History log of /linux-master/include/linux/spinlock.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# f948666d 29-Nov-2021 Marco Elver <elver@google.com>

locking/barriers, kcsan: Add instrumentation for barriers

Adds the required KCSAN instrumentation for barriers if CONFIG_SMP.
KCSAN supports modeling the effects of:

smp_mb()
smp_rmb()
smp_wmb()
smp_store_release()

Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>


# f5d80614 08-Nov-2021 Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>

kernel.h: drop unneeded <linux/kernel.h> inclusion from other headers

Patch series "kernel.h further split", v5.

kernel.h is a set of something which is not related to each other and
often used in non-crossed compilation units, especially when drivers
need only one or two macro definitions from it.

This patch (of 7):

There is no evidence we need kernel.h inclusion in certain headers.
Drop unneeded <linux/kernel.h> inclusion from other headers.

[sfr@canb.auug.org.au: bottom_half.h needs kernel]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211015202908.1c417ae2@canb.auug.org.au

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211013170417.87909-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20211013170417.87909-2-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Cc: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Cc: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: Miguel Ojeda <miguel.ojeda.sandonis@gmail.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Thorsten Leemhuis <regressions@leemhuis.info>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# f98a3dcc 22-Oct-2021 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

locking: Remove spin_lock_flags() etc

parisc, ia64 and powerpc32 are the only remaining architectures that
provide custom arch_{spin,read,write}_lock_flags() functions, which are
meant to re-enable interrupts while waiting for a spinlock.

However, none of these can actually run into this codepath, because
it is only called on architectures without CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK,
or when CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is set without CONFIG_LOCKDEP, and none
of those combinations are possible on the three architectures.

Going back in the git history, it appears that arch/mn10300 may have
been able to run into this code path, but there is a good chance that
it never worked. On the architectures that still exist, it was
already impossible to hit back in 2008 after the introduction of
CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK, and possibly earlier.

As this is all dead code, just remove it and the helper functions built
around it. For arch/ia64, the inline asm could be cleaned up, but
it seems safer to leave it untouched.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> # parisc
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211022120058.1031690-1-arnd@kernel.org


# 342a9324 15-Aug-2021 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking/spinlock: Provide RT variant header: <linux/spinlock_rt.h>

Provide the necessary wrappers around the actual rtmutex based spinlock
implementation.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210815211303.712897671@linutronix.de


# 4f084ca7 15-Aug-2021 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking/spinlock: Split the lock types header, and move the raw types into <linux/spinlock_types_raw.h>

Move raw_spinlock into its own file. Prepare for RT 'sleeping spinlocks', to
avoid header recursion, as RT locks require rtmutex.h, which in turn requires
the raw spinlock types.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210815211303.371269088@linutronix.de


# 33def849 21-Oct-2020 Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>

treewide: Convert macro and uses of __section(foo) to __section("foo")

Use a more generic form for __section that requires quotes to avoid
complications with clang and gcc differences.

Remove the quote operator # from compiler_attributes.h __section macro.

Convert all unquoted __section(foo) uses to quoted __section("foo").
Also convert __attribute__((section("foo"))) uses to __section("foo")
even if the __attribute__ has multiple list entry forms.

Conversion done using the script at:

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/75393e5ddc272dc7403de74d645e6c6e0f4e70eb.camel@perches.com/2-convert_section.pl

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@gooogle.com>
Reviewed-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# c935cd62 17-Jun-2020 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

lockdep: Split header file into lockdep and lockdep_types

There is a header file inclusion loop between asm-generic/bug.h
and linux/kernel.h. This causes potential compile failurs depending
on the which file is included first. One way of breaking this loop
is to stop spinlock_types.h from including lockdep.h. This patch
splits lockdep.h into two files for this purpose.

Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/E1jlSJz-0003hE-8g@fornost.hmeau.com


# de8f5e4f 20-Mar-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Introduce wait-type checks

Extend lockdep to validate lock wait-type context.

The current wait-types are:

LD_WAIT_FREE, /* wait free, rcu etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SPIN, /* spin loops, raw_spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_LOCK, spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SLEEP, /* sleeping locks, mutex_t etc.. */

Where lockdep validates that the current lock (the one being acquired)
fits in the current wait-context (as generated by the held stack).

This ensures that there is no attempt to acquire mutexes while holding
spinlocks, to acquire spinlocks while holding raw_spinlocks and so on. In
other words, its a more fancy might_sleep().

Obviously RCU made the entire ordeal more complex than a simple single
value test because RCU can be acquired in (pretty much) any context and
while it presents a context to nested locks it is not the same as it
got acquired in.

Therefore its necessary to split the wait_type into two values, one
representing the acquire (outer) and one representing the nested context
(inner). For most 'normal' locks these two are the same.

[ To make static initialization easier we have the rule that:
.outer == INV means .outer == .inner; because INV == 0. ]

It further means that its required to find the minimal .inner of the held
stack to compare against the outer of the new lock; because while 'normal'
RCU presents a CONFIG type to nested locks, if it is taken while already
holding a SPIN type it obviously doesn't relax the rules.

Below is an example output generated by the trivial test code:

raw_spin_lock(&foo);
spin_lock(&bar);
spin_unlock(&bar);
raw_spin_unlock(&foo);

[ BUG: Invalid wait context ]
-----------------------------
swapper/0/1 is trying to lock:
ffffc90000013f20 (&bar){....}-{3:3}, at: kernel_init+0xdb/0x187
other info that might help us debug this:
1 lock held by swapper/0/1:
#0: ffffc90000013ee0 (&foo){+.+.}-{2:2}, at: kernel_init+0xd1/0x187

The way to read it is to look at the new -{n,m} part in the lock
description; -{3:3} for the attempted lock, and try and match that up to
the held locks, which in this case is the one: -{2,2}.

This tells that the acquiring lock requires a more relaxed environment than
presented by the lock stack.

Currently only the normal locks and RCU are converted, the rest of the
lockdep users defaults to .inner = INV which is ignored. More conversions
can be done when desired.

The check for spinlock_t nesting is not enabled by default. It's a separate
config option for now as there are known problems which are currently
addressed. The config option allows to identify these problems and to
verify that the solutions found are indeed solving them.

The config switch will be removed and the checks will permanently enabled
once the vast majority of issues has been addressed.

[ bigeasy: Move LD_WAIT_FREE,… out of CONFIG_LOCKDEP to avoid compile
failure with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK + !CONFIG_LOCKDEP]
[ tglx: Add the config option ]

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200321113242.427089655@linutronix.de


# 27972765 26-Jul-2019 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking/spinlocks: Use CONFIG_PREEMPTION

CONFIG_PREEMPTION is selected by CONFIG_PREEMPT and by
CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT. Both PREEMPT and PREEMPT_RT require the same
functionality which today depends on CONFIG_PREEMPT.

Adjust the comments in the locking code.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190726212124.302995288@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 60ca1e5a 21-Feb-2019 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

mmiowb: Hook up mmiowb helpers to spinlocks and generic I/O accessors

Removing explicit calls to mmiowb() from driver code means that we must
now call into the generic mmiowb_spin_{lock,unlock}() functions from the
core spinlock code. In order to elide barriers following critical
sections without any I/O writes, we also hook into the asm-generic I/O
routines.

Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>


# ff93bca7 14-Aug-2018 Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>

ila: make lockdep happy again

Previously, alloc_ila_locks() and bucket_table_alloc() call
spin_lock_init() separately, therefore they have two different
lock names and lock class keys. However, after commit b893281715ab
("ila: Call library function alloc_bucket_locks") they both call
helper alloc_bucket_spinlocks() which now only has one lock
name and lock class key. This causes a few bogus lockdep warnings
as reported by syzbot.

Fix this by making alloc_bucket_locks() a macro and pass declaration
name as lock name and a static lock class key inside the macro.

Fixes: b893281715ab ("ila: Call library function alloc_bucket_locks")
Reported-by: <syzbot+b66a5a554991a8ed027c@syzkaller.appspotmail.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <tom@quantonium.net>
Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 3d85b270 16-Jul-2018 Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com>

locking/spinlock, sched/core: Clarify requirements for smp_mb__after_spinlock()

There are 11 interpretations of the requirements described in the header
comment for smp_mb__after_spinlock(): one for each LKMM maintainer, and
one currently encoded in the Cat file. Stick to the latter (until a more
satisfactory solution is available).

This also reworks some snippets related to the barrier to illustrate the
requirements and to link them to the idioms which are relied upon at its
call sites.

Suggested-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: akiyks@gmail.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com
Cc: j.alglave@ucl.ac.uk
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Cc: luc.maranget@inria.fr
Cc: npiggin@gmail.com
Cc: parri.andrea@gmail.com
Cc: stern@rowland.harvard.edu
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180716180605.16115-11-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# ccfbb5be 12-Jun-2018 Anna-Maria Gleixner <anna-maria@linutronix.de>

atomic: Add irqsave variant of atomic_dec_and_lock()

There are in-tree users of atomic_dec_and_lock() which must acquire the
spin lock with interrupts disabled. To workaround the lack of an irqsave
variant of atomic_dec_and_lock() they use local_irq_save() at the call
site. This causes extra code and creates in some places unneeded long
interrupt disabled times. These places need also extra treatment for
PREEMPT_RT due to the disconnect of the irq disabling and the lock
function.

Implement the missing irqsave variant of the function.

Signed-off-by: Anna-Maria Gleixner <anna-maria@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r20180612161621.22645-3-bigeasy@linutronix.de


# b7e4aade 14-May-2018 Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com>

locking/spinlocks: Document the semantics of spin_is_locked()

There appeared to be a certain, recurrent uncertainty concerning the
semantics of spin_is_locked(), likely a consequence of the fact that
this semantics remains undocumented or that it has been historically
linked to the (likewise unclear) semantics of spin_unlock_wait().

A recent auditing [1] of the callers of the primitive confirmed that
none of them are relying on particular ordering guarantees; document
this semantics by adding a docbook header to spin_is_locked(). Also,
describe behaviors specific to certain CONFIG_SMP=n builds.

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=151981440005264&w=2
https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=152042843808540&w=2
https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=152043346110262&w=2

Co-Developed-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com>
Co-Developed-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Co-Developed-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com>
Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Akira Yokosawa <akiyks@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Cc: Jade Alglave <j.alglave@ucl.ac.uk>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Luc Maranget <luc.maranget@inria.fr>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Cc: parri.andrea@gmail.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526338889-7003-1-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# d89c7035 28-Nov-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/core: Remove break_lock field when CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK=y

When CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBEAK=y, locking structures grow an extra int ->break_lock
field which is used to implement raw_spin_is_contended() by setting the field
to 1 when waiting on a lock and clearing it to zero when holding a lock.
However, there are a few problems with this approach:

- There is a write-write race between a CPU successfully taking the lock
(and subsequently writing break_lock = 0) and a waiter waiting on
the lock (and subsequently writing break_lock = 1). This could result
in a contended lock being reported as uncontended and vice-versa.

- On machines with store buffers, nothing guarantees that the writes
to break_lock are visible to other CPUs at any particular time.

- READ_ONCE/WRITE_ONCE are not used, so the field is potentially
susceptible to harmful compiler optimisations,

Consequently, the usefulness of this field is unclear and we'd be better off
removing it and allowing architectures to implement raw_spin_is_contended() by
providing a definition of arch_spin_is_contended(), as they can when
CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK=n.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1511894539-7988-3-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 92f36cca 04-Dec-2017 Tom Herbert <tom@quantonium.net>

spinlock: Add library function to allocate spinlock buckets array

Add two new library functions: alloc_bucket_spinlocks and
free_bucket_spinlocks. These are used to allocate and free an array
of spinlocks that are useful as locks for hash buckets. The interface
specifies the maximum number of spinlocks in the array as well
as a CPU multiplier to derive the number of spinlocks to allocate.
The number allocated is rounded up to a power of two to make the
array amenable to hash lookup.

Signed-off-by: Tom Herbert <tom@quantonium.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
lines).

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


# a4c1887d 03-Oct-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/arch: Remove dummy arch_{read,spin,write}_lock_flags() implementations

The arch_{read,spin,write}_lock_flags() macros are simply mapped to the
non-flags versions by the majority of architectures, so do this in core
code and remove the dummy implementations. Also remove the implementation
in spinlock_up.h, since all callers of do_raw_spin_lock_flags() call
local_irq_save(flags) anyway.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1507055129-12300-4-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# a8a217c2 03-Oct-2017 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

locking/core: Remove {read,spin,write}_can_lock()

Outside of the locking code itself, {read,spin,write}_can_lock() have no
users in tree. Apparmor (the last remaining user of write_can_lock()) got
moved over to lockdep by the previous patch.

This patch removes the use of {read,spin,write}_can_lock() from the
BUILD_LOCK_OPS macro, deferring to the trylock operation for testing the
lock status, and subsequently removes the unused macros altogether. They
aren't guaranteed to work in a concurrent environment and can give
incorrect results in the case of qrwlock.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1507055129-12300-2-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# d3a024ab 29-Jun-2017 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

locking: Remove spin_unlock_wait() generic definitions

There is no agreed-upon definition of spin_unlock_wait()'s semantics,
and it appears that all callers could do just as well with a lock/unlock
pair. This commit therefore removes spin_unlock_wait() and related
definitions from core code.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# a9668cd6 07-Jun-2017 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking: Remove smp_mb__before_spinlock()

Now that there are no users of smp_mb__before_spinlock() left, remove
it entirely.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# d89e588c 05-Sep-2016 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking: Introduce smp_mb__after_spinlock()

Since its inception, our understanding of ACQUIRE, esp. as applied to
spinlocks, has changed somewhat. Also, I wonder if, with a simple
change, we cannot make it provide more.

The problem with the comment is that the STORE done by spin_lock isn't
itself ordered by the ACQUIRE, and therefore a later LOAD can pass over
it and cross with any prior STORE, rendering the default WMB
insufficient (pointed out by Alan).

Now, this is only really a problem on PowerPC and ARM64, both of
which already defined smp_mb__before_spinlock() as a smp_mb().

At the same time, we can get a much stronger construct if we place
that same barrier _inside_ the spin_lock(). In that case we upgrade
the RCpc spinlock to an RCsc. That would make all schedule() calls
fully transitive against one another.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 931ab4a5 25-Jul-2017 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

atomics: Revert addition of comment header to spin_unlock_wait()

There is still considerable confusion as to the semantics of
spin_unlock_wait(), but there seems to be universal agreement that
it is not that of a lock/unlock pair. This commit therefore removes
the comment added by 6016ffc3874d ("atomics: Add header comment so
spin_unlock_wait()") in order to prevent at least that flavor of
confusion.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>


# 6016ffc3 19-Apr-2017 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

atomics: Add header comment so spin_unlock_wait()

There is material describing the ordering guarantees provided by
spin_unlock_wait(), but it is not necessarily easy to find. This commit
therefore adds a docbook header comment to this function informally
describing its semantics.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>


# 607904c3 09-Jan-2017 Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>

locking/spinlocks: Remove the unused spin_lock_bh_nested() API

The spin_lock_bh_nested() API is defined but is not used anywhere
in the kernel. So all spin_lock_bh_nested() and related APIs are
now removed.

Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1483975612-16447-1-git-send-email-longman@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 12d560f4 14-Jul-2015 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

rcu,locking: Privatize smp_mb__after_unlock_lock()

RCU is the only thing that uses smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), and is
likely the only thing that ever will use it, so this commit makes this
macro private to RCU.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: "linux-arch@vger.kernel.org" <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>


# 3490565b 13-Jul-2015 Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>

locking/spinlocks: Force inlining of spinlock ops

With both gcc 4.7.2 and 4.9.2, sometimes GCC mysteriously
doesn't inline very small functions we expect to be inlined.
See:

https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=66122

In particular, with this config:

http://busybox.net/~vda/kernel_config

there are more than a thousand copies of tiny spinlock-related
functions:

$ nm --size-sort vmlinux | grep -iF ' t ' | uniq -c | grep -v '^ *1 ' | sort -rn | grep ' spin'
473 000000000000000b t spin_unlock_irqrestore
292 000000000000000b t spin_unlock
215 000000000000000b t spin_lock
134 000000000000000b t spin_unlock_irq
130 000000000000000b t spin_unlock_bh
120 000000000000000b t spin_lock_irq
106 000000000000000b t spin_lock_bh

Disassembly:

ffffffff81004720 <spin_lock>:
ffffffff81004720: 55 push %rbp
ffffffff81004721: 48 89 e5 mov %rsp,%rbp
ffffffff81004724: e8 f8 4e e2 02 callq <_raw_spin_lock>
ffffffff81004729: 5d pop %rbp
ffffffff8100472a: c3 retq

This patch fixes this via s/inline/__always_inline/ in
spinlock.h. This decreases vmlinux by about 40k:

text data bss dec hex filename
82375570 22255544 20627456 125258570 7774b4a vmlinux.before
82335059 22255416 20627456 125217931 776ac8b vmlinux

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1436812263-15243-1-git-send-email-dvlasenk@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# d956028e 31-Mar-2015 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

documentation: memory-barriers: Fix smp_mb__before_spinlock() semantics

Our current documentation claims that, when followed by an ACQUIRE,
smp_mb__before_spinlock() orders prior loads against subsequent loads
and stores, which isn't the intent. This commit therefore fixes the
documentation to state that this sequence orders only prior stores
against subsequent loads and stores.

In addition, the original intent of smp_mb__before_spinlock() was to only
order prior loads against subsequent stores, however, people have started
using it as if it ordered prior loads against subsequent loads and stores.
This commit therefore also updates smp_mb__before_spinlock()'s header
comment to reflect this new reality.

Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>


# 113948d8 02-Jan-2015 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>

spinlock: Add spin_lock_bh_nested()

Signed-off-by: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 4999201a 07-Aug-2014 Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org>

locking/spinlocks: Always evaluate the second argument of spin_lock_nested()

Evaluating a macro argument only if certain configuration options
have been selected is confusing and error-prone. Hence always
evaluate the second argument of spin_lock_nested().

An intentional side effect of this patch is that it avoids that
the following warning is reported for netif_addr_lock_nested()
when building with CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n and with W=1:

include/linux/netdevice.h: In function 'netif_addr_lock_nested':
include/linux/netdevice.h:2865:6: warning: variable 'subclass' set but not used [-Wunused-but-set-variable]
int subclass = SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING;
^

Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/53E4A7F8.1040700@acm.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 01352fb8 11-Dec-2013 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

locking: Add an smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() for UNLOCK+BLOCK barrier

The Linux kernel has traditionally required that an UNLOCK+LOCK
pair act as a full memory barrier when either (1) that
UNLOCK+LOCK pair was executed by the same CPU or task, or (2)
the same lock variable was used for the UNLOCK and LOCK. It now
seems likely that very few places in the kernel rely on this
full-memory-barrier semantic, and with the advent of queued
locks, providing this semantic either requires complex
reasoning, or for some architectures, added overhead.

This commit therefore adds a smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), which
may be placed after a LOCK primitive to restore the
full-memory-barrier semantic. All definitions are currently
no-ops, but will be upgraded for some architectures when queued
locks arrive.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1386799151-2219-5-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# e0acd0a6 12-Aug-2013 Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>

sched: fix the theoretical signal_wake_up() vs schedule() race

This is only theoretical, but after try_to_wake_up(p) was changed
to check p->state under p->pi_lock the code like

__set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule();

can miss a signal. This is the special case of wait-for-condition,
it relies on try_to_wake_up/schedule interaction and thus it does
not need mb() between __set_current_state() and if(signal_pending).

However, this __set_current_state() can move into the critical
section protected by rq->lock, now that try_to_wake_up() takes
another lock we need to ensure that it can't be reordered with
"if (signal_pending(current))" check inside that section.

The patch is actually one-liner, it simply adds smp_wmb() before
spin_lock_irq(rq->lock). This is what try_to_wake_up() already
does by the same reason.

We turn this wmb() into the new helper, smp_mb__before_spinlock(),
for better documentation and to allow the architectures to change
the default implementation.

While at it, kill smp_mb__after_lock(), it has no callers.

Perhaps we can also add smp_mb__before/after_spinunlock() for
prepare_to_wait().

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 9ffc93f2 28-Mar-2012 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Remove all #inclusions of asm/system.h

Remove all #inclusions of asm/system.h preparatory to splitting and killing
it. Performed with the following command:

perl -p -i -e 's!^#\s*include\s*<asm/system[.]h>.*\n!!' `grep -Irl '^#\s*include\s*<asm/system[.]h>' *`

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>


# 96f951ed 28-Mar-2012 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Add #includes needed to permit the removal of asm/system.h

asm/system.h is a cause of circular dependency problems because it contains
commonly used primitive stuff like barrier definitions and uncommonly used
stuff like switch_to() that might require MMU definitions.

asm/system.h has been disintegrated by this point on all arches into the
following common segments:

(1) asm/barrier.h

Moved memory barrier definitions here.

(2) asm/cmpxchg.h

Moved xchg() and cmpxchg() here. #included in asm/atomic.h.

(3) asm/bug.h

Moved die() and similar here.

(4) asm/exec.h

Moved arch_align_stack() here.

(5) asm/elf.h

Moved AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH here.

(6) asm/switch_to.h

Moved switch_to() here.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>


# 4ebc1b4b 20-Jan-2012 Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>

spinlock: macroize assert_spin_locked to avoid bug.h dependency

In spinlock_api_smp.h we find a define for assert_raw_spin_locked
[which uses BUG_ON]. Then assert_spin_locked (as an inline) uses
it, meaning we need bug.h But rather than put linux/bug.h in such
a highly used file like spinlock.h, we can just make the un-raw
version also a macro. Then the required bug.h presence is limited
just to those few files who are actually doing the assert testing.

Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# 60063497 26-Jul-2011 Arun Sharma <asharma@fb.com>

atomic: use <linux/atomic.h>

This allows us to move duplicated code in <asm/atomic.h>
(atomic_inc_not_zero() for now) to <linux/atomic.h>

Signed-off-by: Arun Sharma <asharma@fb.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 25985edc 30-Mar-2011 Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>

Fix common misspellings

Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed.

Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>


# df9ee292 07-Oct-2010 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Fix IRQ flag handling naming

Fix the IRQ flag handling naming. In linux/irqflags.h under one configuration,
it maps:

local_irq_enable() -> raw_local_irq_enable()
local_irq_disable() -> raw_local_irq_disable()
local_irq_save() -> raw_local_irq_save()
...

and under the other configuration, it maps:

raw_local_irq_enable() -> local_irq_enable()
raw_local_irq_disable() -> local_irq_disable()
raw_local_irq_save() -> local_irq_save()
...

This is quite confusing. There should be one set of names expected of the
arch, and this should be wrapped to give another set of names that are expected
by users of this facility.

Change this to have the arch provide:

flags = arch_local_save_flags()
flags = arch_local_irq_save()
arch_local_irq_restore(flags)
arch_local_irq_disable()
arch_local_irq_enable()
arch_irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
arch_irqs_disabled()
arch_safe_halt()

Then linux/irqflags.h wraps these to provide:

raw_local_save_flags(flags)
raw_local_irq_save(flags)
raw_local_irq_restore(flags)
raw_local_irq_disable()
raw_local_irq_enable()
raw_irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
raw_irqs_disabled()
raw_safe_halt()

with type checking on the flags 'arguments', and then wraps those to provide:

local_save_flags(flags)
local_irq_save(flags)
local_irq_restore(flags)
local_irq_disable()
local_irq_enable()
irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
irqs_disabled()
safe_halt()

with tracing included if enabled.

The arch functions can now all be inline functions rather than some of them
having to be macros.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> [X86, FRV, MN10300]
Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> [Tile]
Signed-off-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> [Microblaze]
Tested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [ARM]
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <haavard.skinnemoen@atmel.com> [AVR]
Acked-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> [IA-64]
Acked-by: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> [M32R]
Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> [M68K/M68KNOMMU]
Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> [MIPS]
Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> [PA-RISC]
Acked-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> [PowerPC]
Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> [S390]
Acked-by: Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@sunplusct.com> [Score]
Acked-by: Matt Fleming <matt@console-pimps.org> [SH]
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> [Sparc]
Acked-by: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> [Xtensa]
Reviewed-by: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> [Alpha]
Reviewed-by: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> [H8300]
Cc: starvik@axis.com [CRIS]
Cc: jesper.nilsson@axis.com [CRIS]
Cc: linux-cris-kernel@axis.com


# b97c4bc1 11-Mar-2010 Luca Barbieri <luca@luca-barbieri.com>

locking: Make sparse work with inline spinlocks and rwlocks

Currently sparse does not work with inline spinlock and rwlock functions.
The problem is that they do not use the __acquires/__releases out-of-line
functions, but use inline functions with no sparse annotations.

This patch adds the appropriate annotations to make it work properly.

Signed-off-by: Luca Barbieri <luca@luca-barbieri.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# 75ddb0e8 19-Feb-2010 Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>

Rename .text.lock to .text..lock.

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>


# 9c1721aa 03-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Cleanup the name space completely

Make the name space hierarchy of locking functions consistent:
raw_spin* -> _raw_spin* -> __raw_spin*

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# 9828ea9d 03-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Further name space cleanups

The name space hierarchy for the internal lock functions is now a bit
backwards. raw_spin* functions map to _spin* which use __spin*, while
we would like to have _raw_spin* and __raw_spin*.

_raw_spin* is already used by lock debugging, so rename those funtions
to do_raw_spin* to free up the _raw_spin* name space.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# c2f21ce2 02-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Implement new raw_spinlock

Now that the raw_spin name space is freed up, we can implement
raw_spinlock and the related functions which are used to annotate the
locks which are not converted to sleeping spinlocks in preempt-rt.

A side effect is that only such locks can be used with the low level
lock fsunctions which circumvent lockdep.

For !rt spin_* functions are mapped to the raw_spin* implementations.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# fb3a6bbc 03-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Convert raw_rwlock to arch_rwlock

Not strictly necessary for -rt as -rt does not have non sleeping
rwlocks, but it's odd to not have a consistent naming convention.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org


# 0199c4e6 02-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Convert __raw_spin* functions to arch_spin*

Name space cleanup. No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org


# 445c8951 02-Dec-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Convert raw_spinlock to arch_spinlock

The raw_spin* namespace was taken by lockdep for the architecture
specific implementations. raw_spin_* would be the ideal name space for
the spinlocks which are not converted to sleeping locks in preempt-rt.

Linus suggested to convert the raw_ to arch_ locks and cleanup the
name space instead of using an artifical name like core_spin,
atomic_spin or whatever

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org


# ef12f109 07-Nov-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Split rwlock from spinlock headers

Move the rwlock defines and inlines into separate header files. This
makes the selection for -rt easier.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# a49ed0bf 16-Nov-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Use __[SPIN|RW]_LOCK_UNLOCKED in [spin|rw]_lock_init()

SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED and RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED are deprecated. Replace them
with the __*_LOCK_UNLOCKED variants.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# c9286b7e 16-Nov-2009 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

locking: Remove unused prototype

commit 910067d1(remove generic__raw_read_trylock()) removed the
implementation but left the prototype around. Remove it.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# bb7bed08 31-Aug-2009 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

locking: Simplify spinlock inlining

For !DEBUG_SPINLOCK && !PREEMPT && SMP the spin_unlock()
functions were always inlined by using special defines which
would call the __raw* functions.

The out-of-line variants for these functions would be generated
anyway.

Use the new per unlock/locking variant mechanism to force
inlining of the unlock functions like before. This is not a
functional change, we just get rid of one additional way to
force inlining.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Horst Hartmann <horsth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Christian Ehrhardt <ehrhardt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
LKML-Reference: <20090831124418.848735034@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# 69d0ee73 31-Aug-2009 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

locking: Move spinlock function bodies to header file

Move spinlock function bodies to header file by creating a
static inline version of each variant. Use the inline version
on the out-of-line code.

This shouldn't make any difference besides that the spinlock
code can now be used to generate inlined spinlock code.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Horst Hartmann <horsth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Christian Ehrhardt <ehrhardt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
LKML-Reference: <20090831124417.859022429@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# ad462769 07-Jul-2009 Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>

memory barrier: adding smp_mb__after_lock

Adding smp_mb__after_lock define to be used as a smp_mb call after
a lock.

Making it nop for x86, since {read|write|spin}_lock() on x86 are
full memory barriers.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# f5f7eac4 02-Apr-2009 Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>

Allow rwlocks to re-enable interrupts

Pass the original flags to rwlock arch-code, so that it can re-enable
interrupts if implemented for that architecture.

Initially, make __raw_read_lock_flags and __raw_write_lock_flags stubs
which just do the same thing as non-flags variants.

Signed-off-by: Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# a5ef7ca0 08-Feb-2009 Kyle McMartin <kyle@redhat.com>

x86: spinlocks: define dummy __raw_spin_is_contended

Architectures other than mips and x86 are not using ticket spinlocks.
Therefore, the contention on the lock is meaningless, since there is
nobody known to be waiting on it (arguably /fairly/ unfair locks).

Dummy it out to return 0 on other architectures.

Signed-off-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# b7d39aff 11-Aug-2008 Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>

lockdep: spin_lock_nest_lock()

Expose the new lock protection lock.

This can be used to annotate places where we take multiple locks of the
same class and avoid deadlocks by always taking another (top-level) lock
first.

NOTE: we're still bound to the MAX_LOCK_DEPTH (48) limit.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# 3f307891 25-Jul-2008 Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>

locking: add typecheck on irqsave and friends for correct flags

There haave been several areas in the kernel where an int has been used for
flags in local_irq_save() and friends instead of a long. This can cause some
hard to debug problems on some architectures.

This patch adds a typecheck inside the irqsave and restore functions to flag
these cases.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix]
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 3f3eafc9 04-Apr-2008 Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>

locking: remove unused double_spin_lock()

double_spin_lock() has no callers, and it can't be used without additional
lockdep annotations, remove it.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# dc07e721 07-Apr-2008 J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu>

Spell out behavior of atomic_dec_and_lock() in kerneldoc

A little more detail here wouldn't hurt.

Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu>
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>


# ec701584 08-Feb-2008 Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>

Remove fastcall from linux/include

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 95c354fe 30-Jan-2008 Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

spinlock: lockbreak cleanup

The break_lock data structure and code for spinlocks is quite nasty.
Not only does it double the size of a spinlock but it changes locking to
a potentially less optimal trylock.

Put all of that under CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK, and introduce a
__raw_spin_is_contended that uses the lock data itself to determine whether
there are waiters on the lock, to be used if CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK is
not set.

Rename need_lockbreak to spin_needbreak, make it use spin_is_contended to
decouple it from the spinlock implementation, and make it typesafe (rwlocks
do not have any need_lockbreak sites -- why do they even get bloated up
with that break_lock then?).

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# e1f4a88c 16-Jul-2007 Satyam Sharma <ssatyam@cse.iitk.ac.in>

introduce write_trylock_irqsave()

Introduce a write_trylock_irqsave() implementation. Similar in style to
the implementation of spin_trylock_irqsave() in mainline.

Signed-off-by: Satyam Sharma <ssatyam@cse.iitk.ac.in>
Cc: Sripathi Kodi <sripathik@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# e81ce1f7 05-Mar-2007 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

[PATCH] timer/hrtimer: take per cpu locks in sane order

Doing something like this on a two cpu system

# echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/online
# echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/online
# echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online

will give me this:

=======================================================
[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
2.6.21-rc2-g562aa1d4-dirty #7
-------------------------------------------------------
bash/1282 is trying to acquire lock:
(&cpu_base->lock_key){.+..}, at: [<000000000005f17e>] hrtimer_cpu_notify+0xc6/0x240

but task is already holding lock:
(&cpu_base->lock_key#2){.+..}, at: [<000000000005f174>] hrtimer_cpu_notify+0xbc/0x240

which lock already depends on the new lock.

This happens because we have the following code in kernel/hrtimer.c:

migrate_hrtimers(int cpu)
[...]
old_base = &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, cpu);
new_base = &get_cpu_var(hrtimer_bases);
[...]
spin_lock(&new_base->lock);
spin_lock(&old_base->lock);

Which means the spinlocks are taken in an order which depends on which cpu
gets shut down from which other cpu. Therefore lockdep complains that there
might be an ABBA deadlock. Since migrate_hrtimers() gets only called on
cpu hotplug it's safe to assume that it isn't executed concurrently on a

The same problem exists in kernel/timer.c: migrate_timers().

As pointed out by Christian Borntraeger one possible solution to avoid
the locking order complaints would be to make sure that the locks are
always taken in the same order. E.g. by taking the lock of the cpu with
the lower number first.

To achieve this we introduce two new spinlock functions double_spin_lock
and double_spin_unlock which lock or unlock two locks in a given order.

Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <cborntra@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# c75fb88d 10-Feb-2007 Pavel Roskin <proski@gnu.org>

[PATCH] Fix sparse annotation of spin unlock macros in one case

SMP systems without premption and spinlock debugging enabled use unlock
macros that don't tell sparse that the lock is being released. Add sparse
annotations in this case.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Roskin <proski@gnu.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 676dcb8b 06-Dec-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] add bottom_half.h

With CONFIG_SMP=n:

drivers/input/ff-memless.c:384: warning: implicit declaration of function 'local_bh_disable'
drivers/input/ff-memless.c:393: warning: implicit declaration of function 'local_bh_enable'

Really linux/spinlock.h should include linux/interrupt.h. But interrupt.h
includes sched.h which will need spinlock.h.

So the patch breaks the _bh declarations out into a separate header and
includes it in both interrupt.h and spinlock.h.

Cc: "Randy.Dunlap" <rdunlap@xenotime.net>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# b8e6ec86 26-Nov-2006 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.osdl.org>

Revert "[PATCH] Enforce "unsigned long flags;" when spinlocking"

This reverts commit ee3ce191e8eaa4cc15c51a28b34143b36404c4f5, since it
broke on at least ARM, MIPS and PA-RISC due to complicated header file
dependencies.

Conflicts in include/linux/spinlock.h (due to the "nested" variety
fixes) fixed up by hand.

Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Russell King <rmk+lkml@arm.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# cfd3ef23 25-Nov-2006 Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>

[PATCH] lockdep: spin_lock_irqsave_nested()

Introduce spin_lock_irqsave_nested(); implementation from:
http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/6/1/122
Patch from:
http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/9/13/258

[akpm@osdl.org: two compile fixes]
Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jikos@jikos.cz>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# ee3ce191 25-Nov-2006 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

[PATCH] Enforce "unsigned long flags;" when spinlocking

Make it break or warn if you pass to spin_lock_irqsave() and friends
something different from "unsigned long flags;". Suprisingly large amount
of these was caught by recent commit
c53421b18f205c5f97c604ae55c6a921f034b0f6 and others.

Idea is largely from FRV typechecking. Suggestions from Andrew Morton.
All stupid typos in first version fixed.

Passes allmodconfig on i386, x86_64, alpha, arm as well as my usual config.

Note #1: checking with sparse is still needed, because a driver can save
and pass around flags or something. So far patch is very intrusive.
Note #2: techically, we should break only if
sizeof(flags) < sizeof(unsigned long),
however, the more pain for getting suspicious code into kernel,
the better.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# dcc8e559 29-Sep-2006 Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>

[PATCH] Pass a lock expression to __cond_lock, like __acquire and __release

Currently, __acquire and __release take a lock expression, but __cond_lock
takes only a condition, not the lock acquired if the expression evaluates
to true. Change __cond_lock to accept a lock expression, and change all
the callers to pass in a lock expression.

Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# 303912e2 29-Sep-2006 Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>

[PATCH] Replace _spin_trylock with spin_trylock in the IRQ variants to use __cond_lock

spin_trylock_irq and spin_trylock_irqsave use _spin_trylock, which does not
use the __cond_lock wrapper annotation and thus does not affect the lock
context; change them to use spin_trylock instead, which does use
__cond_lock.

Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# 8a25d5de 03-Jul-2006 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

[PATCH] lockdep: prove spinlock rwlock locking correctness

Use the lock validator framework to prove spinlock and rwlock locking
correctness.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# 62c4f0a2 25-Apr-2006 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>

Don't include linux/config.h from anywhere else in include/

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>


# f83b5e32 22-Sep-2005 Ustyugov Roman <dr_unique@ymg.ru>

kbuild: set correct KBUILD_MODNAME when using well known kernel symbols as module names

This patch fixes a problem when we use well known kernel symbols as module
names.

For example, if module source name is current.c, idle_stack.c or etc.,
we have a bad KBUILD_MODNAME value.
For example, KBUILD_MODNAME will be "get_current()" instead of "current", or
"(init_thread_union.stack)" instead of "idle_task".

The trick is to define a stringify macro on the commandline - named
KBUILD_STR for namespace reasons - and then to stringify the module
name.

There are a few uses of KBUILD_MODNAME throughout the tree but the usage
is for debug and will not be harmed by this change so left untouched for now.

While at it KBUILD_BASENAME was changed too. Any spinlock usage in the
unix module would have created wrong section names without it.
Usage in spinlock.h fixed so it no longer stringify KBUILD_BASENAME.

Original patch from Ustyogov Roman - all bugs introduced by me.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>


# bda98685 30-Oct-2005 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

[PATCH] x86: inline spin_unlock if !CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK and !CONFIG_PREEMPT

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# fb1c8f93 10-Sep-2005 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

[PATCH] spinlock consolidation

This patch (written by me and also containing many suggestions of Arjan van
de Ven) does a major cleanup of the spinlock code. It does the following
things:

- consolidates and enhances the spinlock/rwlock debugging code

- simplifies the asm/spinlock.h files

- encapsulates the raw spinlock type and moves generic spinlock
features (such as ->break_lock) into the generic code.

- cleans up the spinlock code hierarchy to get rid of the spaghetti.

Most notably there's now only a single variant of the debugging code,
located in lib/spinlock_debug.c. (previously we had one SMP debugging
variant per architecture, plus a separate generic one for UP builds)

Also, i've enhanced the rwlock debugging facility, it will now track
write-owners. There is new spinlock-owner/CPU-tracking on SMP builds too.
All locks have lockup detection now, which will work for both soft and hard
spin/rwlock lockups.

The arch-level include files now only contain the minimally necessary
subset of the spinlock code - all the rest that can be generalized now
lives in the generic headers:

include/asm-i386/spinlock_types.h | 16
include/asm-x86_64/spinlock_types.h | 16

I have also split up the various spinlock variants into separate files,
making it easier to see which does what. The new layout is:

SMP | UP
----------------------------|-----------------------------------
asm/spinlock_types_smp.h | linux/spinlock_types_up.h
linux/spinlock_types.h | linux/spinlock_types.h
asm/spinlock_smp.h | linux/spinlock_up.h
linux/spinlock_api_smp.h | linux/spinlock_api_up.h
linux/spinlock.h | linux/spinlock.h

/*
* here's the role of the various spinlock/rwlock related include files:
*
* on SMP builds:
*
* asm/spinlock_types.h: contains the raw_spinlock_t/raw_rwlock_t and the
* initializers
*
* linux/spinlock_types.h:
* defines the generic type and initializers
*
* asm/spinlock.h: contains the __raw_spin_*()/etc. lowlevel
* implementations, mostly inline assembly code
*
* (also included on UP-debug builds:)
*
* linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:
* contains the prototypes for the _spin_*() APIs.
*
* linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs.
*
* on UP builds:
*
* linux/spinlock_type_up.h:
* contains the generic, simplified UP spinlock type.
* (which is an empty structure on non-debug builds)
*
* linux/spinlock_types.h:
* defines the generic type and initializers
*
* linux/spinlock_up.h:
* contains the __raw_spin_*()/etc. version of UP
* builds. (which are NOPs on non-debug, non-preempt
* builds)
*
* (included on UP-non-debug builds:)
*
* linux/spinlock_api_up.h:
* builds the _spin_*() APIs.
*
* linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs.
*/

All SMP and UP architectures are converted by this patch.

arm, i386, ia64, ppc, ppc64, s390/s390x, x64 was build-tested via
crosscompilers. m32r, mips, sh, sparc, have not been tested yet, but should
be mostly fine.

From: Grant Grundler <grundler@parisc-linux.org>

Booted and lightly tested on a500-44 (64-bit, SMP kernel, dual CPU).
Builds 32-bit SMP kernel (not booted or tested). I did not try to build
non-SMP kernels. That should be trivial to fix up later if necessary.

I converted bit ops atomic_hash lock to raw_spinlock_t. Doing so avoids
some ugly nesting of linux/*.h and asm/*.h files. Those particular locks
are well tested and contained entirely inside arch specific code. I do NOT
expect any new issues to arise with them.

If someone does ever need to use debug/metrics with them, then they will
need to unravel this hairball between spinlocks, atomic ops, and bit ops
that exist only because parisc has exactly one atomic instruction: LDCW
(load and clear word).

From: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>

ia64 fix

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjanv@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Grant Grundler <grundler@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@debian.org>
Signed-off-by: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Signed-off-by: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@csd.uu.se>
Signed-off-by: Benoit Boissinot <benoit.boissinot@ens-lyon.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# 10f02d1c 21-May-2005 Samuel Thibault <samuel.thibault@labri.fr>

[PATCH] spin_unlock_bh() and preempt_check_resched()

In _spin_unlock_bh(lock):
do { \
_raw_spin_unlock(lock); \
preempt_enable(); \
local_bh_enable(); \
__release(lock); \
} while (0)

there is no reason for using preempt_enable() instead of a simple
preempt_enable_no_resched()

Since we know bottom halves are disabled, preempt_schedule() will always
return at once (preempt_count!=0), and hence preempt_check_resched() is
useless here...

This fixes it by using "preempt_enable_no_resched()" instead of the
"preempt_enable()", and thus avoids the useless preempt_check_resched()
just before re-enabling bottom halves.

Signed-off-by: Samuel Thibault <samuel.thibault@ens-lyon.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>

Linux-2.6.12-rc2

Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!