History log of /linux-master/usr/include/
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5134e94a 24-Apr-2021 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

usr/include: refactor .gitignore

The current .gitignore intends to ignore everything under usr/include/
except .gitignore and Makefile.

A cleaner solution is to use a pattern suffixed with '/', which matches
only directories. It works well here because all the exported headers
are located in sub-directories, like <linux/*.h>, <asm/*.h>.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

1f4e74c0 14-Jan-2021 Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>

arch: ia64: Remove rest of perfmon support

Perfmon support (used by oprofile earlier) was removed by commit
ecf5b72d5f66 ("ia64: Remove perfmon") earlier, but it missed few files
to remove/update.

Clean it up.

Suggested-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Robert Richter <rric@kernel.org>
Acked-by: William Cohen <wcohen@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

1e6b57d6 11-Jun-2020 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

unexport linux/elfcore.h

It's unusable from userland - it uses elf_gregset_t, which is not
provided by exported headers. glibc has it in sys/procfs.h, but
the same file defines struct elf_prstatus, so linux/elfcore.h can't
be included once sys/procfs.h has been pulled. Same goes for uclibc
and dietlibc simply doesn't have elf_gregset_t defined anywhere.

IOW, no userland source is including that thing.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9371f86e 28-Apr-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

bpfilter: match bit size of bpfilter_umh to that of the kernel

bpfilter_umh is built for the default machine bit of the compiler,
which may not match to the bit size of the kernel.

This happens in the scenario below:

You can use biarch GCC that defaults to 64-bit for building the 32-bit
kernel. In this case, Kbuild passes -m32 to teach the compiler to
produce 32-bit kernel space objects. However, it is missing when
building bpfilter_umh. It is built as a 64-bit ELF, and then embedded
into the 32-bit kernel.

The 32-bit kernel and 64-bit umh is a bad combination.

In theory, we can have 32-bit umh running on 64-bit kernel, but we do
not have a good reason to support such a usecase.

The best is to match the bit size between them.

Pass -m32 or -m64 to the umh build command if it is found in
$(KBUILD_CFLAGS). Evaluate CC_CAN_LINK against the kernel bit-size.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

30a77297 23-Apr-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: use -MMD instead of -MD to exclude system headers from dependency

This omits system headers from the generated header dependency.

System headers are not updated unless you upgrade the compiler. Nor do
they contain CONFIG options, so fixdep does not need to parse them.

Having said that, the effect of this optimization will be quite small
because the kernel code generally does not include system headers
except <stdarg.h>. Host programs include a lot of system headers,
but there are not so many in the kernel tree.

At first, keeping system headers in .*.cmd files might be useful to
detect the compiler update, but there is no guarantee that <stdarg.h>
is included from every file. So, I implemented a more reliable way in
the previous commit.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

00d76a0c 08-Apr-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: fix comment about missing include guard detection

The keyword here is 'twice' to explain the trick.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

d198b34f 03-Mar-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

.gitignore: add SPDX License Identifier

Add SPDX License Identifier to all .gitignore files.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

0186b126 18-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: rename header-test- to no-header-test in usr/include/Makefile

Since commit d2a99dbdade4 ("kbuild: update compile-test header list for
v5.5-rc1"), this does not depend on any CONFIG option.

no-header-test is clearer.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

55119786 18-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: detect missing include guard for exported headers

Adding an include guard to every header file is good practice in case
it is included multiple times.

Exported headers are compile-tested for the comprehensive sanity checks.
Let's include the same header twice. If an include guard is missing,
the header will fail to build due to redefinition of something.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

cf6b58ab 03-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: fix 'No such file or directory' warning when cleaning

Since commit fcbb8461fd23 ("kbuild: remove header compile test"),
'make clean' with O= option in the pristine source tree emits
'No such file or directory' warning.

$ git clean -d -f -x
$ make O=foo clean
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/masahiro/linux/foo'
find: ‘usr/include’: No such file or directory
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/masahiro/linux/foo'

Fixes: fcbb8461fd23 ("kbuild: remove header compile test")
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

0fb9dc28 04-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

arch: sembuf.h: make uapi asm/sembuf.h self-contained

Userspace cannot compile <asm/sembuf.h> due to some missing type
definitions. For example, building it for x86 fails as follows:

CC usr/include/asm/sembuf.h.s
In file included from <command-line>:32:0:
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:17:20: error: field `sem_perm' has incomplete type
struct ipc64_perm sem_perm; /* permissions .. see ipc.h */
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:24:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_time_t'
__kernel_time_t sem_otime; /* last semop time */
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:25:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused1;
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:26:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_time_t'
__kernel_time_t sem_ctime; /* last change time */
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:27:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused2;
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:29:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t sem_nsems; /* no. of semaphores in array */
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:30:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused3;
usr/include/asm/sembuf.h:31:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused4;

It is just a matter of missing include directive.

Include <asm/ipcbuf.h> to make it self-contained, and add it to
the compile-test coverage.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191030063855.9989-3-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9ef0e004 04-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

arch: msgbuf.h: make uapi asm/msgbuf.h self-contained

Userspace cannot compile <asm/msgbuf.h> due to some missing type
definitions. For example, building it for x86 fails as follows:

CC usr/include/asm/msgbuf.h.s
In file included from usr/include/asm/msgbuf.h:6:0,
from <command-line>:32:
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:25:20: error: field `msg_perm' has incomplete type
struct ipc64_perm msg_perm;
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:27:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_time_t'
__kernel_time_t msg_stime; /* last msgsnd time */
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:28:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_time_t'
__kernel_time_t msg_rtime; /* last msgrcv time */
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:29:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_time_t'
__kernel_time_t msg_ctime; /* last change time */
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:41:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_pid_t'
__kernel_pid_t msg_lspid; /* pid of last msgsnd */
usr/include/asm-generic/msgbuf.h:42:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_pid_t'
__kernel_pid_t msg_lrpid; /* last receive pid */

It is just a matter of missing include directive.

Include <asm/ipcbuf.h> to make it self-contained, and add it to
the compile-test coverage.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191030063855.9989-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

5b009673 04-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

arch: ipcbuf.h: make uapi asm/ipcbuf.h self-contained

Userspace cannot compile <asm/ipcbuf.h> due to some missing type
definitions. For example, building it for x86 fails as follows:

CC usr/include/asm/ipcbuf.h.s
In file included from usr/include/asm/ipcbuf.h:1:0,
from <command-line>:32:
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:21:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_key_t'
__kernel_key_t key;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:22:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_uid32_t'
__kernel_uid32_t uid;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:23:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_gid32_t'
__kernel_gid32_t gid;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:24:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_uid32_t'
__kernel_uid32_t cuid;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:25:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_gid32_t'
__kernel_gid32_t cgid;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:26:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_mode_t'
__kernel_mode_t mode;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:28:35: error: `__kernel_mode_t' undeclared here (not in a function)
unsigned char __pad1[4 - sizeof(__kernel_mode_t)];
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:31:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused1;
usr/include/asm-generic/ipcbuf.h:32:2: error: unknown type name `__kernel_ulong_t'
__kernel_ulong_t __unused2;

It is just a matter of missing include directive.

Include <linux/posix_types.h> to make it self-contained, and add it to
the compile-test coverage.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191030063855.9989-1-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

1a18374f 04-Dec-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

linux/scc.h: make uapi linux/scc.h self-contained

Userspace cannot compile <linux/scc.h>

CC usr/include/linux/scc.h.s
In file included from <command-line>:32:0:
usr/include/linux/scc.h:20:20: error: `SIOCDEVPRIVATE' undeclared here (not in a function)

Include <linux/sockios.h> to make it self-contained, and add it to the
compile-test coverage.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191108055809.26969-1-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7ecaf069 07-Nov-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: move headers_check rule to usr/include/Makefile

Currently, some sanity checks for uapi headers are done by
scripts/headers_check.pl, which is wired up to the 'headers_check'
target in the top Makefile.

It is true compiling headers has better test coverage, but there
are still several headers excluded from the compile test. I like
to keep headers_check.pl for a while, but we can delete a lot of
code by moving the build rule to usr/include/Makefile.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

fcbb8461 07-Nov-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: remove header compile test

There are both positive and negative options about this feature.
At first, I thought it was a good idea, but actually Linus stated a
negative opinion (https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/9/29/227). I admit it
is ugly and annoying.

The baseline I'd like to keep is the compile-test of uapi headers.
(Otherwise, kernel developers have no way to ensure the correctness
of the exported headers.)

I will maintain a small build rule in usr/include/Makefile.
Remove the other header test functionality.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

d2a99dbd 07-Nov-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: update compile-test header list for v5.5-rc1

Since commit 707816c8b050 ("netfilter: remove deprecation warnings from
uapi headers."), you can compile linux/netfilter_ipv4/ipt_LOG.h and
linux/netfilter_ipv6/ip6t_LOG.h without warnings.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

d188b8c9 02-Oct-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: update compile-test header list for v5.4-rc2

Commit 6dc280ebeed2 ("coda: remove uapi/linux/coda_psdev.h") removed
a header in question. Some more build errors were fixed. Add more
headers into the test coverage.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

02dc96ef 28-Sep-2019 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net

Pull networking fixes from David Miller:

1) Sanity check URB networking device parameters to avoid divide by
zero, from Oliver Neukum.

2) Disable global multicast filter in NCSI, otherwise LLDP and IPV6
don't work properly. Longer term this needs a better fix tho. From
Vijay Khemka.

3) Small fixes to selftests (use ping when ping6 is not present, etc.)
from David Ahern.

4) Bring back rt_uses_gateway member of struct rtable, it's semantics
were not well understood and trying to remove it broke things. From
David Ahern.

5) Move usbnet snaity checking, ignore endpoints with invalid
wMaxPacketSize. From Bjørn Mork.

6) Missing Kconfig deps for sja1105 driver, from Mao Wenan.

7) Various small fixes to the mlx5 DR steering code, from Alaa Hleihel,
Alex Vesker, and Yevgeny Kliteynik

8) Missing CAP_NET_RAW checks in various places, from Ori Nimron.

9) Fix crash when removing sch_cbs entry while offloading is enabled,
from Vinicius Costa Gomes.

10) Signedness bug fixes, generally in looking at the result given by
of_get_phy_mode() and friends. From Dan Crapenter.

11) Disable preemption around BPF_PROG_RUN() calls, from Eric Dumazet.

12) Don't create VRF ipv6 rules if ipv6 is disabled, from David Ahern.

13) Fix quantization code in tcp_bbr, from Kevin Yang.

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net: (127 commits)
net: tap: clean up an indentation issue
nfp: abm: fix memory leak in nfp_abm_u32_knode_replace
tcp: better handle TCP_USER_TIMEOUT in SYN_SENT state
sk_buff: drop all skb extensions on free and skb scrubbing
tcp_bbr: fix quantization code to not raise cwnd if not probing bandwidth
mlxsw: spectrum_flower: Fail in case user specifies multiple mirror actions
Documentation: Clarify trap's description
mlxsw: spectrum: Clear VLAN filters during port initialization
net: ena: clean up indentation issue
NFC: st95hf: clean up indentation issue
net: phy: micrel: add Asym Pause workaround for KSZ9021
net: socionext: ave: Avoid using netdev_err() before calling register_netdev()
ptp: correctly disable flags on old ioctls
lib: dimlib: fix help text typos
net: dsa: microchip: Always set regmap stride to 1
nfp: flower: fix memory leak in nfp_flower_spawn_vnic_reprs
nfp: flower: prevent memory leak in nfp_flower_spawn_phy_reprs
net/sched: Set default of CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT to N
vrf: Do not attempt to create IPv6 mcast rule if IPv6 is disabled
net: sched: sch_sfb: don't call qdisc_put() while holding tree lock

20ff1cb5 23-Sep-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

netfilter: ebtables: use __u8 instead of uint8_t in uapi header

When CONFIG_UAPI_HEADER_TEST=y, exported headers are compile-tested to
make sure they can be included from user-space.

Currently, linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h is excluded from the test
coverage. To make it join the compile-test, we need to fix the build
errors attached below.

For a case like this, we decided to use __u{8,16,32,64} variable types
in this discussion:


Build log:

CC usr/include/linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h.s
In file included from <command-line>:32:0:
./usr/include/linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h:126:4: error: unknown type name ‘uint8_t’
uint8_t revision;
./usr/include/linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h:139:4: error: unknown type name ‘uint8_t’
uint8_t revision;
./usr/include/linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h:152:4: error: unknown type name ‘uint8_t’
uint8_t revision;

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>

1634f2bf 24-Aug-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: remove clean-dirs syntax

The only the difference between clean-files and clean-dirs is the -r
option passed to the 'rm' command.

You can always pass -r, and then remove the clean-dirs syntax.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

a963609e 22-Jul-2019 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

kbuild: enable arch/s390/include/uapi/asm/zcrypt.h for uapi header test

Masahiro Yamada changed the zcrypt.h header file to use __u{16,32,64}
instead of uint{16,32,64}_t with ("s390: use __u{16,32,64} instead of
uint{16,32,64}_t in uapi header").

This makes all s390 header files pass - remove zcrypt.h from the blacklist.

Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>

67bf4745 17-Jul-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: update compile-test header list for v5.3-rc1

- Some headers graduated from the blacklist

- hyperv_timer.h joined the header-test when CONFIG_X86=y

- nf_tables*.h joined the header-test when CONFIG_NF_TABLES is

- The entry for nf_tables_offload.h was added to fix build error for

- The entry for iomap.h was added because this header is supposed to
be included only when CONFIG_BLOCK=y

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

d6fc9fcb 30-Jun-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: compile-test exported headers to ensure they are self-contained

Multiple people have suggested compile-testing UAPI headers to ensure
they can be really included from user-space. "make headers_check" is
obviously not enough to catch bugs, and we often leak unresolved
references to user-space.

Use the new header-test-y syntax to implement it. Please note exported
headers are compile-tested with a completely different set of compiler
flags. The header search path is set to $(objtree)/usr/include since
exported headers should not include unexported ones.

We use -std=gnu89 for the kernel space since the kernel code highly
depends on GNU extensions. On the other hand, UAPI headers should be
written in more standardized C, so they are compiled with -std=c90.
This will emit errors if C++ style comments, the keyword 'inline', etc.
are used. Please use C style comments (/* ... */), '__inline__', etc.
in UAPI headers.

There is additional compiler requirement to enable this test because
many of UAPI headers include <stdlib.h>, <sys/ioctl.h>, <sys/time.h>,
etc. directly or indirectly. You cannot use kernel.org pre-built
toolchains [1] since they lack <stdlib.h>.

I reused CONFIG_CC_CAN_LINK to check the system header availability.
The intention is slightly different, but a compiler that can link
userspace programs provide system headers.

For now, a lot of headers need to be excluded because they cannot
be compiled standalone, but this is a good start point.

[1] https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/tools/crosstool/index.html

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>