesync master.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# df24e178 08-Dec-2021 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Add vDSO support

Add minimal vDSO support, which provides the signal trampoline helpers,
but none of the userspace syscall helpers like time wrappers.

The big benefit of this vDSO implementation is, that we now don't need
an executeable stack any longer. PA-RISC is one of the last
architectures where an executeable stack was needed in oder to implement
the signal trampolines by putting assembly instructions on the stack
which then gets executed. Instead the kernel will provide the relevant
code in the vDSO page and only put the pointers to the signal
information on the stack.

By dropping the need for executable stacks we avoid running into issues
with applications which want non executable stacks for security reasons.
Additionally, alternative stacks on memory areas without exec
permissions are supported too.

This code is based on an initial implementation by Randolph Chung from 2006:
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-parisc/4544A34A.6080700@tausq.org/

I did the porting and lifted the code to current code base. Dave fixed
the unwind code so that gdb and glibc are able to backtrace through the
code. An additional patch to gdb will be pushed upstream by Dave.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Dave Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Cc: Randolph Chung <randolph@tausq.org>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 30f30899 17-Jan-2022 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Fix missing prototype for 'toc_intr' warning in toc.c

Fix a missing prototype warning noticed by the kernel test robot.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 0760a915 17-Oct-2021 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Drop ifdef __KERNEL__ from non-uapi kernel headers

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 2214c0e7 15-Oct-2021 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Move thread_info into task struct

This implements the CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK option.

With this change:
- before thread_info was part of the stack and located at the beginning of the stack
- now the thread_info struct is moved and located inside the task_struct structure
- the stack is allocated and handled like the major other platforms
- drop the cpu field of thread_info and use instead the one in task_struct

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Sven Schnelle <svens@stackframe.org>


# bc294838 14-Oct-2021 Sven Schnelle <svens@stackframe.org>

parisc: add support for TOC (transfer of control)

Almost all PA-RISC machines have either a button that
is labeled with 'TOC' or a BMC function to trigger a TOC.
TOC is a non-maskable interrupt that is sent to the processor.
This can be used for diagnostic purposes like obtaining a
stack trace/register dump or to enter KDB/KGDB.

As an example, on my c8000, TOC can be used with:

CONFIG_KGDB=y
CONFIG_KGDB_KDB=y

and the 'kgdboc=ttyS0,115200' appended to the command line.

Press ^[( on serial console, which will enter the BMC command line,
and enter 'TOC s':

root@(none):/# (
cli>TOC s
Sending TOC/INIT.
<Cpu3> 2800035d03e00000 0000000040c21ac8 CC_ERR_CHECK_TOC
<Cpu0> 2800035d00e00000 0000000040c21ad0 CC_ERR_CHECK_TOC
<Cpu2> 2800035d02e00000 0000000040c21ac8 CC_ERR_CHECK_TOC
<Cpu1> 2800035d01e00000 0000000040c21ad0 CC_ERR_CHECK_TOC
<Cpu3> 37000f7303e00000 2000000000000000 CC_ERR_CPU_CHECK_SUMMARY
<Cpu0> 37000f7300e00000 2000000000000000 CC_ERR_CPU_CHECK_SUMMARY
<Cpu2> 37000f7302e00000 2000000000000000 CC_ERR_CPU_CHECK_SUMMARY
<Cpu1> 37000f7301e00000 2000000000000000 CC_ERR_CPU_CHECK_SUMMARY
<Cpu3> 4300100803e00000 c0000000001d26cc CC_MC_BR_TO_OS_TOC
<Cpu0> 4300100800e00000 c0000000001d26cc CC_MC_BR_TO_OS_TOC
<Cpu2> 4300100802e00000 c0000000001d26cc CC_MC_BR_TO_OS_TOC
<Cpu1> 4300100801e00000 c0000000001d26cc CC_MC_BR_TO_OS_TOC

Entering kdb (current=0x00000000411cef80, pid 0) on processor 0 due to NonMaskable Interrupt @ 0x40c21ad0
[0]kdb>

Signed-off-by: Sven Schnelle <svens@stackframe.org>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# b7d8c16a 04-Oct-2021 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Allocate task struct with stack frame alignment

We will put the stack directly behind the task struct, so
make sure that we allocate it with an alignment of 64 bytes.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 42a20f86 29-Sep-2021 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

sched: Add wrapper for get_wchan() to keep task blocked

Having a stable wchan means the process must be blocked and for it to
stay that way while performing stack unwinding.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Acked-by: Russell King (Oracle) <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk> [arm]
Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> [arm64]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211008111626.332092234@infradead.org


# 67102872 08-Sep-2021 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Implement __get/put_kernel_nofault()

Remove CONFIG_SET_FS from parisc, so we need to add
__get_kernel_nofault() and __put_kernel_nofault(), define
HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT and remove set_fs(), get_fs(), load_sr2(),
thread_info->addr_limit, KERNEL_DS and USER_DS.

The nice side-effect of this patch is that we now can directly access
userspace via sr3 without the need to use a temporary sr2 which is
either copied from sr3 or set to zero (for kernel space).

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Suggested-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@kernel.org>


# 4033e76a 30-Mar-2021 Wan Jiabing <wanjiabing@vivo.com>

parisc: Remove duplicate struct task_struct declaration

struct task_struct is declared twice. One has been declared
at 154th line. Remove the duplicate.

Signed-off-by: Wan Jiabing <wanjiabing@vivo.com>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 22ee3ea5 06-Nov-2020 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Make user stack size configurable

On parisc we need to initialize the memory layout for the user stack at
process start time to a fixed size, which up until now was limited to
the size as given by CONFIG_MAX_STACK_SIZE_MB at compile time.

This hard limit was too small and showed problems when compiling
ruby2.7, qmlcachegen and some Qt packages.

This patch changes two things:
a) It increases the default maximum stack size to 100MB.
b) Users can modify the stack hard limit size with ulimit and then newly
forked processes will use the given stack size which can even be bigger
than the default 100MB.

Reported-by: John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 93346da8 23-Oct-2020 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Drop loops_per_jiffy from per_cpu struct

There is no need to keep a loops_per_jiffy value per cpu. Drop it.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# de0d22e5 30-Oct-2018 Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>

treewide: remove current_text_addr

Prefer _THIS_IP_ defined in linux/kernel.h.

Most definitions of current_text_addr were the same as _THIS_IP_, but
a few archs had inline assembly instead.

This patch removes the final call site of current_text_addr, making all
of the definitions dead code.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix arch/csky/include/asm/processor.h]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180911182413.180715-1-ndesaulniers@google.com
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 5b00ca0b 16-Aug-2018 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Restore possibility to execute 64-bit applications

Executing 64-bit applications was broken. This patch restores this
support and cleans up some code paths.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 5ffa8518 12-Jan-2018 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Use cr16 interval timers unconditionally on qemu

When running on qemu we know that the (emulated) cr16 cpu-internal
clocks are syncronized. So let's use them unconditionally on qemu.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.14+


# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
lines).

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


# 6474924e 28-Jun-2017 Tobias Klauser <tklauser@distanz.ch>

arch: remove unused macro/function thread_saved_pc()

The only user of thread_saved_pc() in non-arch-specific code was removed
in commit 8243d5597793 ("sched/core: Remove pointless printout in
sched_show_task()"). Remove the implementations as well.

Some architectures use thread_saved_pc() in their arch-specific code.
Leave their thread_saved_pc() intact.

Signed-off-by: Tobias Klauser <tklauser@distanz.ch>
Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# c8c37359 08-Jan-2017 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Enhance detection of synchronous cr16 clocksources

The cr16 clocks of the physical PARISC CPUs are usually nonsynchronous.
Nevertheless, it seems that each CPU socket (which holds two cores) of
PA8800 and PA8900 CPUs (e.g. in a C8000 workstation) is fed by the same
clock source, which makes the cr16 clocks of each CPU socket syncronous.
Let's try to detect such situations and mark the cr16 clocksource stable
on single-socket and single-core machines.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 160494d3 20-Dec-2016 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Optimize timer interrupt function

Restructure the timer interrupt function to better cope with missed timer irqs.
Optimize the calculation when the next interrupt should happen and skip irqs if
they would happen too shortly after exit of the irq function.

The update_process_times() call is done anyway at every timer irq, so we can
safely drop the prof_counter and prof_multiplier variables from the per_cpu
structure.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 6d0d2878 16-Nov-2016 Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>

locking/core: Provide common cpu_relax_yield() definition

No need to duplicate the same define everywhere. Since
the only user is stop-machine and the only provider is
s390, we can use a default implementation of cpu_relax_yield()
in sched.h.

Suggested-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Noam Camus <noamc@ezchip.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-s390 <linux-s390@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1479298985-191589-1-git-send-email-borntraeger@de.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 5bd0b85b 25-Oct-2016 Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>

locking/core, arch: Remove cpu_relax_lowlatency()

As there are no users left, we can remove cpu_relax_lowlatency()
implementations from every architecture.

Signed-off-by: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Noam Camus <noamc@ezchip.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1477386195-32736-6-git-send-email-borntraeger@de.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 79ab11cd 25-Oct-2016 Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>

locking/core: Introduce cpu_relax_yield()

For spinning loops people do often use barrier() or cpu_relax().
For most architectures cpu_relax and barrier are the same, but on
some architectures cpu_relax can add some latency.
For example on power,sparc64 and arc, cpu_relax can shift the CPU
towards other hardware threads in an SMT environment.
On s390 cpu_relax does even more, it uses an hypercall to the
hypervisor to give up the timeslice.
In contrast to the SMT yielding this can result in larger latencies.
In some places this latency is unwanted, so another variant
"cpu_relax_lowlatency" was introduced. Before this is used in more
and more places, lets revert the logic and provide a cpu_relax_yield
that can be called in places where yielding is more important than
latency. By default this is the same as cpu_relax on all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Noam Camus <noamc@ezchip.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1477386195-32736-2-git-send-email-borntraeger@de.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# fc632575 12-Dec-2015 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Reduce overhead of parisc_requires_coherency()

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 1e208ae7 20-Nov-2015 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Drop definition of start_thread_som for HP-UX SOM binaries

The definition of start_thread_som was planned to be used to execute
HP-UX SOM binaries. Since HP-UX compatibility was dropped with kernel 4.0
there is no need to carry it further.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# c78c2b7e 16-Feb-2015 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: hpux - Remove hpux gateway page

Drop code to create HP-UX gateway page and syscall entry code.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 3a6bfbc9 29-Jun-2014 Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>

arch, locking: Ciao arch_mutex_cpu_relax()

The arch_mutex_cpu_relax() function, introduced by 34b133f, is
hacky and ugly. It was added a few years ago to address the fact
that common cpu_relax() calls include yielding on s390, and thus
impact the optimistic spinning functionality of mutexes. Nowadays
we use this function well beyond mutexes: rwsem, qrwlock, mcs and
lockref. Since the macro that defines the call is in the mutex header,
any users must include mutex.h and the naming is misleading as well.

This patch (i) renames the call to cpu_relax_lowlatency ("relax, but
only if you can do it with very low latency") and (ii) defines it in
each arch's asm/processor.h local header, just like for regular cpu_relax
functions. On all archs, except s390, cpu_relax_lowlatency is simply cpu_relax,
and thus we can take it out of mutex.h. While this can seem redundant,
I believe it is a good choice as it allows us to move out arch specific
logic from generic locking primitives and enables future(?) archs to
transparently define it, similarly to System Z.

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
Cc: Aurelien Jacquiot <a-jacquiot@ti.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Bharat Bhushan <r65777@freescale.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Chen Liqin <liqin.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dominik Dingel <dingel@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@mprc.pku.edu.cn>
Cc: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@gmail.com>
Cc: Hans-Christian Egtvedt <egtvedt@samfundet.no>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: James E.J. Bottomley <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se>
Cc: Joseph Myers <joseph@codesourcery.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Koichi Yasutake <yasutake.koichi@jp.panasonic.com>
Cc: Lennox Wu <lennox.wu@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@imgtec.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@imgtec.com>
Cc: Qiaowei Ren <qiaowei.ren@intel.com>
Cc: Rafael Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Steven Miao <realmz6@gmail.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
Cc: Stratos Karafotis <stratosk@semaphore.gr>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Vasily Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <Vineet.Gupta1@synopsys.com>
Cc: Waiman Long <Waiman.Long@hp.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>
Cc: adi-buildroot-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
Cc: linux390@de.ibm.com
Cc: linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-am33-list@redhat.com
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-c6x-dev@linux-c6x.org
Cc: linux-cris-kernel@axis.com
Cc: linux-hexagon@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux@lists.openrisc.net
Cc: linux-m32r-ja@ml.linux-m32r.org
Cc: linux-m32r@ml.linux-m32r.org
Cc: linux-m68k@lists.linux-m68k.org
Cc: linux-metag@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mips@linux-mips.org
Cc: linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-xtensa@linux-xtensa.org
Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1404079773.2619.4.camel@buesod1.americas.hpqcorp.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 042d27ac 30-Apr-2014 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc,metag: Do not hardcode maximum userspace stack size

This patch affects only architectures where the stack grows upwards
(currently parisc and metag only). On those do not hardcode the maximum
initial stack size to 1GB for 32-bit processes, but make it configurable
via a config option.

The main problem with the hardcoded stack size is, that we have two
memory regions which grow upwards: stack and heap. To keep most of the
memory available for heap in a flexmap memory layout, it makes no sense
to hard allocate up to 1GB of the memory for stack which can't be used
as heap then.

This patch makes the stack size for 32-bit processes configurable and
uses 80MB as default value which has been in use during the last few
years on parisc and which hasn't showed any problems yet.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-metag@vger.kernel.org
Cc: John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>


# d71f290b 13-May-2014 James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>

metag: Reduce maximum stack size to 256MB

Specify the maximum stack size for arches where the stack grows upward
(parisc and metag) in asm/processor.h rather than hard coding in
fs/exec.c so that metag can specify a smaller value of 256MB rather than
1GB.

This fixes a BUG on metag if the RLIMIT_STACK hard limit is increased
beyond a safe value by root. E.g. when starting a process after running
"ulimit -H -s unlimited" it will then attempt to use a stack size of the
maximum 1GB which is far too big for metag's limited user virtual
address space (stack_top is usually 0x3ffff000):

BUG: failure at fs/exec.c:589/shift_arg_pages()!

Signed-off-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-metag@vger.kernel.org
Cc: John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # only needed for >= v3.9 (arch/metag)


# 9dabf60d 31-Jan-2014 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: add flexible mmap memory layout support

Add support for the flexible mmap memory layout (as described in
http://lwn.net/Articles/91829). This is especially very interesting on
parisc since we currently only support 32bit userspace (even with a
64bit Linux kernel).

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# d96b51ec 24-May-2013 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: fix irq stack on UP and SMP

The logic to detect if the irq stack was already in use with
raw_spin_trylock() is wrong, because it will generate a "trylock failure
on UP" error message with CONFIG_SMP=n and CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=y.

arch_spin_trylock() can't be used either since in the CONFIG_SMP=n case
no atomic protection is given and we are reentrant here. A mutex didn't
worked either and brings more overhead by turning off interrupts.

So, let's use the fastest path for parisc which is the ldcw instruction.

Counting how often the irq stack was used is pretty useless, so just
drop this piece of code.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 416821d3 10-May-2013 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: implement irq stacks - part 2 (v2)

This patch fixes few build issues which were introduced with the last
irq stack patch, e.g. the combination of stack overflow check and irq
stack.

Furthermore we now do proper locking and change the irq bh handler
to use the irq stack as well.

In /proc/interrupts one now can monitor how huge the irq stack has grown
and how often it was preferred over the kernel stack.

IRQ stacks are now enabled by default just to make sure that we not
overflow the kernel stack by accident.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# cd85d551 06-May-2013 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: more irq statistics in /proc/interrupts

Add framework and initial values for more fine grained statistics in
/proc/interrupts.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 200c8804 07-May-2013 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: implement irq stacks

Default kernel stack size on parisc is 16k. During tests we found that the
kernel stack can easily grow beyond 13k, which leaves 3k left for irq
processing.

This patch adds the possibility to activate an additional stack of 16k per CPU
which is being used during irq processing. This implementation does not yet
uses this irq stack for the irq bh handler.

The assembler code for call_on_stack was heavily cleaned up by John
David Anglin.

CC: John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>


# 910cdc55 20-Oct-2012 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

kill stray kernel_thread() garbage

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>


# 55ccf3fe 16-May-2012 Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>

fork: move the real prepare_to_copy() users to arch_dup_task_struct()

Historical prepare_to_copy() is mostly a no-op, duplicated for majority of
the architectures and the rest following the x86 model of flushing the extended
register state like fpu there.

Remove it and use the arch_dup_task_struct() instead.

Suggested-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1336692811-30576-1-git-send-email-suresh.b.siddha@intel.com
Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: Koichi Yasutake <yasutake.koichi@jp.panasonic.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@gmail.com>
Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Cc: Aurelien Jacquiot <a-jacquiot@ti.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se>
Cc: James E.J. Bottomley <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@sunplusct.com>
Cc: Lennox Wu <lennox.wu@gmail.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@mprc.pku.edu.cn>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>


# 527dcdcc 28-Mar-2012 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Disintegrate asm/system.h for PA-RISC

Disintegrate asm/system.h for PA-RISC.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org


# 15ee2d00 12-Jan-2012 Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com>

parisc, exec: remove redundant set_fs(USER_DS)

The address limit is already set in flush_old_exec() so those calls to
set_fs(USER_DS) are redundant.

Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com>
Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# abf1e11a 23-Jun-2009 Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca>

parisc: add task_pt_regs macro

needed for perf_counters.

Signed-off-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca>


# ef017beb 30-Dec-2008 Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

parisc: Replace NR_CPUS in parisc code

parisc: Replace most arrays sized by NR_CPUS with percpu variables.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca>


# deae26bf 28-Jul-2008 Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca>

parisc: move include/asm-parisc to arch/parisc/include/asm