History log of /linux-master/usr/Makefile
Revision Date Author Comments
# a30d8a39 30-Jul-2020 Nick Terrell <terrelln@fb.com>

usr: Add support for zstd compressed initramfs

- Add support for a zstd compressed initramfs.

- Add compression for compressing built-in initramfs with zstd.

I have tested this patch by boot testing with buildroot and QEMU.
Specifically, I booted the kernel with both a zstd and gzip compressed
initramfs, both built into the kernel and separate. I ensured that the
correct compression algorithm was used. I tested on arm, aarch64, i386,
and x86_64.

This patch has been tested in production on aarch64 and x86_64 devices.

Additionally, I have performance measurements from internal use in
production. On an aarch64 device we saw 19 second boot time improvement
from switching from lzma to zstd (27 seconds to 8 seconds). On an x86_64
device we saw a 9 second boot time reduction from switching from xz to

Signed-off-by: Nick Terrell <terrelln@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200730190841.2071656-5-nickrterrell@gmail.com

# d4e9056d 03-Feb-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: do not show compression mode choice if INITRAMFS_SOURCE is empty

Since commit ddd09bcc899f ("initramfs: make compression options not
depend on INITRAMFS_SOURCE"), Kconfig asks the compression mode for
the built-in initramfs regardless of INITRAMFS_SOURCE.

It is technically simpler, but pointless from a UI perspective,
Linus says [1].

When INITRAMFS_SOURCE is empty, usr/Makefile creates a tiny default
cpio, which is so small that nobody cares about the compression.

This commit hides the Kconfig choice in that case. The default cpio
is embedded without compression, which was the original behavior.

[1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/2/1/160

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 5f2fb52f 01-Feb-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: rename hostprogs-y/always to hostprogs/always-y

In old days, the "host-progs" syntax was used for specifying host
programs. It was renamed to the current "hostprogs-y" in 2004.

It is typically useful in scripts/Makefile because it allows Kbuild to
selectively compile host programs based on the kernel configuration.

This commit renames like follows:

always -> always-y
hostprogs-y -> hostprogs

So, scripts/Makefile will look like this:

always-$(CONFIG_BUILD_BIN2C) += ...
always-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS) += ...
hostprogs := $(always-y) $(always-m)

I think this makes more sense because a host program is always a host
program, irrespective of the kernel configuration. We want to specify
which ones to compile by CONFIG options, so always-y will be handier.

The "always", "hostprogs-y", "hostprogs-m" will be kept for backward
compatibility for a while.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# 65e00e04 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: refactor the initramfs build rules

Currently, usr/gen_initramfs.sh takes care of all the use-cases:

[1] generates a cpio file unless CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE points to
a single cpio archive

[2] If CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE is the path to a cpio archive,
use it as-is.

[3] Compress the cpio file according to CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_*
unless it is passed a compressed archive.

To simplify the script, move [2] and [3] to usr/Makefile.

If CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE is the path to a cpio archive, there is
no need to run this shell script.

For the cpio archive compression, you can re-use the rules from
scripts/Makefile.lib .

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# 4538f413 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: add default_cpio_list, and delete -d option support

When CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE is empty, the Makefile passes the -d
option to gen_initramfs.sh to create the default initramfs, which
contains /dev, /dev/console, and /root.

This commit simplifies the default behavior; remove the -d option,
and add the default cpio list.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# 96680975 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: generate dependency list and cpio at the same time

Currently, this script is run twice, for the dependency list, and then
for the cpio archive.

The first one is re-run every time although its build log is suppressed
so nobody notices it.

Make it work more efficiently by generating the cpio and the dependency
list at the same time.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# 3e176683 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: specify $(src)/gen_initramfs.sh as a prerequisite in Makefile

Specify the dependency directly in the Makefile.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>

# 80e715a0 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: rename gen_initramfs_list.sh to gen_initramfs.sh

The comments in usr/Makefile wrongly refer to the script name (twice).

Line 37:
# The dependency list is generated by gen_initramfs.sh -l

Line 54:
# 4) Arguments to gen_initramfs.sh changes

There does not exist such a script.

I was going to fix the comments, but after some consideration, I thought
"gen_initramfs.sh" would be more suitable than "gen_initramfs_list.sh"
because it generates an initramfs image in the common usage.

The script generates a list that can be fed to gen_init_cpio only when
it is directly run without -o or -l option.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# a2183c04 04-Jan-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

initramfs: replace klibcdirs in Makefile with FORCE

'klibcdirs' was added by commit d39a206bc35d ("kbuild: rebuild initramfs
if content of initramfs changes"). If this is just a matter of forcing
execution of the recipe line, we can replace it with FORCE.

The following code is currently useless:

$(deps_initramfs): klibcdirs

The original intent could be a hook for the klibc integration into the
kernel tree, but klibc is a separate project, which can be built
independently. Clean it up.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>

# 6279eb3d 23-Sep-2019 Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>

kbuild: clean compressed initramfs image

Since 9e3596b0c653 ("kbuild: initramfs cleanup, set target from Kconfig")
"make clean" leaves behind compressed initramfs images. Example:

$ make defconfig
$ sed -i 's|CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE=""|CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE="/tmp/ir.cpio"|' .config
$ make olddefconfig
$ make -s
$ make -s clean
$ git clean -ndxf | grep initramfs
Would remove usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz

clean rules do not have CONFIG_* context so they do not know which
compression format was used. Thus they don't know which files to delete.

Tell clean to delete all possible compression formats.

Once patched usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz and friends are deleted by
"make clean".

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190722063251.55541-1-gthelen@google.com
Fixes: 9e3596b0c653 ("kbuild: initramfs cleanup, set target from Kconfig")
Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# d6fc9fcb 30-Jun-2019 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kbuild: compile-test exported headers to ensure they are self-contained

Multiple people have suggested compile-testing UAPI headers to ensure
they can be really included from user-space. "make headers_check" is
obviously not enough to catch bugs, and we often leak unresolved
references to user-space.

Use the new header-test-y syntax to implement it. Please note exported
headers are compile-tested with a completely different set of compiler
flags. The header search path is set to $(objtree)/usr/include since
exported headers should not include unexported ones.

We use -std=gnu89 for the kernel space since the kernel code highly
depends on GNU extensions. On the other hand, UAPI headers should be
written in more standardized C, so they are compiled with -std=c90.
This will emit errors if C++ style comments, the keyword 'inline', etc.
are used. Please use C style comments (/* ... */), '__inline__', etc.
in UAPI headers.

There is additional compiler requirement to enable this test because
many of UAPI headers include <stdlib.h>, <sys/ioctl.h>, <sys/time.h>,
etc. directly or indirectly. You cannot use kernel.org pre-built
toolchains [1] since they lack <stdlib.h>.

I reused CONFIG_CC_CAN_LINK to check the system header availability.
The intention is slightly different, but a compiler that can link
userspace programs provide system headers.

For now, a lot of headers need to be excluded because they cannot
be compiled standalone, but this is a good start point.

[1] https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/tools/crosstool/index.html

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# c7fe0608 01-Dec-2018 Eugen Cazacu <green182day@hotmail.com>

user/Makefile: Fix typo and capitalization in comment section

Signed-off-by: Eugen Cazacu <green182day@hotmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# f6f57a46 20-Aug-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

initramfs: move gen_initramfs_list.sh from scripts/ to usr/

scripts/gen_initramfs_list.sh is only invoked from usr/Makefile.
Move it so that all tools to create initramfs are self-contained
in the usr/ directory.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# e08b1877 02-Nov-2017 Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>

initramfs: fix initramfs rebuilds w/ compression after disabling

This is a follow-up to commit 57ddfdaa9a72 ("initramfs: fix disabling of
initramfs (and its compression)"). This particular commit fixed the use
case where we build the kernel with an initramfs with no compression,
and then we build the kernel with no initramfs.

Now this still left us with the same case as described here:


not working with initramfs compression. This can be seen by the
following steps/timestamps:


.initramfs_data.cpio.gz.cmd is correct:

cmd_usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz := /bin/bash
./scripts/gen_initramfs_list.sh -o usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz -u 1000 -g 1000 /home/fainelli/work/uclinux-rootfs/romfs /home/fainelli/work/uclinux-rootfs/misc/initramfs.dev

and was generated the first time we did generate the gzip initramfs, so
the command has not changed, nor its arguments, so we just don't call
it, no initramfs cpio is re-generated as a consequence.

The fix for this problem is just to properly keep track of the
.initramfs_cpio_data.d file by suffixing it with the compression
extension. This takes care of properly tracking dependencies such that
the initramfs get (re)generated any time files are added/deleted etc.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170930033936.6722-1-f.fainelli@gmail.com
Fixes: db2aa7fd15e8 ("initramfs: allow again choice of the embedded initramfs compression algorithm")
Fixes: 9e3596b0c653 ("kbuild: initramfs cleanup, set target from Kconfig")
Signed-off-by: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>
Cc: "Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike)" <klondike@xiscosoft.net>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# 9e3596b0 05-Jan-2017 Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>

kbuild: initramfs cleanup, set target from Kconfig

Rather than keep a list of all possible compression types in the
Makefile, set the target explicitly from Kconfig.

Reviewed-by: Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) <klondike@klondike.es>
Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# ae30ab4c 05-Jan-2017 Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>

kbuild: initramfs fix dependency checking for compressed target

When using initramfs compression, the data file compression suffix
gets quotes pulled in from Kconfig, e.g., initramfs_data.cpio".gz"
which make does not match a target and causes rebuild.

Fix this by filtering out quotes from the Kconfig string.

Fixes: 35e669e1a254 ("initramfs: select builtin initram compression algorithm on KConfig instead of Makefile")
Reviewed-by: Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) <klondike@klondike.es>
Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 35e669e1 14-Dec-2016 Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) <klondike@klondike.es>

initramfs: select builtin initram compression algorithm on KConfig instead of Makefile

Move the current builtin initram compression algorithm selection from
the Makefile into the INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION variable. This makes
deciding algorithm precedence easier and would allow for overrides if
new algorithms want to be tested.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/57EAD769.1090401@klondike.es
Signed-off-by: Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) <klondike@klondike.es>
Cc: P J P <ppandit@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 9ba4bcb6 12-Nov-2013 P J P <ppandit@redhat.com>

initramfs: read CONFIG_RD_ variables for initramfs compression

When expert configuration option(CONFIG_EXPERT) is enabled, menuconfig
offers a choice of compression algorithm to compress initial ramfs image;
This choice is stored into CONFIG_RD_* variables. But usr/Makefile uses
earlier INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_* macros to build initial ramfs file. Since
none of them is defined, resulting 'initramfs_data.cpio' file remains

This patch updates the Makefile to use CONFIG_RD_* variables and adds
support for LZ4 compression algorithm. Also updates the
'gen_initramfs_list.sh' script to check whether a selected compression
command is accessible or not. And fall-back to default gzip(1)
compression when it is not.

Signed-off-by: P J P <prasad@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 3ebe1243 12-Jan-2011 Lasse Collin <lasse.collin@tukaani.org>

decompressors: add boot-time XZ support

This implements the API defined in <linux/decompress/generic.h> which is
used for kernel, initramfs, and initrd decompression. This patch together
with the first patch is enough for XZ-compressed initramfs and initrd;
XZ-compressed kernel will need arch-specific changes.

The buffering requirements described in decompress_unxz.c are stricter
than with gzip, so the relevant changes should be done to the
arch-specific code when adding support for XZ-compressed kernel.
Similarly, the heap size in arch-specific pre-boot code may need to be
increased (30 KiB is enough).

The XZ decompressor needs memmove(), memeq() (memcmp() == 0), and
memzero() (memset(ptr, 0, size)), which aren't available in all
arch-specific pre-boot environments. I'm including simple versions in
decompress_unxz.c, but a cleaner solution would naturally be nicer.

Signed-off-by: Lasse Collin <lasse.collin@tukaani.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu>
Cc: Albin Tonnerre <albin.tonnerre@free-electrons.com>
Cc: Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.demon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 6ae64e42 17-Sep-2010 Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

initramfs: generalize initramfs_data.xxx.S variants

Remove initramfs_data.{lzo,lzma,gz,bz2}.S variants and use a common
implementation in initramfs_data.S. The common implementation expects the
file name of the initramfs to be defined in INITRAMFS_IMAGE.

Change the Makefile to set the INITRAMFS_IMAGE define symbol according
to the selected compression method.

Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
Acked-by: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>

# 2a2a400f 26-May-2010 Albin Tonnerre <albin.tonnerre@free-electrons.com>

initramfs: add support for in-kernel initramfs compressed with LZO

Add the necessary parts to be enable the use of LZO-compressed initramfs
build into the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Albin Tonnerre <albin.tonnerre@free-electrons.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 0bc9f9e6 05-Jul-2009 Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>

kbuild: correct initramfs compression comment

Fix the Makefile comment since bzip2 is now supported.

Signed-off-by: Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>
Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# 1359096e 31-Mar-2009 H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

bzip2/lzma: quiet Kconfig warning for INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE

Impact: quiet Kconfig warning

It appears that Kconfig simply has no way to provide defaults for
entries that exist inside a conditionalized choice block.
Fortunately, it turns out we don't actually ever use
CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE, so we can just drop it for
everything outside the choice block.

Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

# ab76f3d7 19-Feb-2009 Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu>

bzip2/lzma: make internal initramfs compression configurable

Impact: Avoids silent environment dependency

Make builtin initramfs compression an explicit configurable. The
previous version would pick a compression based on the binaries which
were installed on the system, which could lead to unexpected results.
It is now explicitly configured, and not having the appropriate
binaries installed on the build host is simply an error.

Signed-off-by: Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>

# a26ee60f 07-Jan-2009 Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu>

bzip2/lzma: fix built-in initramfs vs CONFIG_RD_GZIP

Impact: Resolves build failures in some configurations

Makes it possible to disable CONFIG_RD_GZIP . In that case, the
built-in initramfs will be compressed by whatever compressor is
available (bzip2 or lzma) or left uncompressed if none is available.

It also removes a couple of warnings which occur when no ramdisk
compression at all is chosen.

It also restores the select ZLIB_INFLATE in drivers/block/Kconfig
which somehow came missing. This is needed to activate compilation of
the stuff in zlib_deflate.

Signed-off-by: Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

# c33df4ea 10-Feb-2007 Jean-Paul Saman <jean-paul.saman@nxp.com>

[PATCH] disable init/initramfs.c

The file init/initramfs.c is always compiled and linked in the kernel
vmlinux even when BLK_DEV_RAM and BLK_DEV_INITRD are disabled and the
system isn't using any form of an initramfs or initrd. In this situation
the code is only used to unpack a (static) default initial rootfilesystem.
The current init/initramfs.c code. usr/initramfs_data.o compiles to a size
of ~15 kbytes. Disabling BLK_DEV_RAM and BLK_DEV_INTRD shrinks the kernel
code size with ~60 Kbytes.

This patch avoids compiling in the code and data for initramfs support if
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD is not defined. Instead of the initramfs code and
data it uses a small routine in init/noinitramfs.c to setup an initial
static default environment for mounting a rootfilesystem later on in the
kernel initialisation process. The new code is: 164 bytes of size.

The patch is separated in two parts:
1) doesn't compile initramfs code when CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD is not set
2) changing all plaforms vmlinux.lds.S files to not reserve an area of

[deweerdt@free.fr: warning fix]
Signed-off-by: Jean-Paul Saman <jean-paul.saman@nxp.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Frederik Deweerdt <frederik.deweerdt@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# a26d79ca 25-Nov-2006 Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>

[PATCH] initramfs: handle more than one source dir or file list

Fix bug 7401.

Handle more than one source dir or file list to the initramfs gen scripts.

The Kconfig help for INITRAMFS_SOURCE claims that you can specify multiple
space-separated sources in order to allow unprivileged users to build an
image. There are two bugs in the current implementation that prevent this
from working.

First, we pass "file1 dir2" to the gen_initramfs_list.sh script, which it
obviously can't open.

Second, gen_initramfs_list.sh -l outputs multiple definitions for
deps_initramfs -- one for each argument.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 48f1f058 23-Jul-2006 Sam Ravnborg <sam@mars.ravnborg.org>

kbuild: consistently decide when to rebuild a target

Consistently decide when to rebuild a target across all of
if_changed, if_changed_dep, if_changed_rule.
PHONY targets are now treated alike (ignored) for all targets

While add it make Kbuild.include almost readable by factoring out a few
bits to some common variables and reuse this in Makefile.build.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# 58a2f7d8 07-Aug-2006 Sam Ravnborg <sam@mars.ravnborg.org>

kbuild: do not try to build content of initramfs

When a file supplied via CONFIG_INITRAMFS pointed to a file
for which kbuild had a rule to compile it (foo.c => foo.o)
then kbuild would compile the file before adding the
file to the initramfs.

Teach make that files included in initramfs shall not be updated by adding
an 'empty command'. (See "Using Empty Commands" in info make).

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# ff541710 09-Jun-2006 Nickolay <nickolay@protei.ru>

kbuild: bugfix with initramfs

This patch fix double inclusion of ramfs-input.

Signed-off-by: Nickolay Vinogradov <nickolay@protei.ru>
Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# d39a206b 11-Apr-2006 Sam Ravnborg <sam@mars.ravnborg.org>

kbuild: rebuild initramfs if content of initramfs changes

initramfs.cpio.gz being build in usr/ and included in the
kernel was not rebuild when the included files changed.

To fix this the following was done:
- let gen_initramfs.sh generate a list of files and directories included
in the initramfs
- gen_initramfs generate the gzipped cpio archive so we could simplify
the kbuild file (Makefile)
- utilising the kbuild infrastructure so when uid/gid root mapping changes
the initramfs will be rebuild

With this change we have a much more robust initramfs generation.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# 8ec4b4ff 25-Jul-2005 Sam Ravnborg <sam@mars.(none)>

kbuild: introduce Kbuild.include

Kbuild.include is a placeholder for definitions originally present in
both the top-level Makefile and scripts/Makefile.build.
There were a slight difference in the filechk definition, so the most videly
used version was kept and usr/Makefile was adopted for this syntax.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!