History log of /linux-master/kernel/locking/spinlock.c
Revision Date Author Comments
# 4a57d6bb 21-Jan-2022 Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>

locking/rwlocks: introduce write_lock_nested

In preparation for converting bit_spin_lock to rwlock in zsmalloc so
that multiple writers of zspages can run at the same time but those
zspages are supposed to be different zspage instance. Thus, it's not
deadlock. This patch adds write_lock_nested to support the case for

[minchan@kernel.org: fix write_lock_nested for RT]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/YZfrMTAXV56HFWJY@google.com
[bigeasy@linutronix.de: fixup write_lock_nested() implementation]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211123170134.y6xb7pmpgdn4m3bn@linutronix.de

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211115185909.3949505-8-minchan@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <umgwanakikbuti@gmail.com>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <senozhatsky@chromium.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Naresh Kamboju <naresh.kamboju@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# f98a3dcc 22-Oct-2021 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

locking: Remove spin_lock_flags() etc

parisc, ia64 and powerpc32 are the only remaining architectures that
provide custom arch_{spin,read,write}_lock_flags() functions, which are
meant to re-enable interrupts while waiting for a spinlock.

However, none of these can actually run into this codepath, because
it is only called on architectures without CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK,
or when CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is set without CONFIG_LOCKDEP, and none
of those combinations are possible on the three architectures.

Going back in the git history, it appears that arch/mn10300 may have
been able to run into this code path, but there is a good chance that
it never worked. On the architectures that still exist, it was
already impossible to hit back in 2008 after the introduction of
CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK, and possibly earlier.

As this is all dead code, just remove it and the helper functions built
around it. For arch/ia64, the inline asm could be cleaned up, but
it seems safer to leave it untouched.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> # parisc
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211022120058.1031690-1-arnd@kernel.org

# 8282947f 15-Aug-2021 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking/rwlock: Provide RT variant

Similar to rw_semaphores, on RT the rwlock substitution is not writer fair,
because it's not feasible to have a writer inherit its priority to
multiple readers. Readers blocked on a writer follow the normal rules of
priority inheritance. Like RT spinlocks, RT rwlocks are state preserving
across the slow lock operations (contended case).

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210815211303.882793524@linutronix.de

# e2db7592 21-Mar-2021 Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

locking: Fix typos in comments

Fix ~16 single-word typos in locking code comments.

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# d1be6a28 21-Feb-2019 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

asm-generic/mmiowb: Add generic implementation of mmiowb() tracking

In preparation for removing all explicit mmiowb() calls from driver
code, implement a tracking system in asm-generic based loosely on the
PowerPC implementation. This allows architectures with a non-empty
mmiowb() definition to have the barrier automatically inserted in
spin_unlock() following a critical section containing an I/O write.

Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

# d89c7035 28-Nov-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/core: Remove break_lock field when CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK=y

When CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBEAK=y, locking structures grow an extra int ->break_lock
field which is used to implement raw_spin_is_contended() by setting the field
to 1 when waiting on a lock and clearing it to zero when holding a lock.
However, there are a few problems with this approach:

- There is a write-write race between a CPU successfully taking the lock
(and subsequently writing break_lock = 0) and a waiter waiting on
the lock (and subsequently writing break_lock = 1). This could result
in a contended lock being reported as uncontended and vice-versa.

- On machines with store buffers, nothing guarantees that the writes
to break_lock are visible to other CPUs at any particular time.

- READ_ONCE/WRITE_ONCE are not used, so the field is potentially
susceptible to harmful compiler optimisations,

Consequently, the usefulness of this field is unclear and we'd be better off
removing it and allowing architectures to implement raw_spin_is_contended() by
providing a definition of arch_spin_is_contended(), as they can when

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1511894539-7988-3-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# f87f3a32 28-Nov-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/core: Fix deadlock during boot on systems with GENERIC_LOCKBREAK


a8a217c22116 ("locking/core: Remove {read,spin,write}_can_lock()")

removed the definition of raw_spin_can_lock(), causing the GENERIC_LOCKBREAK
spin_lock() routines to poll the ->break_lock field when waiting on a lock.

This has been reported to cause a deadlock during boot on s390, because
the ->break_lock field is also set by the waiters, and can potentially
remain set indefinitely if no other CPUs come in to take the lock after
it has been released.

This patch removes the explicit spinning on ->break_lock from the waiters,
instead relying on the outer trylock() operation to determine when the
lock is available.

Reported-by: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Fixes: a8a217c22116 ("locking/core: Remove {read,spin,write}_can_lock()")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1511894539-7988-2-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# f791dd25 03-Nov-2017 Cheng Jian <cj.chengjian@huawei.com>

locking/rwlocks: Fix comments

- fix the list of locking API headers in kernel/locking/spinlock.c
- fix an #endif comment

Signed-off-by: Cheng Jian <cj.chengjian@huawei.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: huawei.libin@huawei.com
Cc: xiexiuqi@huawei.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1509706788-152547-1-git-send-email-cj.chengjian@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# a8a217c2 03-Oct-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/core: Remove {read,spin,write}_can_lock()

Outside of the locking code itself, {read,spin,write}_can_lock() have no
users in tree. Apparmor (the last remaining user of write_can_lock()) got
moved over to lockdep by the previous patch.

This patch removes the use of {read,spin,write}_can_lock() from the
BUILD_LOCK_OPS macro, deferring to the trylock operation for testing the
lock status, and subsequently removes the unused macros altogether. They
aren't guaranteed to work in a concurrent environment and can give
incorrect results in the case of qrwlock.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1507055129-12300-2-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# 607904c3 09-Jan-2017 Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>

locking/spinlocks: Remove the unused spin_lock_bh_nested() API

The spin_lock_bh_nested() API is defined but is not used anywhere
in the kernel. So all spin_lock_bh_nested() and related APIs are
now removed.

Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1483975612-16447-1-git-send-email-longman@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# 113948d8 02-Jan-2015 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>

spinlock: Add spin_lock_bh_nested()

Signed-off-by: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 60fc2874 31-Oct-2013 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking: Move the spinlock code to kernel/locking/

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-b81ol0z3mon45m51o131yc9j@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>