History log of /linux-master/include/linux/irqflags.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# 8b023acc 14-Mar-2022 Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>

lockdep: Fix -Wunused-parameter for _THIS_IP_

While looking into a bug related to the compiler's handling of addresses
of labels, I noticed some uses of _THIS_IP_ seemed unused in lockdep.
Drive by cleanup.

-Wunused-parameter:
kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1383:22: warning: unused parameter 'ip'
kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4246:48: warning: unused parameter 'ip'
kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4844:19: warning: unused parameter 'ip'

Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220314221909.2027027-1-ndesaulniers@google.com


# 0c1d7a2c 29-Nov-2021 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

lockdep: Remove softirq accounting on PREEMPT_RT.

There is not really a softirq context on PREEMPT_RT. Softirqs on
PREEMPT_RT are always invoked within the context of a threaded
interrupt handler or within ksoftirqd. The "in-softirq" context is
preemptible and is protected by a per-CPU lock to ensure mutual
exclusion.

There is no difference on PREEMPT_RT between spin_lock_irq() and
spin_lock() because the former does not disable interrupts. Therefore
if a lock is used in_softirq() and locked once with spin_lock_irq()
then lockdep will report this with "inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} ->
{IN-SOFTIRQ-W} usage".

Teach lockdep that we don't really do softirqs on -RT.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211129174654.668506-6-bigeasy@linutronix.de


# 997acaf6 11-Jan-2021 Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

lockdep: report broken irq restoration

We generally expect local_irq_save() and local_irq_restore() to be
paired and sanely nested, and so local_irq_restore() expects to be
called with irqs disabled. Thus, within local_irq_restore() we only
trace irq flag changes when unmasking irqs.

This means that a sequence such as:

| local_irq_disable();
| local_irq_save(flags);
| local_irq_enable();
| local_irq_restore(flags);

... is liable to break things, as the local_irq_restore() would mask
irqs without tracing this change. Similar problems may exist for
architectures whose arch_irq_restore() function depends on being called
with irqs disabled.

We don't consider such sequences to be a good idea, so let's define
those as forbidden, and add tooling to detect such broken cases.

This patch adds debug code to WARN() when raw_local_irq_restore() is
called with irqs enabled. As raw_local_irq_restore() is expected to pair
with raw_local_irq_save(), it should never be called with irqs enabled.

To avoid the possibility of circular header dependencies between
irqflags.h and bug.h, the warning is handled in a separate C file.

The new code is all conditional on a new CONFIG_DEBUG_IRQFLAGS symbol
which is independent of CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS. As noted above such cases
will confuse lockdep, so CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP now selects
CONFIG_DEBUG_IRQFLAGS.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210111153707.10071-1-mark.rutland@arm.com


# 2914b0ba 18-Jun-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

irq_work: Optimize irq_work_single()

Trade one atomic op for a full memory barrier.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>


# 7a9f50a0 15-Jun-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

irq_work: Cleanup

Get rid of the __call_single_node union and clean up the API a little
to avoid external code relying on the structure layout as much.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>


# 044d0d6d 23-Jul-2020 Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>

lockdep: Only trace IRQ edges

Problem:

raw_local_irq_save(); // software state on
local_irq_save(); // software state off
...
local_irq_restore(); // software state still off, because we don't enable IRQs
raw_local_irq_restore(); // software state still off, *whoopsie*

existing instances:

- lock_acquire()
raw_local_irq_save()
__lock_acquire()
arch_spin_lock(&graph_lock)
pv_wait() := kvm_wait() (same or worse for Xen/HyperV)
local_irq_save()

- trace_clock_global()
raw_local_irq_save()
arch_spin_lock()
pv_wait() := kvm_wait()
local_irq_save()

- apic_retrigger_irq()
raw_local_irq_save()
apic->send_IPI() := default_send_IPI_single_phys()
local_irq_save()

Possible solutions:

A) make it work by enabling the tracing inside raw_*()
B) make it work by keeping tracing disabled inside raw_*()
C) call it broken and clean it up now

Now, given that the only reason to use the raw_* variant is because you don't
want tracing. Therefore A) seems like a weird option (although it can be done).
C) is tempting, but OTOH it ends up converting a _lot_ of code to raw just
because there is one raw user, this strips the validation/tracing off for all
the other users.

So we pick B) and declare any code that ends up doing:

raw_local_irq_save()
local_irq_save()
lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();

broken. AFAICT this problem has existed forever, the only reason it came
up is because commit: 859d069ee1dd ("lockdep: Prepare for NMI IRQ
state tracking") changed IRQ tracing vs lockdep recursion and the
first instance is fairly common, the other cases hardly ever happen.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
[rewrote changelog]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Tested-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200723105615.1268126-1-npiggin@gmail.com


# 00b0ed2d 12-Aug-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking/lockdep: Cleanup

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Tested-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200821085348.546087214@infradead.org


# fddf9055 20-Aug-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Use raw_cpu_*() for per-cpu variables

Sven reported that commit a21ee6055c30 ("lockdep: Change
hardirq{s_enabled,_context} to per-cpu variables") caused trouble on
s390 because their this_cpu_*() primitives disable preemption which
then lands back tracing.

On the one hand, per-cpu ops should use preempt_*able_notrace() and
raw_local_irq_*(), on the other hand, we can trivialy use raw_cpu_*()
ops for this.

Fixes: a21ee6055c30 ("lockdep: Change hardirq{s_enabled,_context} to per-cpu variables")
Reported-by: Sven Schnelle <svens@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Tested-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200821085348.192346882@infradead.org


# 0584df9c 29-Jul-2020 Marco Elver <elver@google.com>

lockdep: Refactor IRQ trace events fields into struct

Refactor the IRQ trace events fields, used for printing information
about the IRQ trace events, into a separate struct 'irqtrace_events'.

This improves readability by separating the information only used in
reporting, as well as enables (simplified) storing/restoring of
irqtrace_events snapshots.

No functional change intended.

Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200729110916.3920464-1-elver@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# f9ad4a5f 27-May-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Remove lockdep_hardirq{s_enabled,_context}() argument

Now that the macros use per-cpu data, we no longer need the argument.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200623083721.571835311@infradead.org


# a21ee605 24-May-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Change hardirq{s_enabled,_context} to per-cpu variables

Currently all IRQ-tracking state is in task_struct, this means that
task_struct needs to be defined before we use it.

Especially for lockdep_assert_irq*() this can lead to header-hell.

Move the hardirq state into per-cpu variables to avoid the task_struct
dependency.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200623083721.512673481@infradead.org


# bf2b3008 29-May-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

x86/entry: Rename trace_hardirqs_off_prepare()

The typical pattern for trace_hardirqs_off_prepare() is:

ENTRY
lockdep_hardirqs_off(); // because hardware
... do entry magic
instrumentation_begin();
trace_hardirqs_off_prepare();
... do actual work
trace_hardirqs_on_prepare();
lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare();
instrumentation_end();
... do exit magic
lockdep_hardirqs_on();

which shows that it's named wrong, rename it to
trace_hardirqs_off_finish(), as it concludes the hardirq_off transition.

Also, given that the above is the only correct order, make the traditional
all-in-one trace_hardirqs_off() follow suit.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200529213321.415774872@infradead.org


# c86e9b98 18-Mar-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Prepare for noinstr sections

Force inlining and prevent instrumentation of all sorts by marking the
functions which are invoked from low level entry code with 'noinstr'.

Split the irqflags tracking into two parts. One which does the heavy
lifting while RCU is watching and the final one which can be invoked after
RCU is turned off.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200505134100.484532537@linutronix.de


# 0995a5df 04-Mar-2020 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

tracing: Provide lockdep less trace_hardirqs_on/off() variants

trace_hardirqs_on/off() is only partially safe vs. RCU idle. The tracer
core itself is safe, but the resulting tracepoints can be utilized by
e.g. BPF which is unsafe.

Provide variants which do not contain the lockdep invocation so the lockdep
and tracer invocations can be split at the call site and placed
properly. This is required because lockdep needs to be aware of the state
before switching away from RCU idle and after switching to RCU idle because
these transitions can take locks.

As these code pathes are going to be non-instrumentable the tracer can be
invoked after RCU is turned on and before the switch to RCU idle. So for
these new variants there is no need to invoke the rcuidle aware tracer
functions.

Name them so they match the lockdep counterparts.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200505134100.270771162@linutronix.de


# 73d20564 31-Mar-2020 Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>

hrtimer: Don't dereference the hrtimer pointer after the callback

A hrtimer can be released in its callback, but lockdep_hrtimer_exit()
dereferences the pointer after the callback returns, i.e. a potential use
after free.

Retrieve the context in which the hrtimer expires before the callback is
invoked and use it in lockdep_hrtimer_exit().

Fixes: 40db173965c0 ("lockdep: Add hrtimer context tracing bits")
Reported-by: syzbot+62c155c276e580cfb606@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200331201849.fkp2siy3vcdqvqlz@linutronix.de


# ef996916 19-Mar-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Rename trace_{hard,soft}{irq_context,irqs_enabled}()

Continue what commit:

d820ac4c2fa8 ("locking: rename trace_softirq_[enter|exit] => lockdep_softirq_[enter|exit]")

started, rename these to avoid confusing them with tracepoints.

git grep -l "trace_\(soft\|hard\)\(irq_context\|irqs_enabled\)" | while read file;
do
sed -ie 's/trace_\(soft\|hard\)\(irq_context\|irqs_enabled\)/lockdep_\1\2/g' $file;
done

Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200320115859.178626842@infradead.org


# 0d38453c 19-Mar-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Rename trace_softirqs_{on,off}()

Continue what commit:

d820ac4c2fa8 ("locking: rename trace_softirq_[enter|exit] => lockdep_softirq_[enter|exit]")

started, rename these to avoid confusing them with tracepoints.

git grep -l "trace_softirqs_\(on\|off\)" | while read file;
do
sed -ie 's/trace_softirqs_\(on\|off\)/lockdep_softirqs_\1/g' $file;
done

Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200320115859.119434738@infradead.org


# 2502ec37 19-Mar-2020 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

lockdep: Rename trace_hardirq_{enter,exit}()

Continue what commit:

d820ac4c2fa8 ("locking: rename trace_softirq_[enter|exit] => lockdep_softirq_[enter|exit]")

started, rename these to avoid confusing them with tracepoints.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200320115859.060481361@infradead.org


# d53f2b62 20-Mar-2020 Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>

lockdep: Add posixtimer context tracing bits

Splitting run_posix_cpu_timers() into two parts is work in progress which
is stuck on other entry code related problems. The heavy lifting which
involves locking of sighand lock will be moved into task context so the
necessary execution time is burdened on the task and not on interrupt
context.

Until this work completes lockdep with the spinlock nesting rules enabled
would emit warnings for this known context.

Prevent it by setting "->irq_config = 1" for the invocation of
run_posix_cpu_timers() so lockdep does not complain when sighand lock is
acquried. This will be removed once the split is completed.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200321113242.751182723@linutronix.de


# 49915ac3 20-Mar-2020 Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>

lockdep: Annotate irq_work

Mark irq_work items with IRQ_WORK_HARD_IRQ which should be invoked in
hardirq context even on PREEMPT_RT. IRQ_WORK without this flag will be
invoked in softirq context on PREEMPT_RT.

Set ->irq_config to 1 for the IRQ_WORK items which are invoked in softirq
context so lockdep knows that these can safely acquire a spinlock_t.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200321113242.643576700@linutronix.de


# 40db1739 20-Mar-2020 Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>

lockdep: Add hrtimer context tracing bits

Set current->irq_config = 1 for hrtimers which are not marked to expire in
hard interrupt context during hrtimer_init(). These timers will expire in
softirq context on PREEMPT_RT.

Setting this allows lockdep to differentiate these timers. If a timer is
marked to expire in hard interrupt context then the timer callback is not
supposed to acquire a regular spinlock instead of a raw_spinlock in the
expiry callback.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200321113242.534508206@linutronix.de


# de8f5e4f 20-Mar-2020 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

lockdep: Introduce wait-type checks

Extend lockdep to validate lock wait-type context.

The current wait-types are:

LD_WAIT_FREE, /* wait free, rcu etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SPIN, /* spin loops, raw_spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_LOCK, spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SLEEP, /* sleeping locks, mutex_t etc.. */

Where lockdep validates that the current lock (the one being acquired)
fits in the current wait-context (as generated by the held stack).

This ensures that there is no attempt to acquire mutexes while holding
spinlocks, to acquire spinlocks while holding raw_spinlocks and so on. In
other words, its a more fancy might_sleep().

Obviously RCU made the entire ordeal more complex than a simple single
value test because RCU can be acquired in (pretty much) any context and
while it presents a context to nested locks it is not the same as it
got acquired in.

Therefore its necessary to split the wait_type into two values, one
representing the acquire (outer) and one representing the nested context
(inner). For most 'normal' locks these two are the same.

[ To make static initialization easier we have the rule that:
.outer == INV means .outer == .inner; because INV == 0. ]

It further means that its required to find the minimal .inner of the held
stack to compare against the outer of the new lock; because while 'normal'
RCU presents a CONFIG type to nested locks, if it is taken while already
holding a SPIN type it obviously doesn't relax the rules.

Below is an example output generated by the trivial test code:

raw_spin_lock(&foo);
spin_lock(&bar);
spin_unlock(&bar);
raw_spin_unlock(&foo);

[ BUG: Invalid wait context ]
-----------------------------
swapper/0/1 is trying to lock:
ffffc90000013f20 (&bar){....}-{3:3}, at: kernel_init+0xdb/0x187
other info that might help us debug this:
1 lock held by swapper/0/1:
#0: ffffc90000013ee0 (&foo){+.+.}-{2:2}, at: kernel_init+0xd1/0x187

The way to read it is to look at the new -{n,m} part in the lock
description; -{3:3} for the attempted lock, and try and match that up to
the held locks, which in this case is the one: -{2,2}.

This tells that the acquiring lock requires a more relaxed environment than
presented by the lock stack.

Currently only the normal locks and RCU are converted, the rest of the
lockdep users defaults to .inner = INV which is ignored. More conversions
can be done when desired.

The check for spinlock_t nesting is not enabled by default. It's a separate
config option for now as there are known problems which are currently
addressed. The config option allows to identify these problems and to
verify that the solutions found are indeed solving them.

The config switch will be removed and the checks will permanently enabled
once the vast majority of issues has been addressed.

[ bigeasy: Move LD_WAIT_FREE,… out of CONFIG_LOCKDEP to avoid compile
failure with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK + !CONFIG_LOCKDEP]
[ tglx: Add the config option ]

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200321113242.427089655@linutronix.de


# bff1b208 06-Aug-2018 Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>

tracing: Partial revert of "tracing: Centralize preemptirq tracepoints and unify their usage"

Joel Fernandes created a nice patch that cleaned up the duplicate hooks used
by lockdep and irqsoff latency tracer. It made both use tracepoints. But it
caused lockdep to trigger several false positives. We have not figured out
why yet, but removing lockdep from using the trace event hooks and just call
its helper functions directly (like it use to), makes the problem go away.

This is a partial revert of the clean up patch c3bc8fd637a9 ("tracing:
Centralize preemptirq tracepoints and unify their usage") that adds direct
calls for lockdep, but also keeps most of the clean up done to get rid of
the horrible preprocessor if statements.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180806155058.5ee875f4@gandalf.local.home

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Fixes: c3bc8fd637a9 ("tracing: Centralize preemptirq tracepoints and unify their usage")
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>


# c3bc8fd6 30-Jul-2018 Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>

tracing: Centralize preemptirq tracepoints and unify their usage

This patch detaches the preemptirq tracepoints from the tracers and
keeps it separate.

Advantages:
* Lockdep and irqsoff event can now run in parallel since they no longer
have their own calls.

* This unifies the usecase of adding hooks to an irqsoff and irqson
event, and a preemptoff and preempton event.
3 users of the events exist:
- Lockdep
- irqsoff and preemptoff tracers
- irqs and preempt trace events

The unification cleans up several ifdefs and makes the code in preempt
tracer and irqsoff tracers simpler. It gets rid of all the horrific
ifdeferry around PROVE_LOCKING and makes configuration of the different
users of the tracepoints more easy and understandable. It also gets rid
of the time_* function calls from the lockdep hooks used to call into
the preemptirq tracer which is not needed anymore. The negative delta in
lines of code in this patch is quite large too.

In the patch we introduce a new CONFIG option PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS
as a single point for registering probes onto the tracepoints. With
this,
the web of config options for preempt/irq toggle tracepoints and its
users becomes:

PREEMPT_TRACER PREEMPTIRQ_EVENTS IRQSOFF_TRACER PROVE_LOCKING
| | \ | |
\ (selects) / \ \ (selects) /
TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE ----> TRACE_IRQFLAGS
\ /
\ (depends on) /
PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS

Other than the performance tests mentioned in the previous patch, I also
ran the locking API test suite. I verified that all tests cases are
passing.

I also injected issues by not registering lockdep probes onto the
tracepoints and I see failures to confirm that the probes are indeed
working.

This series + lockdep probes not registered (just to inject errors):
[ 0.000000] hard-irqs-on + irq-safe-A/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-irqs-on + irq-safe-A/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] sirq-safe-A => hirqs-on/12:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] sirq-safe-A => hirqs-on/21:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + irqs-on/12:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + irqs-on/12:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + irqs-on/21:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + irqs-on/21:FAILED|FAILED| ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + unsafe-B #1/123: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + unsafe-B #1/123: ok | ok | ok |

With this series + lockdep probes registered, all locking tests pass:

[ 0.000000] hard-irqs-on + irq-safe-A/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-irqs-on + irq-safe-A/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] sirq-safe-A => hirqs-on/12: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] sirq-safe-A => hirqs-on/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + irqs-on/12: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + irqs-on/12: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + irqs-on/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + irqs-on/21: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] hard-safe-A + unsafe-B #1/123: ok | ok | ok |
[ 0.000000] soft-safe-A + unsafe-B #1/123: ok | ok | ok |

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180730222423.196630-4-joel@joelfernandes.org

Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>


# 4e7e3adb 02-Jan-2018 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Expand various INIT_* macros and remove

Expand various INIT_* macros into the single places they're used in
init/init_task.c and remove them.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> (arm64)
Tested-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# 527187d2 08-Jan-2018 Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

locking/lockdep: Remove cross-release leftovers

There's two cross-release leftover facilities:

- the crossrelease_hist_*() irq-tracing callbacks (NOPs currently)
- the complete_release_commit() callback (NOP as well)

Remove them.

Cc: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Cc: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
lines).

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


# f52be570 29-Aug-2017 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking/lockdep: Untangle xhlock history save/restore from task independence

Where XHLOCK_{SOFT,HARD} are save/restore points in the xhlocks[] to
ensure the temporal IRQ events don't interact with task state, the
XHLOCK_PROC is a fundament different beast that just happens to share
the interface.

The purpose of XHLOCK_PROC is to annotate independent execution inside
one task. For example workqueues, each work should appear to run in its
own 'pristine' 'task'.

Remove XHLOCK_PROC in favour of its own interface to avoid confusion.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
Cc: david@fromorbit.com
Cc: johannes@sipsolutions.net
Cc: kernel-team@lge.com
Cc: oleg@redhat.com
Cc: tj@kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170829085939.ggmb6xiohw67micb@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# e6f3faa7 23-Aug-2017 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

locking/lockdep: Fix workqueue crossrelease annotation

The new completion/crossrelease annotations interact unfavourable with
the extant flush_work()/flush_workqueue() annotations.

The problem is that when a single work class does:

wait_for_completion(&C)

and

complete(&C)

in different executions, we'll build dependencies like:

lock_map_acquire(W)
complete_acquire(C)

and

lock_map_acquire(W)
complete_release(C)

which results in the dependency chain: W->C->W, which lockdep thinks
spells deadlock, even though there is no deadlock potential since
works are ran concurrently.

One possibility would be to change the work 'lock' to recursive-read,
but that would mean hitting a lockdep limitation on recursive locks.
Also, unconditinoally switching to recursive-read here would fail to
detect the actual deadlock on single-threaded workqueues, which do
have a problem with this.

For now, forcefully disregard these locks for crossrelease.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
Cc: byungchul.park@lge.com
Cc: david@fromorbit.com
Cc: johannes@sipsolutions.net
Cc: oleg@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# b09be676 07-Aug-2017 Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>

locking/lockdep: Implement the 'crossrelease' feature

Lockdep is a runtime locking correctness validator that detects and
reports a deadlock or its possibility by checking dependencies between
locks. It's useful since it does not report just an actual deadlock but
also the possibility of a deadlock that has not actually happened yet.
That enables problems to be fixed before they affect real systems.

However, this facility is only applicable to typical locks, such as
spinlocks and mutexes, which are normally released within the context in
which they were acquired. However, synchronization primitives like page
locks or completions, which are allowed to be released in any context,
also create dependencies and can cause a deadlock.

So lockdep should track these locks to do a better job. The 'crossrelease'
implementation makes these primitives also be tracked.

Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
Cc: kernel-team@lge.com
Cc: kirill@shutemov.name
Cc: npiggin@gmail.com
Cc: walken@google.com
Cc: willy@infradead.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1502089981-21272-6-git-send-email-byungchul.park@lge.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# db2dcb4f 20-Jan-2015 Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com>

irqflags: Fix (at least latent) code generation issue

The conditional in local_irq_restore() otherwise can cause code
bloat (the if and else blocks may get translated into separate
code paths despite the generated code being identical, dependent
on compiler internal heuristics). Note that this adjustment gets
the code in sync with the comment preceding it (which was
slightly wrong from at least from 2.6.37 onwards).

The code bloat was observed in reality with an experimental x86
patch.

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/54BE5F8E02000078000570A7@mail.emea.novell.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# df9ee292 07-Oct-2010 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Fix IRQ flag handling naming

Fix the IRQ flag handling naming. In linux/irqflags.h under one configuration,
it maps:

local_irq_enable() -> raw_local_irq_enable()
local_irq_disable() -> raw_local_irq_disable()
local_irq_save() -> raw_local_irq_save()
...

and under the other configuration, it maps:

raw_local_irq_enable() -> local_irq_enable()
raw_local_irq_disable() -> local_irq_disable()
raw_local_irq_save() -> local_irq_save()
...

This is quite confusing. There should be one set of names expected of the
arch, and this should be wrapped to give another set of names that are expected
by users of this facility.

Change this to have the arch provide:

flags = arch_local_save_flags()
flags = arch_local_irq_save()
arch_local_irq_restore(flags)
arch_local_irq_disable()
arch_local_irq_enable()
arch_irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
arch_irqs_disabled()
arch_safe_halt()

Then linux/irqflags.h wraps these to provide:

raw_local_save_flags(flags)
raw_local_irq_save(flags)
raw_local_irq_restore(flags)
raw_local_irq_disable()
raw_local_irq_enable()
raw_irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
raw_irqs_disabled()
raw_safe_halt()

with type checking on the flags 'arguments', and then wraps those to provide:

local_save_flags(flags)
local_irq_save(flags)
local_irq_restore(flags)
local_irq_disable()
local_irq_enable()
irqs_disabled_flags(flags)
irqs_disabled()
safe_halt()

with tracing included if enabled.

The arch functions can now all be inline functions rather than some of them
having to be macros.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> [X86, FRV, MN10300]
Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> [Tile]
Signed-off-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> [Microblaze]
Tested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [ARM]
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <haavard.skinnemoen@atmel.com> [AVR]
Acked-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> [IA-64]
Acked-by: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> [M32R]
Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> [M68K/M68KNOMMU]
Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> [MIPS]
Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> [PA-RISC]
Acked-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> [PowerPC]
Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> [S390]
Acked-by: Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@sunplusct.com> [Score]
Acked-by: Matt Fleming <matt@console-pimps.org> [SH]
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> [Sparc]
Acked-by: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> [Xtensa]
Reviewed-by: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> [Alpha]
Reviewed-by: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> [H8300]
Cc: starvik@axis.com [CRIS]
Cc: jesper.nilsson@axis.com [CRIS]
Cc: linux-cris-kernel@axis.com


# 40b1f4e5 21-Oct-2009 Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>

irq: trivial: Fix typo in comment for #endif

The comment suggests this #endif is CONFIG_X86 but it's really
CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT

Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: michael@ellerman.id.au
LKML-Reference: <18191.1256182768@neuling.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# d820ac4c 12-Mar-2009 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

locking: rename trace_softirq_[enter|exit] => lockdep_softirq_[enter|exit]

Impact: cleanup

The naming clashes with upcoming softirq tracepoints, so rename the
APIs to lockdep_*().

Requested-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# 30742d5c 14-Sep-2008 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Revert "lockdep: fix compilation when CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT is not set"

This reverts commit bd8fbdee6562ee526f3c2582a3b373ef195015dd.

This broke the powerpc build - more fixes are needed before we can
undo this revert.


# bd8fbdee 03-Sep-2008 Rui Sousa <rui.p.m.sousa@gmail.com>

lockdep: fix compilation when CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT is not set

This patch fixes compilation if CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT is ever
disabled (which is currently not allowed by Kconfig). Alternatively
we could just remove the option altogether and the associated code
paths. Since the compilation error has been in the tree for at
least two years and no one noticed it, I guess we don't really have
the need for CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT=n.

Boot tested on x86 UP.

Signed-off-by: Rui Sousa <rui.p.m.sousa@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


# 3f307891 25-Jul-2008 Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>

locking: add typecheck on irqsave and friends for correct flags

There haave been several areas in the kernel where an int has been used for
flags in local_irq_save() and friends instead of a long. This can cause some
hard to debug problems on some architectures.

This patch adds a typecheck inside the irqsave and restore functions to flag
these cases.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix]
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 6cd8a4bb 12-May-2008 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>

ftrace: trace preempt off critical timings

Add preempt off timings. A lot of kernel core code is taken from the RT patch
latency trace that was written by Ingo Molnar.

This adds "preemptoff" and "preemptirqsoff" to /debugfs/tracing/available_tracers

Now instead of just tracing irqs off, preemption off can be selected
to be recorded.

When this is selected, it shares the same files as irqs off timings.
One can either trace preemption off, irqs off, or one or the other off.

By echoing "preemptoff" into /debugfs/tracing/current_tracer, recording
of preempt off only is performed. "irqsoff" will only record the time
irqs are disabled, but "preemptirqsoff" will take the total time irqs
or preemption are disabled. Runtime switching of these options is now
supported by simpling echoing in the appropriate trace name into
/debugfs/tracing/current_tracer.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# 81d68a96 12-May-2008 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>

ftrace: trace irq disabled critical timings

This patch adds latency tracing for critical timings
(how long interrupts are disabled for).

"irqsoff" is added to /debugfs/tracing/available_tracers

Note:
tracing_max_latency
also holds the max latency for irqsoff (in usecs).
(default to large number so one must start latency tracing)

tracing_thresh
threshold (in usecs) to always print out if irqs off
is detected to be longer than stated here.
If irq_thresh is non-zero, then max_irq_latency
is ignored.

Here's an example of a trace with ftrace_enabled = 0

=======
preemption latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.24-rc7
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
--------------------------------------------------------------------
latency: 100 us, #3/3, CPU#1 | (M:rt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
-----------------
| task: swapper-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
-----------------
=> started at: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7
=> ended at: _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f

_------=> CPU#
/ _-----=> irqs-off
| / _----=> need-resched
|| / _---=> hardirq/softirq
||| / _--=> preempt-depth
|||| /
||||| delay
cmd pid ||||| time | caller
\ / ||||| \ | /
swapper-0 1d.s3 0us+: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7 (e1000_update_stats+0x47/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1d.s3 100us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1d.s3 100us : trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x75/0x89 (_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f)

vim:ft=help
=======

And this is a trace with ftrace_enabled == 1

=======
preemption latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.24-rc7
--------------------------------------------------------------------
latency: 102 us, #12/12, CPU#1 | (M:rt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
-----------------
| task: swapper-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
-----------------
=> started at: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7
=> ended at: _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f

_------=> CPU#
/ _-----=> irqs-off
| / _----=> need-resched
|| / _---=> hardirq/softirq
||| / _--=> preempt-depth
|||| /
||||| delay
cmd pid ||||| time | caller
\ / ||||| \ | /
swapper-0 1dNs3 0us+: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7 (e1000_update_stats+0x47/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 46us : e1000_read_phy_reg+0x16/0x225 [e1000] (e1000_update_stats+0x5e2/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 46us : e1000_swfw_sync_acquire+0x10/0x99 [e1000] (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x49/0x225 [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 46us : e1000_get_hw_eeprom_semaphore+0x12/0xa6 [e1000] (e1000_swfw_sync_acquire+0x36/0x99 [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 47us : __const_udelay+0x9/0x47 (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x116/0x225 [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 47us+: __delay+0x9/0x50 (__const_udelay+0x45/0x47)
swapper-0 1dNs3 97us : preempt_schedule+0xc/0x84 (__delay+0x4e/0x50)
swapper-0 1dNs3 98us : e1000_swfw_sync_release+0xc/0x55 [e1000] (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x211/0x225 [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 99us+: e1000_put_hw_eeprom_semaphore+0x9/0x35 [e1000] (e1000_swfw_sync_release+0x50/0x55 [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 101us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0xe/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 102us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
swapper-0 1dNs3 102us : trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x75/0x89 (_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f)

vim:ft=help
=======

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# a7d5ac87 04-Mar-2008 Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>

x86: pageattr.c fix shadowed variable warning

irqs_disabled() uses flags internally, use _flags to avoid shadowing
code calling into this macro.

Introduced between 2.6.25-rc3 and -rc4

Fixes the sparse warning:
arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c:383:21: warning: symbol 'flags' shadows an earlier one
arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c:369:16: originally declared here

Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


# b8e6ec86 26-Nov-2006 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.osdl.org>

Revert "[PATCH] Enforce "unsigned long flags;" when spinlocking"

This reverts commit ee3ce191e8eaa4cc15c51a28b34143b36404c4f5, since it
broke on at least ARM, MIPS and PA-RISC due to complicated header file
dependencies.

Conflicts in include/linux/spinlock.h (due to the "nested" variety
fixes) fixed up by hand.

Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Russell King <rmk+lkml@arm.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# ee3ce191 25-Nov-2006 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

[PATCH] Enforce "unsigned long flags;" when spinlocking

Make it break or warn if you pass to spin_lock_irqsave() and friends
something different from "unsigned long flags;". Suprisingly large amount
of these was caught by recent commit
c53421b18f205c5f97c604ae55c6a921f034b0f6 and others.

Idea is largely from FRV typechecking. Suggestions from Andrew Morton.
All stupid typos in first version fixed.

Passes allmodconfig on i386, x86_64, alpha, arm as well as my usual config.

Note #1: checking with sparse is still needed, because a driver can save
and pass around flags or something. So far patch is very intrusive.
Note #2: techically, we should break only if
sizeof(flags) < sizeof(unsigned long),
however, the more pain for getting suspicious code into kernel,
the better.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>


# de30a2b3 03-Jul-2006 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

[PATCH] lockdep: irqtrace subsystem, core

Accurate hard-IRQ-flags and softirq-flags state tracing.

This allows us to attach extra functionality to IRQ flags on/off
events (such as trace-on/off).

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>