History log of /linux-master/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
Revision Date Author Comments
# 395fc4fa 29-Jul-2022 Joe Burton <jevburton@google.com>

libbpf: Add bpf_obj_get_opts()

Add an extensible variant of bpf_obj_get() capable of setting the
`file_flags` parameter.

This parameter is needed to enable unprivileged access to BPF maps.
Without a method like this, users must manually make the syscall.

Signed-off-by: Joe Burton <jevburton@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220729202727.3311806-1-jevburton.kernel@gmail.com


# a4b2f3cf 28-Jun-2022 Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>

libbpf: implement bpf_prog_query_opts

Implement bpf_prog_query_opts as a more expendable version of
bpf_prog_query. Expose new prog_attach_flags and attach_btf_func_id as
well:

* prog_attach_flags is a per-program attach_type; relevant only for
lsm cgroup program which might have different attach_flags
per attach_btf_id
* attach_btf_func_id is a new field expose for prog_query which
specifies real btf function id for lsm cgroup attachments

Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220628174314.1216643-10-sdf@google.com
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# bd054102 27-Jun-2022 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: enforce strict libbpf 1.0 behaviors

Remove support for legacy features and behaviors that previously had to
be disabled by calling libbpf_set_strict_mode():
- legacy BPF map definitions are not supported now;
- RLIMIT_MEMLOCK auto-setting, if necessary, is always on (but see
libbpf_set_memlock_rlim());
- program name is used for program pinning (instead of section name);
- cleaned up error returning logic;
- entry BPF programs should have SEC() always.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220627211527.2245459-15-andrii@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 765a3413 27-Jun-2022 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: remove deprecated low-level APIs

Drop low-level APIs as well as high-level (and very confusingly named)
BPF object loading bpf_prog_load_xattr() and bpf_prog_load_deprecated()
APIs.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220627211527.2245459-3-andrii@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# d16495a9 18-May-2022 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: remove bpf_create_map*() APIs

To test API removal, get rid of bpf_create_map*() APIs. Perf defines
__weak implementation of bpf_map_create() that redirects to old
bpf_create_map() and that seems to compile and run fine.

Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220518185915.3529475-4-andrii@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 737d0646 12-May-2022 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add safer high-level wrappers for map operations

Add high-level API wrappers for most common and typical BPF map
operations that works directly on instances of struct bpf_map * (so
you don't have to call bpf_map__fd()) and validate key/value size
expectations.

These helpers require users to specify key (and value, where
appropriate) sizes when performing lookup/update/delete/etc. This forces
user to actually think and validate (for themselves) those. This is
a good thing as user is expected by kernel to implicitly provide correct
key/value buffer sizes and kernel will just read/write necessary amount
of data. If it so happens that user doesn't set up buffers correctly
(which bit people for per-CPU maps especially) kernel either randomly
overwrites stack data or return -EFAULT, depending on user's luck and
circumstances. These high-level APIs are meant to prevent such
unpleasant and hard to debug bugs.

This patch also adds bpf_map_delete_elem_flags() low-level API and
requires passing flags to bpf_map__delete_elem() API for consistency
across all similar APIs, even though currently kernel doesn't expect
any extra flags for BPF_MAP_DELETE_ELEM operation.

List of map operations that get these high-level APIs:

- bpf_map_lookup_elem;
- bpf_map_update_elem;
- bpf_map_delete_elem;
- bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_elem;
- bpf_map_get_next_key.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220512220713.2617964-1-andrii@kernel.org


# 129b9c5e 10-May-2022 Kui-Feng Lee <kuifeng@fb.com>

libbpf: Assign cookies to links in libbpf.

Add a cookie field to the attributes of bpf_link_create().
Add bpf_program__attach_trace_opts() to attach a cookie to a link.

Signed-off-by: Kui-Feng Lee <kuifeng@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220510205923.3206889-5-kuifeng@fb.com


# 8462e0b4 20-Apr-2022 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Teach bpf_link_create() to fallback to bpf_raw_tracepoint_open()

Teach bpf_link_create() to fallback to bpf_raw_tracepoint_open() on
older kernels for programs that are attachable through
BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT_OPEN. This makes bpf_link_create() more unified and
convenient interface for creating bpf_link-based attachments.

With this approach end users can just use bpf_link_create() for
tp_btf/fentry/fexit/fmod_ret/lsm program attachments without needing to
care about kernel support, as libbpf will handle this transparently. On
the other hand, as newer features (like BPF cookie) are added to
LINK_CREATE interface, they will be readily usable though the same
bpf_link_create() API without any major refactoring from user's
standpoint.

bpf_program__attach_btf_id() is now using bpf_link_create() internally
as well and will take advantaged of this unified interface when BPF
cookie is added for fentry/fexit.

Doing proactive feature detection of LINK_CREATE support for
fentry/tp_btf/etc is quite involved. It requires parsing vmlinux BTF,
determining some stable and guaranteed to be in all kernels versions
target BTF type (either raw tracepoint or fentry target function),
actually attaching this program and thus potentially affecting the
performance of the host kernel briefly, etc. So instead we are taking
much simpler "lazy" approach of falling back to
bpf_raw_tracepoint_open() call only if initial LINK_CREATE command
fails. For modern kernels this will mean zero added overhead, while
older kernels will incur minimal overhead with a single fast-failing
LINK_CREATE call.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Reviewed-by: Kui-Feng Lee <kuifeng@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220421033945.3602803-3-andrii@kernel.org


# 5117c26e 16-Mar-2022 Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add bpf_link_create support for multi kprobes

Adding new kprobe_multi struct to bpf_link_create_opts object
to pass multiple kprobe data to link_create attr uapi.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220316122419.933957-9-jolsa@kernel.org


# 24592ad1 09-Mar-2022 Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>

libbpf: Support batch_size option to bpf_prog_test_run

Add support for setting the new batch_size parameter to BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN
to libbpf; just add it as an option and pass it through to the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220309105346.100053-4-toke@redhat.com


# 04b6de64 05-Mar-2022 Guo Zhengkui <guozhengkui@vivo.com>

libbpf: Fix array_size.cocci warning

Fix the following coccicheck warning:
tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c:114:31-32: WARNING: Use ARRAY_SIZE
tools/lib/bpf/xsk.c:484:34-35: WARNING: Use ARRAY_SIZE
tools/lib/bpf/xsk.c:485:35-36: WARNING: Use ARRAY_SIZE

It has been tested with gcc (Debian 8.3.0-6) 8.3.0 on x86_64.

Signed-off-by: Guo Zhengkui <guozhengkui@vivo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220306023426.19324-1-guozhengkui@vivo.com


# d6c9c24e 07-Jan-2022 Christy Lee <christylee@fb.com>

libbpf: Rename bpf_prog_attach_xattr() to bpf_prog_attach_opts()

All xattr APIs are being dropped, let's converge to the convention used in
high-level APIs and rename bpf_prog_attach_xattr to bpf_prog_attach_opts.

Signed-off-by: Christy Lee <christylee@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220107184604.3668544-2-christylee@fb.com


# e59618f0 06-Jan-2022 Grant Seltzer <grantseltzer@gmail.com>

libbpf: Add documentation for bpf_map batch operations

This adds documention for:

- bpf_map_delete_batch()
- bpf_map_lookup_batch()
- bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_batch()
- bpf_map_update_batch()

This also updates the public API for the `keys` parameter
of `bpf_map_delete_batch()`, and both the
`keys` and `values` parameters of `bpf_map_update_batch()`
to be constants.

Signed-off-by: Grant Seltzer <grantseltzer@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220106201304.112675-1-grantseltzer@gmail.com


# e542f2c4 14-Dec-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Auto-bump RLIMIT_MEMLOCK if kernel needs it for BPF

The need to increase RLIMIT_MEMLOCK to do anything useful with BPF is
one of the first extremely frustrating gotchas that all new BPF users go
through and in some cases have to learn it a very hard way.

Luckily, starting with upstream Linux kernel version 5.11, BPF subsystem
dropped the dependency on memlock and uses memcg-based memory accounting
instead. Unfortunately, detecting memcg-based BPF memory accounting is
far from trivial (as can be evidenced by this patch), so in practice
most BPF applications still do unconditional RLIMIT_MEMLOCK increase.

As we move towards libbpf 1.0, it would be good to allow users to forget
about RLIMIT_MEMLOCK vs memcg and let libbpf do the sensible adjustment
automatically. This patch paves the way forward in this matter. Libbpf
will do feature detection of memcg-based accounting, and if detected,
will do nothing. But if the kernel is too old, just like BCC, libbpf
will automatically increase RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on behalf of user
application ([0]).

As this is technically a breaking change, during the transition period
applications have to opt into libbpf 1.0 mode by setting
LIBBPF_STRICT_AUTO_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK bit when calling
libbpf_set_strict_mode().

Libbpf allows to control the exact amount of set RLIMIT_MEMLOCK limit
with libbpf_set_memlock_rlim_max() API. Passing 0 will make libbpf do
nothing with RLIMIT_MEMLOCK. libbpf_set_memlock_rlim_max() has to be
called before the first bpf_prog_load(), bpf_btf_load(), or
bpf_object__load() call, otherwise it has no effect and will return
-EBUSY.

[0] Closes: https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf/issues/369

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211214195904.1785155-2-andrii@kernel.org


# 9fc205b4 10-Dec-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add sane strncpy alternative and use it internally

strncpy() has a notoriously error-prone semantics which makes GCC
complain about it a lot (and quite often completely completely falsely
at that). Instead of pleasing GCC all the time (-Wno-stringop-truncation
is unfortunately only supported by GCC, so it's a bit too messy to just
enable it in Makefile), add libbpf-internal libbpf_strlcpy() helper
which follows what FreeBSD's strlcpy() does and what most people would
expect from strncpy(): copies up to N-1 first bytes from source string
into destination string and ensures zero-termination afterwards.

Replace all the relevant uses of strncpy/strncat/memcpy in libbpf with
libbpf_strlcpy().

This also fixes the issue reported by Emmanuel Deloget in xsk.c where
memcpy() could access source string beyond its end.

Fixes: 2f6324a3937f8 (libbpf: Support shared umems between queues and devices)
Reported-by: Emmanuel Deloget <emmanuel.deloget@eho.link>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211211004043.2374068-1-andrii@kernel.org


# 0ed08d67 09-Dec-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add OPTS-based bpf_btf_load() API

Similar to previous bpf_prog_load() and bpf_map_create() APIs, add
bpf_btf_load() API which is taking optional OPTS struct. Schedule
bpf_load_btf() for deprecation in v0.8 ([0]).

This makes naming consistent with BPF_BTF_LOAD command, sets up an API
for extensibility in the future, moves options parameters (log-related
fields) into optional options, and also allows to pass log_level
directly.

It also removes log buffer auto-allocation logic from low-level API
(consistent with bpf_prog_load() behavior), but preserves a special
treatment of log_level == 0 with non-NULL log_buf, which matches
low-level bpf_prog_load() and high-level libbpf APIs for BTF and program
loading behaviors.

[0] Closes: https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf/issues/419

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211209193840.1248570-3-andrii@kernel.org


# 4cf23a3c 09-Dec-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Fix bpf_prog_load() log_buf logic for log_level 0

To unify libbpf APIs behavior w.r.t. log_buf and log_level, fix
bpf_prog_load() to follow the same logic as bpf_btf_load() and
high-level bpf_object__load() API will follow in the subsequent patches:
- if log_level is 0 and non-NULL log_buf is provided by a user, attempt
load operation initially with no log_buf and log_level set;
- if successful, we are done, return new FD;
- on error, retry the load operation with log_level bumped to 1 and
log_buf set; this way verbose logging will be requested only when we
are sure that there is a failure, but will be fast in the
common/expected success case.

Of course, user can still specify log_level > 0 from the very beginning
to force log collection.

Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211209193840.1248570-2-andrii@kernel.org


# e32cb12f 24-Nov-2021 Tiezhu Yang <yangtiezhu@loongson.cn>

bpf, mips: Fix build errors about __NR_bpf undeclared

Add the __NR_bpf definitions to fix the following build errors for mips:

$ cd tools/bpf/bpftool
$ make
[...]
bpf.c:54:4: error: #error __NR_bpf not defined. libbpf does not support your arch.
# error __NR_bpf not defined. libbpf does not support your arch.
^~~~~
bpf.c: In function ‘sys_bpf’:
bpf.c:66:17: error: ‘__NR_bpf’ undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean ‘__NR_brk’?
return syscall(__NR_bpf, cmd, attr, size);
^~~~~~~~
__NR_brk
[...]
In file included from gen_loader.c:15:0:
skel_internal.h: In function ‘skel_sys_bpf’:
skel_internal.h:53:17: error: ‘__NR_bpf’ undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean ‘__NR_brk’?
return syscall(__NR_bpf, cmd, attr, size);
^~~~~~~~
__NR_brk

We can see the following generated definitions:

$ grep -r "#define __NR_bpf" arch/mips
arch/mips/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd_o32.h:#define __NR_bpf (__NR_Linux + 355)
arch/mips/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd_n64.h:#define __NR_bpf (__NR_Linux + 315)
arch/mips/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd_n32.h:#define __NR_bpf (__NR_Linux + 319)

The __NR_Linux is defined in arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:

$ grep -r "#define __NR_Linux" arch/mips
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:#define __NR_Linux 4000
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:#define __NR_Linux 5000
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:#define __NR_Linux 6000

That is to say, __NR_bpf is:

4000 + 355 = 4355 for mips o32,
6000 + 319 = 6319 for mips n32,
5000 + 315 = 5315 for mips n64.

So use the GCC pre-defined macro _ABIO32, _ABIN32 and _ABI64 [1] to define
the corresponding __NR_bpf.

This patch is similar with commit bad1926dd2f6 ("bpf, s390: fix build for
libbpf and selftest suite").

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/git/?p=gcc.git;a=blob;f=gcc/config/mips/mips.h#l549

Signed-off-by: Tiezhu Yang <yangtiezhu@loongson.cn>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/1637804167-8323-1-git-send-email-yangtiezhu@loongson.cn


# 992c4225 24-Nov-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Unify low-level map creation APIs w/ new bpf_map_create()

Mark the entire zoo of low-level map creation APIs for deprecation in
libbpf 0.7 ([0]) and introduce a new bpf_map_create() API that is
OPTS-based (and thus future-proof) and matches the BPF_MAP_CREATE
command name.

While at it, ensure that gen_loader sends map_extra field. Also remove
now unneeded btf_key_type_id/btf_value_type_id logic that libbpf is
doing anyways.

[0] Closes: https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf/issues/282

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211124193233.3115996-2-andrii@kernel.org


# e32660ac 03-Nov-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Remove internal use of deprecated bpf_prog_load() variants

Remove all the internal uses of bpf_load_program_xattr(), which is
slated for deprecation in v0.7.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211103220845.2676888-5-andrii@kernel.org


# d10ef2b8 03-Nov-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Unify low-level BPF_PROG_LOAD APIs into bpf_prog_load()

Add a new unified OPTS-based low-level API for program loading,
bpf_prog_load() ([0]). bpf_prog_load() accepts few "mandatory"
parameters as input arguments (program type, name, license,
instructions) and all the other optional (as in not required to specify
for all types of BPF programs) fields into struct bpf_prog_load_opts.

This makes all the other non-extensible APIs variant for BPF_PROG_LOAD
obsolete and they are slated for deprecation in libbpf v0.7:
- bpf_load_program();
- bpf_load_program_xattr();
- bpf_verify_program().

Implementation-wise, internal helper libbpf__bpf_prog_load is refactored
to become a public bpf_prog_load() API. struct bpf_prog_load_params used
internally is replaced by public struct bpf_prog_load_opts.

Unfortunately, while conceptually all this is pretty straightforward,
the biggest complication comes from the already existing bpf_prog_load()
*high-level* API, which has nothing to do with BPF_PROG_LOAD command.

We try really hard to have a new API named bpf_prog_load(), though,
because it maps naturally to BPF_PROG_LOAD command.

For that, we rename old bpf_prog_load() into bpf_prog_load_deprecated()
and mark it as COMPAT_VERSION() for shared library users compiled
against old version of libbpf. Statically linked users and shared lib
users compiled against new version of libbpf headers will get "rerouted"
to bpf_prog_deprecated() through a macro helper that decides whether to
use new or old bpf_prog_load() based on number of input arguments (see
___libbpf_overload in libbpf_common.h).

To test that existing
bpf_prog_load()-using code compiles and works as expected, I've compiled
and ran selftests as is. I had to remove (locally) selftest/bpf/Makefile
-Dbpf_prog_load=bpf_prog_test_load hack because it was conflicting with
the macro-based overload approach. I don't expect anyone else to do
something like this in practice, though. This is testing-specific way to
replace bpf_prog_load() calls with special testing variant of it, which
adds extra prog_flags value. After testing I kept this selftests hack,
but ensured that we use a new bpf_prog_load_deprecated name for this.

This patch also marks bpf_prog_load() and bpf_prog_load_xattr() as deprecated.
bpf_object interface has to be used for working with struct bpf_program.
Libbpf doesn't support loading just a bpf_program.

The silver lining is that when we get to libbpf 1.0 all these
complication will be gone and we'll have one clean bpf_prog_load()
low-level API with no backwards compatibility hackery surrounding it.

[0] Closes: https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf/issues/284

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211103220845.2676888-4-andrii@kernel.org


# 45493cba 03-Nov-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Pass number of prog load attempts explicitly

Allow to control number of BPF_PROG_LOAD attempts from outside the
sys_bpf_prog_load() helper.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Dave Marchevsky <davemarchevsky@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211103220845.2676888-3-andrii@kernel.org


# 64165ddf 04-Nov-2021 Mehrdad Arshad Rad <arshad.rad@gmail.com>

libbpf: Fix lookup_and_delete_elem_flags error reporting

Fix bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_elem_flags() to pass the return code through
libbpf_err_errno() as we do similarly in bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_elem().

Fixes: f12b65432728 ("libbpf: Streamline error reporting for low-level APIs")
Signed-off-by: Mehrdad Arshad Rad <arshad.rad@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211104171354.11072-1-arshad.rad@gmail.com


# 549a6323 27-Oct-2021 Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>

libbpf: Ensure that BPF syscall fds are never 0, 1, or 2

Add a simple wrapper for passing an fd and getting a new one >= 3 if it
is one of 0, 1, or 2. There are two primary reasons to make this change:
First, libbpf relies on the assumption a certain BPF fd is never 0 (e.g.
most recently noticed in [0]). Second, Alexei pointed out in [1] that
some environments reset stdin, stdout, and stderr if they notice an
invalid fd at these numbers. To protect against both these cases, switch
all internal BPF syscall wrappers in libbpf to always return an fd >= 3.
We only need to modify the syscall wrappers and not other code that
assumes a valid fd by doing >= 0, to avoid pointless churn, and because
it is still a valid assumption. The cost paid is two additional syscalls
if fd is in range [0, 2].

[0]: e31eec77e4ab ("bpf: selftests: Fix fd cleanup in get_branch_snapshot")
[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/CAADnVQKVKY8o_3aU8Gzke443+uHa-eGoM0h7W4srChMXU1S4Bg@mail.gmail.com

Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211028063501.2239335-5-memxor@gmail.com


# 47512102 27-Oct-2021 Joanne Koong <joannekoong@fb.com>

libbpf: Add "map_extra" as a per-map-type extra flag

This patch adds the libbpf infrastructure for supporting a
per-map-type "map_extra" field, whose definition will be
idiosyncratic depending on map type.

For example, for the bloom filter map, the lower 4 bits of
map_extra is used to denote the number of hash functions.

Please note that until libbpf 1.0 is here, the
"bpf_create_map_params" struct is used as a temporary
means for propagating the map_extra field to the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Joanne Koong <joannekoong@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211027234504.30744-3-joannekoong@fb.com


# 9dbe6015 01-Oct-2021 Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>

libbpf: Support kernel module function calls

This patch adds libbpf support for kernel module function call support.
The fd_array parameter is used during BPF program load to pass module
BTFs referenced by the program. insn->off is set to index into this
array, but starts from 1, because insn->off as 0 is reserved for
btf_vmlinux.

We try to use existing insn->off for a module, since the kernel limits
the maximum distinct module BTFs for kfuncs to 256, and also because
index must never exceed the maximum allowed value that can fit in
insn->off (INT16_MAX). In the future, if kernel interprets signed offset
as unsigned for kfunc calls, this limit can be increased to UINT16_MAX.

Also introduce a btf__find_by_name_kind_own helper to start searching
from module BTF's start id when we know that the BTF ID is not present
in vmlinux BTF (in find_ksym_btf_id).

Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20211002011757.311265-7-memxor@gmail.com


# 3ec84f4b 15-Aug-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add bpf_cookie support to bpf_link_create() API

Add ability to specify bpf_cookie value when creating BPF perf link with
bpf_link_create() low-level API.

Given BPF_LINK_CREATE command is growing and keeps getting new fields that are
specific to the type of BPF_LINK, extend libbpf side of bpf_link_create() API
and corresponding OPTS struct to accomodate such changes. Add extra checks to
prevent using incompatible/unexpected combinations of fields.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20210815070609.987780-11-andrii@kernel.org


# f12b6543 24-May-2021 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Streamline error reporting for low-level APIs

Ensure that low-level APIs behave uniformly across the libbpf as follows:
- in case of an error, errno is always set to the correct error code;
- when libbpf 1.0 mode is enabled with LIBBPF_STRICT_DIRECT_ERRS option to
libbpf_set_strict_mode(), return -Exxx error value directly, instead of -1;
- by default, until libbpf 1.0 is released, keep returning -1 directly.

More context, justification, and discussion can be found in "Libbpf: the road
to v1.0" document ([0]).

[0] https://docs.google.com/document/d/1UyjTZuPFWiPFyKk1tV5an11_iaRuec6U-ZESZ54nNTY

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20210525035935.1461796-4-andrii@kernel.org


# d59b9f2d 11-May-2021 Denis Salopek <denis.salopek@sartura.hr>

bpf: Extend libbpf with bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_elem_flags

Add bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_elem_flags() libbpf API in order to use
the BPF_F_LOCK flag with the map_lookup_and_delete_elem() function.

Signed-off-by: Denis Salopek <denis.salopek@sartura.hr>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/15b05dafe46c7e0750d110f233977372029d1f62.1620763117.git.denis.salopek@sartura.hr


# 91abb4a6 03-Dec-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Support attachment of BPF tracing programs to kernel modules

Teach libbpf to search for BTF types in kernel modules for tracing BPF
programs. This allows attachment of raw_tp/fentry/fexit/fmod_ret/etc BPF
program types to tracepoints and functions in kernel modules.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20201203204634.1325171-13-andrii@kernel.org


# 6aef10a4 03-Dec-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>

libbpf: Factor out low-level BPF program loading helper

Refactor low-level API for BPF program loading to not rely on public API
types. This allows painless extension without constant efforts to cleverly not
break backwards compatibility.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20201203204634.1325171-12-andrii@kernel.org


# d6d418bd 02-Dec-2020 Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>

libbpf: Cap retries in sys_bpf_prog_load

I've seen a situation, where a process that's under pprof constantly
generates SIGPROF which prevents program loading indefinitely.
The right thing to do probably is to disable signals in the upper
layers while loading, but it still would be nice to get some error from
libbpf instead of an endless loop.

Let's add some small retry limit to the program loading:
try loading the program 5 (arbitrary) times and give up.

v2:
* 10 -> 5 retires (Andrii Nakryiko)

Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20201202231332.3923644-1-sdf@google.com


# a5359091 29-Sep-2020 Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>

libbpf: Add support for freplace attachment in bpf_link_create

This adds support for supplying a target btf ID for the bpf_link_create()
operation, and adds a new bpf_program__attach_freplace() high-level API for
attaching freplace functions with a target.

Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/160138355387.48470.18026176785351166890.stgit@toke.dk


# b8604247 25-Sep-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Remove assumption of single contiguous memory for BTF data

Refactor internals of struct btf to remove assumptions that BTF header, type
data, and string data are layed out contiguously in a memory in a single
memory allocation. Now we have three separate pointers pointing to the start
of each respective are: header, types, strings. In the next patches, these
pointers will be re-assigned to point to independently allocated memory areas,
if BTF needs to be modified.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200926011357.2366158-3-andriin@fb.com


# 88f7fe72 25-Sep-2020 Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>

libbpf: Support test run of raw tracepoint programs

Add bpf_prog_test_run_opts() with support of new fields in bpf_attr.test,
namely, flags and cpu. Also extend _opts operations to support outputs via
opts.

Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200925205432.1777-3-songliubraving@fb.com


# 5d23328d 15-Sep-2020 YiFei Zhu <zhuyifei@google.com>

libbpf: Add BPF_PROG_BIND_MAP syscall and use it on .rodata section

The patch adds a simple wrapper bpf_prog_bind_map around the syscall.
When the libbpf tries to load a program, it will probe the kernel for
the support of this syscall and unconditionally bind .rodata section
to the program.

Signed-off-by: YiFei Zhu <zhuyifei@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: YiFei Zhu <zhuyifei1999@gmail.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200915234543.3220146-4-sdf@google.com


# 85367030 18-Aug-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Centralize poisoning and poison reallocarray()

Most of libbpf source files already include libbpf_internal.h, so it's a good
place to centralize identifier poisoning. So move kernel integer type
poisoning there. And also add reallocarray to a poison list to prevent
accidental use of it. libbpf_reallocarray() should be used universally
instead.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200819013607.3607269-4-andriin@fb.com


# 74fc097d 04-Aug-2020 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: Support new uapi for map element bpf iterator

Previous commit adjusted kernel uapi for map
element bpf iterator. This patch adjusted libbpf API
due to uapi change. bpftool and bpf_iter selftests
are also changed accordingly.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200805055058.1457623-1-yhs@fb.com


# 2e49527e 31-Jul-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Add bpf_link detach APIs

Add low-level bpf_link_detach() API. Also add higher-level bpf_link__detach()
one.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200731182830.286260-3-andriin@fb.com


# cd31039a 23-Jul-2020 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/libbpf: Add support for bpf map element iterator

Add map_fd to bpf_iter_attach_opts and flags to
bpf_link_create_opts. Later on, bpftool or selftest
will be able to create a bpf map element iterator
by passing map_fd to the kernel during link
creation time.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200723184117.590673-1-yhs@fb.com


# c09add2f 09-May-2020 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/libbpf: Add bpf_iter support

Two new libbpf APIs are added to support bpf_iter:
- bpf_program__attach_iter
Given a bpf program and additional parameters, which is
none now, returns a bpf_link.
- bpf_iter_create
syscall level API to create a bpf iterator.

The macro BPF_SEQ_PRINTF are also introduced. The format
looks like:
BPF_SEQ_PRINTF(seq, "task id %d\n", pid);

This macro can help bpf program writers with
nicer bpf_seq_printf syntax similar to the kernel one.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200509175917.2476936-1-yhs@fb.com


# 0bee1067 30-Apr-2020 Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>

libbpf: Add support for command BPF_ENABLE_STATS

bpf_enable_stats() is added to enable given stats.

Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200430071506.1408910-3-songliubraving@fb.com


# 0dbc8668 28-Apr-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Add low-level APIs for new bpf_link commands

Add low-level API calls for bpf_link_get_next_id() and
bpf_link_get_fd_by_id().

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200429001614.1544-6-andriin@fb.com


# cc4f864b 29-Mar-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Add support for bpf_link-based cgroup attachment

Add bpf_program__attach_cgroup(), which uses BPF_LINK_CREATE subcommand to
create an FD-based kernel bpf_link. Also add low-level bpf_link_create() API.

If expected_attach_type is not specified explicitly with
bpf_program__set_expected_attach_type(), libbpf will try to determine proper
attach type from BPF program's section definition.

Also add support for bpf_link's underlying BPF program replacement:
- unconditional through high-level bpf_link__update_program() API;
- cmpxchg-like with specifying expected current BPF program through
low-level bpf_link_update() API.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200330030001.2312810-4-andriin@fb.com


# 1e092a03 28-Mar-2020 KP Singh <kpsingh@google.com>

tools/libbpf: Add support for BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM

Since BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM uses the same attaching mechanism as
BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACING, the common logic is refactored into a static
function bpf_program__attach_btf_id.

A new API call bpf_program__attach_lsm is still added to avoid userspace
conflicts if this ever changes in the future.

Signed-off-by: KP Singh <kpsingh@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Reviewed-by: Brendan Jackman <jackmanb@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Florent Revest <revest@google.com>
Reviewed-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200329004356.27286-7-kpsingh@chromium.org


# 2db6eab1 20-Jan-2020 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add support for program extensions

Add minimal support for program extensions. bpf_object_open_opts() needs to be
called with attach_prog_fd = target_prog_fd and BPF program extension needs to
have in .c file section definition like SEC("freplace/func_to_be_replaced").
libbpf will search for "func_to_be_replaced" in the target_prog_fd's BTF and
will pass it in attach_btf_id to the kernel. This approach works for tests, but
more compex use case may need to request function name (and attach_btf_id that
kernel sees) to be more dynamic. Such API will be added in future patches.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200121005348.2769920-3-ast@kernel.org


# 858e284f 15-Jan-2020 Brian Vazquez <brianvv@google.com>

libbpf: Fix unneeded extra initialization in bpf_map_batch_common

bpf_attr doesn't required to be declared with '= {}' as memset is used
in the code.

Fixes: 2ab3d86ea1859 ("libbpf: Add libbpf support to batch ops")
Reported-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Brian Vazquez <brianvv@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200116045918.75597-1-brianvv@google.com


# 2ab3d86e 15-Jan-2020 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

libbpf: Add libbpf support to batch ops

Added four libbpf API functions to support map batch operations:
. int bpf_map_delete_batch( ... )
. int bpf_map_lookup_batch( ... )
. int bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_batch( ... )
. int bpf_map_update_batch( ... )

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200115184308.162644-8-brianvv@google.com


# 1d1a3bcf 10-Jan-2020 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Poison kernel-only integer types

It's been a recurring issue with types like u32 slipping into libbpf source
code accidentally. This is not detected during builds inside kernel source
tree, but becomes a compilation error in libbpf's Github repo. Libbpf is
supposed to use only __{s,u}{8,16,32,64} typedefs, so poison {s,u}{8,16,32,64}
explicitly in every .c file. Doing that in a bit more centralized way, e.g.,
inside libbpf_internal.h breaks selftests, which are both using kernel u32 and
libbpf_internal.h.

This patch also fixes a new u32 occurence in libbpf.c, added recently.

Fixes: 590a00888250 ("bpf: libbpf: Add STRUCT_OPS support")
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200110181916.271446-1-andriin@fb.com


# 590a0088 08-Jan-2020 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: libbpf: Add STRUCT_OPS support

This patch adds BPF STRUCT_OPS support to libbpf.

The only sec_name convention is SEC(".struct_ops") to identify the
struct_ops implemented in BPF,
e.g. To implement a tcp_congestion_ops:

SEC(".struct_ops")
struct tcp_congestion_ops dctcp = {
.init = (void *)dctcp_init, /* <-- a bpf_prog */
/* ... some more func prts ... */
.name = "bpf_dctcp",
};

Each struct_ops is defined as a global variable under SEC(".struct_ops")
as above. libbpf creates a map for each variable and the variable name
is the map's name. Multiple struct_ops is supported under
SEC(".struct_ops").

In the bpf_object__open phase, libbpf will look for the SEC(".struct_ops")
section and find out what is the btf-type the struct_ops is
implementing. Note that the btf-type here is referring to
a type in the bpf_prog.o's btf. A "struct bpf_map" is added
by bpf_object__add_map() as other maps do. It will then
collect (through SHT_REL) where are the bpf progs that the
func ptrs are referring to. No btf_vmlinux is needed in
the open phase.

In the bpf_object__load phase, the map-fields, which depend
on the btf_vmlinux, are initialized (in bpf_map__init_kern_struct_ops()).
It will also set the prog->type, prog->attach_btf_id, and
prog->expected_attach_type. Thus, the prog's properties do
not rely on its section name.
[ Currently, the bpf_prog's btf-type ==> btf_vmlinux's btf-type matching
process is as simple as: member-name match + btf-kind match + size match.
If these matching conditions fail, libbpf will reject.
The current targeting support is "struct tcp_congestion_ops" which
most of its members are function pointers.
The member ordering of the bpf_prog's btf-type can be different from
the btf_vmlinux's btf-type. ]

Then, all obj->maps are created as usual (in bpf_object__create_maps()).

Once the maps are created and prog's properties are all set,
the libbpf will proceed to load all the progs.

bpf_map__attach_struct_ops() is added to register a struct_ops
map to a kernel subsystem.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200109003514.3856730-1-kafai@fb.com


# cdbee383 19-Dec-2019 Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com>

libbpf: Introduce bpf_prog_attach_xattr

Introduce a new bpf_prog_attach_xattr function that, in addition to
program fd, target fd and attach type, accepts an extendable struct
bpf_prog_attach_opts.

bpf_prog_attach_opts relies on DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS macro to maintain
backward and forward compatibility and has the following "optional"
attach attributes:

* existing attach_flags, since it's not required when attaching in NONE
mode. Even though it's quite often used in MULTI and OVERRIDE mode it
seems to be a good idea to reduce number of arguments to
bpf_prog_attach_xattr;

* newly introduced attribute of BPF_PROG_ATTACH command: replace_prog_fd
that is fd of previously attached cgroup-bpf program to replace if
BPF_F_REPLACE flag is used.

The new function is named to be consistent with other xattr-functions
(bpf_prog_test_run_xattr, bpf_create_map_xattr, bpf_load_program_xattr).

The struct bpf_prog_attach_opts is supposed to be used with
DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS macro.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/bd6e0732303eb14e4b79cb128268d9e9ad6db208.1576741281.git.rdna@fb.com


# e7bf94db 14-Nov-2019 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add support for attaching BPF programs to other BPF programs

Extend libbpf api to pass attach_prog_fd into bpf_object__open.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191114185720.1641606-19-ast@kernel.org


# 4ee11356 06-Nov-2019 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: Fix potential overflow issue

Fix a potential overflow issue found by LGTM analysis, based on Github libbpf
source code.

Fixes: 3d65014146c6 ("bpf: libbpf: Add btf_line_info support to libbpf")
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191107020855.3834758-3-andriin@fb.com


# 12a8654b 30-Oct-2019 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: Add support for prog_tracing

Cleanup libbpf from expected_attach_type == attach_btf_id hack
and introduce BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACING.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191030223212.953010-3-ast@kernel.org


# f75a697e 15-Oct-2019 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: Auto-detect btf_id of BTF-based raw_tracepoints

It's a responsiblity of bpf program author to annotate the program
with SEC("tp_btf/name") where "name" is a valid raw tracepoint.
The libbpf will try to find "name" in vmlinux BTF and error out
in case vmlinux BTF is not available or "name" is not found.
If "name" is indeed a valid raw tracepoint then in-kernel BTF
will have "btf_trace_##name" typedef that points to function
prototype of that raw tracepoint. BTF description captures
exact argument the kernel C code is passing into raw tracepoint.
The kernel verifier will check the types while loading bpf program.

libbpf keeps BTF type id in expected_attach_type, but since
kernel ignores this attribute for tracing programs copy it
into attach_btf_id attribute before loading.

Later the kernel will use prog->attach_btf_id to select raw tracepoint
during bpf_raw_tracepoint_open syscall command.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191016032505.2089704-6-ast@kernel.org


# 09d7c2e3 20-Aug-2019 Quentin Monnet <quentin@isovalent.com>

libbpf: add bpf_btf_get_next_id() to cycle through BTF objects

Add an API function taking a BTF object id and providing the id of the
next BTF object in the kernel. This can be used to list all BTF objects
loaded on the system.

v2:
- Rebase on top of Andrii's changes regarding libbpf versioning.

Signed-off-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com>
Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# a6e130c4 20-Aug-2019 Quentin Monnet <quentin@isovalent.com>

libbpf: refactor bpf_*_get_next_id() functions

In preparation for the introduction of a similar function for retrieving
the id of the next BTF object, consolidate the code from
bpf_prog_get_next_id() and bpf_map_get_next_id() in libbpf.

Signed-off-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com>
Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# d7fe74f9 17-Jun-2019 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

libbpf: add common min/max macro to libbpf_internal.h

Multiple files in libbpf redefine their own definitions for min/max.
Let's define them in libbpf_internal.h and use those everywhere.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 04656198 24-May-2019 Jiong Wang <jiong.wang@netronome.com>

libbpf: add "prog_flags" to bpf_program/bpf_prog_load_attr/bpf_load_program_attr

libbpf doesn't allow passing "prog_flags" during bpf program load in a
couple of load related APIs, "bpf_load_program_xattr", "load_program" and
"bpf_prog_load_xattr".

It makes sense to allow passing "prog_flags" which is useful for
customizing program loading.

Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiong Wang <jiong.wang@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# ca31ca82 02-May-2019 Vineet Gupta <Vineet.Gupta1@synopsys.com>

tools/bpf: fix perf build error with uClibc (seen on ARC)

When build perf for ARC recently, there was a build failure due to lack
of __NR_bpf.

| Auto-detecting system features:
|
| ... get_cpuid: [ OFF ]
| ... bpf: [ on ]
|
| # error __NR_bpf not defined. libbpf does not support your arch.
^~~~~
| bpf.c: In function 'sys_bpf':
| bpf.c:66:17: error: '__NR_bpf' undeclared (first use in this function)
| return syscall(__NR_bpf, cmd, attr, size);
| ^~~~~~~~
| sys_bpf

Signed-off-by: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 5e903c65 09-Apr-2019 Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>

libbpf: add support for ctx_{size, }_{in, out} in BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN

Support recently introduced input/output context for test runs.
We extend only bpf_prog_test_run_xattr. bpf_prog_test_run is
unextendable and left as is.

Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 69a0f9ec 09-Apr-2019 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

bpf, bpftool: fix a few ubsan warnings

The issue is reported at https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf/issues/28.

Basically, per C standard, for
void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n)
if "dest" or "src" is NULL, regardless of whether "n" is 0 or not,
the result of memcpy is undefined. clang ubsan reported three such
instances in bpf.c with the following pattern:
memcpy(dest, 0, 0).

Although in practice, no known compiler will cause issues when
copy size is 0. Let us still fix the issue to silence ubsan
warnings.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# d859900c 09-Apr-2019 Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>

bpf, libbpf: support global data/bss/rodata sections

This work adds BPF loader support for global data sections
to libbpf. This allows to write BPF programs in more natural
C-like way by being able to define global variables and const
data.

Back at LPC 2018 [0] we presented a first prototype which
implemented support for global data sections by extending BPF
syscall where union bpf_attr would get additional memory/size
pair for each section passed during prog load in order to later
add this base address into the ldimm64 instruction along with
the user provided offset when accessing a variable. Consensus
from LPC was that for proper upstream support, it would be
more desirable to use maps instead of bpf_attr extension as
this would allow for introspection of these sections as well
as potential live updates of their content. This work follows
this path by taking the following steps from loader side:

1) In bpf_object__elf_collect() step we pick up ".data",
".rodata", and ".bss" section information.

2) If present, in bpf_object__init_internal_map() we add
maps to the obj's map array that corresponds to each
of the present sections. Given section size and access
properties can differ, a single entry array map is
created with value size that is corresponding to the
ELF section size of .data, .bss or .rodata. These
internal maps are integrated into the normal map
handling of libbpf such that when user traverses all
obj maps, they can be differentiated from user-created
ones via bpf_map__is_internal(). In later steps when
we actually create these maps in the kernel via
bpf_object__create_maps(), then for .data and .rodata
sections their content is copied into the map through
bpf_map_update_elem(). For .bss this is not necessary
since array map is already zero-initialized by default.
Additionally, for .rodata the map is frozen as read-only
after setup, such that neither from program nor syscall
side writes would be possible.

3) In bpf_program__collect_reloc() step, we record the
corresponding map, insn index, and relocation type for
the global data.

4) And last but not least in the actual relocation step in
bpf_program__relocate(), we mark the ldimm64 instruction
with src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE where in the first
imm field the map's file descriptor is stored as similarly
done as in BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD, and in the second imm field
(as ldimm64 is 2-insn wide) we store the access offset
into the section. Given these maps have only single element
ldimm64's off remains zero in both parts.

5) On kernel side, this special marked BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE
load will then store the actual target address in order
to have a 'map-lookup'-free access. That is, the actual
map value base address + offset. The destination register
in the verifier will then be marked as PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE,
containing the fixed offset as reg->off and backing BPF
map as reg->map_ptr. Meaning, it's treated as any other
normal map value from verification side, only with
efficient, direct value access instead of actual call to
map lookup helper as in the typical case.

Currently, only support for static global variables has been
added, and libbpf rejects non-static global variables from
loading. This can be lifted until we have proper semantics
for how BPF will treat multi-object BPF loads. From BTF side,
libbpf will set the value type id of the types corresponding
to the ".bss", ".data" and ".rodata" names which LLVM will
emit without the object name prefix. The key type will be
left as zero, thus making use of the key-less BTF option in
array maps.

Simple example dump of program using globals vars in each
section:

# bpftool prog
[...]
6784: sched_cls name load_static_dat tag a7e1291567277844 gpl
loaded_at 2019-03-11T15:39:34+0000 uid 0
xlated 1776B jited 993B memlock 4096B map_ids 2238,2237,2235,2236,2239,2240

# bpftool map show id 2237
2237: array name test_glo.bss flags 0x0
key 4B value 64B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B
# bpftool map show id 2235
2235: array name test_glo.data flags 0x0
key 4B value 64B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B
# bpftool map show id 2236
2236: array name test_glo.rodata flags 0x80
key 4B value 96B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B

# bpftool prog dump xlated id 6784
int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff * skb):
; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb)
0: (b7) r6 = 0
; test_reloc(number, 0, &num0);
1: (63) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = r6
2: (bf) r2 = r10
; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb)
3: (07) r2 += -4
; test_reloc(number, 0, &num0);
4: (18) r1 = map[id:2238]
6: (18) r3 = map[id:2237][0]+0 <-- direct addr in .bss area
8: (b7) r4 = 0
9: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464
10: (b7) r1 = 1
; test_reloc(number, 1, &num1);
[...]
; test_reloc(string, 2, str2);
120: (18) r8 = map[id:2237][0]+16 <-- same here at offset +16
122: (18) r1 = map[id:2239]
124: (18) r3 = map[id:2237][0]+16
126: (b7) r4 = 0
127: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464
128: (b7) r1 = 120
; str1[5] = 'x';
129: (73) *(u8 *)(r9 +5) = r1
; test_reloc(string, 3, str1);
130: (b7) r1 = 3
131: (63) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = r1
132: (b7) r9 = 3
133: (bf) r2 = r10
; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb)
134: (07) r2 += -4
; test_reloc(string, 3, str1);
135: (18) r1 = map[id:2239]
137: (18) r3 = map[id:2235][0]+16 <-- direct addr in .data area
139: (b7) r4 = 0
140: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464
141: (b7) r1 = 111
; __builtin_memcpy(&str2[2], "hello", sizeof("hello"));
142: (73) *(u8 *)(r8 +6) = r1 <-- further access based on .bss data
143: (b7) r1 = 108
144: (73) *(u8 *)(r8 +5) = r1
[...]

For Cilium use-case in particular, this enables migrating configuration
constants from Cilium daemon's generated header defines into global
data sections such that expensive runtime recompilations with LLVM can
be avoided altogether. Instead, the ELF file becomes effectively a
"template", meaning, it is compiled only once (!) and the Cilium daemon
will then rewrite relevant configuration data from the ELF's .data or
.rodata sections directly instead of recompiling the program. The
updated ELF is then loaded into the kernel and atomically replaces
the existing program in the networking datapath. More info in [0].

Based upon recent fix in LLVM, commit c0db6b6bd444 ("[BPF] Don't fail
for static variables").

[0] LPC 2018, BPF track, "ELF relocation for static data in BPF",
http://vger.kernel.org/lpc-bpf2018.html#session-3

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# da11b417 01-Apr-2019 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: teach libbpf about log_level bit 2

Allow bpf_prog_load_xattr() to specify log_level for program loading.

Teach libbpf to accept log_level with bit 2 set.

Increase default BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE from 256k to 16M.
There is no downside to increase it to a maximum allowed by old kernels.
Existing 256k limit caused ENOSPC errors and users were not able to see
verifier error which is printed at the end of the verifier log.

If ENOSPC is hit, double the verifier log and try again to capture
the verifier error.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 1ad9cbb8 13-Feb-2019 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

tools/bpf: replace bzero with memset

bzero() call is deprecated and superseded by memset().

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Reported-by: David Laight <david.laight@aculab.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# a4021a35 07-Feb-2019 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: add log_level to bpf_load_program_attr

The kernel verifier has three levels of logs:
0: no logs
1: logs mostly useful
> 1: verbose

Current libbpf API functions bpf_load_program_xattr() and
bpf_load_program() cannot specify log_level.
The bcc, however, provides an interface for user to
specify log_level 2 for verbose output.

This patch added log_level into structure
bpf_load_program_attr, so users, including bcc, can use
bpf_load_program_xattr() to change log_level. The
supported log_level is 0, 1, and 2.

The bpf selftest test_sock.c is modified to enable log_level = 2.
If the "verbose" in test_sock.c is changed to true,
the test will output logs like below:
$ ./test_sock
func#0 @0
0: R1=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R10=fp0,call_-1
0: (bf) r6 = r1
1: R1=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R6_w=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R10=fp0,call_-1
1: (61) r7 = *(u32 *)(r6 +28)
invalid bpf_context access off=28 size=4

Test case: bind4 load with invalid access: src_ip6 .. [PASS]
...
Test case: bind6 allow all .. [PASS]
Summary: 16 PASSED, 0 FAILED

Some test_sock tests are negative tests and verbose verifier
log will be printed out as shown in the above.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 62b8cea6 07-Feb-2019 Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

tools/bpf: add missing strings.h include

Few files in libbpf are using bzero() function (defined in strings.h header), but
don't include corresponding header. When libbpf is added as a dependency to pahole,
this undeterministically causes warnings on some machines:

bpf.c:225:2: warning: implicit declaration of function 'bzero' [-Wimplicit-function-declaration]
bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
^~~~~

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Reported-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# df5d22fa 31-Jan-2019 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: introduce bpf_map_lookup_elem_flags()

Introduce
int bpf_map_lookup_elem_flags(int fd, const void *key, void *value, __u64 flags)
helper to lookup array/hash/cgroup_local_storage elements with BPF_F_LOCK flag.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 86edaed3 08-Jan-2019 Lorenz Bauer <lmb@cloudflare.com>

bpf: libbpf: retry loading program on EAGAIN

Commit c3494801cd17 ("bpf: check pending signals while
verifying programs") makes it possible for the BPF_PROG_LOAD
to fail with EAGAIN. Retry unconditionally in this case.

Fixes: c3494801cd17 ("bpf: check pending signals while verifying programs")
Signed-off-by: Lorenz Bauer <lmb@cloudflare.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 3d650141 07-Dec-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: libbpf: Add btf_line_info support to libbpf

This patch adds bpf_line_info support to libbpf:
1) Parsing the line_info sec from ".BTF.ext"
2) Relocating the line_info. If the main prog *_info relocation
fails, it will ignore the remaining subprog line_info and continue.
If the subprog *_info relocation fails, it will bail out.
3) BPF_PROG_LOAD a prog with line_info

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# f0187f0b 07-Dec-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: libbpf: Refactor and bug fix on the bpf_func_info loading logic

This patch refactor and fix a bug in the libbpf's bpf_func_info loading
logic. The bug fix and refactoring are targeting the same
commit 2993e0515bb4 ("tools/bpf: add support to read .BTF.ext sections")
which is in the bpf-next branch.

1) In bpf_load_program_xattr(), it should retry when errno == E2BIG
regardless of log_buf and log_buf_sz. This patch fixes it.

2) btf_ext__reloc_init() and btf_ext__reloc() are essentially
the same except btf_ext__reloc_init() always has insns_cnt == 0.
Hence, btf_ext__reloc_init() is removed.

btf_ext__reloc() is also renamed to btf_ext__reloc_func_info()
to get ready for the line_info support in the next patch.

3) Consolidate func_info section logic from "btf_ext_parse_hdr()",
"btf_ext_validate_func_info()" and "btf_ext__new()" to
a new function "btf_ext_copy_func_info()" such that similar
logic can be reused by the later libbpf's line_info patch.

4) The next line_info patch will store line_info_cnt instead of
line_info_len in the bpf_program because the kernel is taking
line_info_cnt also. It will save a few "len" to "cnt" conversions
and will also save some function args.

Hence, this patch also makes bpf_program to store func_info_cnt
instead of func_info_len.

5) btf_ext depends on btf. e.g. the func_info's type_id
in ".BTF.ext" is not useful when ".BTF" is absent.
This patch only init the obj->btf_ext pointer after
it has successfully init the obj->btf pointer.

This can avoid always checking "obj->btf && obj->btf_ext"
together for accessing ".BTF.ext". Checking "obj->btf_ext"
alone will do.

6) Move "struct btf_sec_func_info" from btf.h to btf.c.
There is no external usage outside btf.c.

Fixes: 2993e0515bb4 ("tools/bpf: add support to read .BTF.ext sections")
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 64a97591 03-Dec-2018 Lorenz Bauer <lmb@cloudflare.com>

libbpf: add bpf_prog_test_run_xattr

Add a new function, which encourages safe usage of the test interface.
bpf_prog_test_run continues to work as before, but should be considered
unsafe.

Signed-off-by: Lorenz Bauer <lmb@cloudflare.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# e9ee9efc 30-Nov-2018 David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

bpf: Add BPF_F_ANY_ALIGNMENT.

Often we want to write tests cases that check things like bad context
offset accesses. And one way to do this is to use an odd offset on,
for example, a 32-bit load.

This unfortunately triggers the alignment checks first on platforms
that do not set CONFIG_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS. So the test
case see the alignment failure rather than what it was testing for.

It is often not completely possible to respect the original intention
of the test, or even test the same exact thing, while solving the
alignment issue.

Another option could have been to check the alignment after the
context and other validations are performed by the verifier, but
that is a non-trivial change to the verifier.

Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 94cb310c 20-Nov-2018 Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>

bpf: libbpf: remove map name retry from bpf_create_map_xattr

Instead, check for a newly created caps.name bpf_object capability.
If kernel doesn't support names, don't specify the attribute.

See commit 23499442c319 ("bpf: libbpf: retry map creation without
the name") for rationale.

Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 2993e051 19-Nov-2018 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: add support to read .BTF.ext sections

The .BTF section is already available to encode types.
These types can be used for map
pretty print. The whole .BTF will be passed to the
kernel as well for which kernel can verify and return
to the user space for pretty print etc.

The llvm patch at https://reviews.llvm.org/D53736
will generate .BTF section and one more section .BTF.ext.
The .BTF.ext section encodes function type
information and line information. Note that
this patch set only supports function type info.
The functionality is implemented in libbpf.

The .BTF section can be directly loaded into the
kernel, and the .BTF.ext section cannot. The loader
may need to do some relocation and merging,
similar to merging multiple code sections, before
loading into the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 7e0d0fb5 19-Nov-2018 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: add new fields for program load in lib/bpf

The new fields are added for program load in lib/bpf so
application uses api bpf_load_program_xattr() is able
to load program with btf and func_info data.

This functionality will be used in next patch
by bpf selftest test_btf.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 23499442 19-Nov-2018 Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>

bpf: libbpf: retry map creation without the name

Since commit 88cda1c9da02 ("bpf: libbpf: Provide basic API support
to specify BPF obj name"), libbpf unconditionally sets bpf_attr->name
for maps. Pre v4.14 kernels don't know about map names and return an
error about unexpected non-zero data. Retry sys_bpf without a map
name to cover older kernels.

v2 changes:
* check for errno == EINVAL as suggested by Daniel Borkmann

Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 43b987d2 18-Oct-2018 Mauricio Vasquez B <mauricio.vasquez@polito.it>

selftests/bpf: add test cases for queue and stack maps

test_maps:
Tests that queue/stack maps are behaving correctly even in corner cases

test_progs:
Tests new ebpf helpers

Signed-off-by: Mauricio Vasquez B <mauricio.vasquez@polito.it>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 1bc38b8f 05-Oct-2018 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: relicense libbpf as LGPL-2.1 OR BSD-2-Clause

libbpf is maturing as a library and gaining features that no other bpf libraries support
(BPF Type Format, bpf to bpf calls, etc)
Many Apache2 licensed projects (like bcc, bpftrace, gobpf, cilium, etc)
would like to use libbpf, but cannot do this yet, since Apache Foundation explicitly
states that LGPL is incompatible with Apache2.
Hence let's relicense libbpf as dual license LGPL-2.1 or BSD-2-Clause,
since BSD-2 is compatible with Apache2.
Dual LGPL or Apache2 is invalid combination.
Fix license mistake in Makefile as well.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com>
Acked-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: David Beckett <david.beckett@netronome.com>
Acked-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Acked-by: Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com>
Acked-by: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# f7010770 05-Sep-2018 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: move bpf/lib netlink related functions into a new file

There are no functionality change for this patch.

In the subsequent patches, more netlink related library functions
will be added and a separate file is better than cluttering bpf.c.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 91134d84 08-Aug-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: Test BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_REUSEPORT

This patch add tests for the new BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_REUSEPORT.

The tests cover:
- IPv4/IPv6 + TCP/UDP
- TCP syncookie
- TCP fastopen
- Cases when the bpf_sk_select_reuseport() returning errors
- Cases when the bpf prog returns SK_DROP
- Values from sk_reuseport_md
- outer_map => reuseport_array

The test depends on
commit 3eee1f75f2b9 ("bpf: fix bpf_skb_load_bytes_relative pkt length check")

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 30687ad9 24-May-2018 Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>

tools/bpf: sync kernel header bpf.h and add bpf_task_fd_query in libbpf

Sync kernel header bpf.h to tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h and
implement bpf_task_fd_query() in libbpf. The test programs
in samples/bpf and tools/testing/selftests/bpf, and later bpftool
will use this libbpf function to query kernel.

Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 61746dbe 22-May-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: btf: Add tests for the btf uapi changes

This patch does the followings:
1. Modify libbpf and test_btf to reflect the uapi changes in btf
2. Add test for the btf_header changes
3. Add tests for array->index_type
4. Add err_str check to the tests
5. Fix a 4 bytes hole in "struct test #1" by swapping "m" and "n"

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# f0307a7e 16-May-2018 David Beckett <david.beckett@netronome.com>

libbpf: add ifindex to enable offload support

BPF programs currently can only be offloaded using iproute2. This
patch will allow programs to be offloaded using libbpf calls.

Signed-off-by: David Beckett <david.beckett@netronome.com>
Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# cd8b8928 04-May-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: btf: Tests for BPF_OBJ_GET_INFO_BY_FD and BPF_BTF_GET_FD_BY_ID

This patch adds test for BPF_BTF_GET_FD_BY_ID and the new
btf_id/btf_key_id/btf_value_id in the "struct bpf_map_info".

It also modifies the existing BPF_OBJ_GET_INFO_BY_FD test
to reflect the new "struct bpf_btf_info".

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 8a138aed 18-Apr-2018 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: btf: Add BTF support to libbpf

If the ".BTF" elf section exists, libbpf will try to create
a btf_fd (through BPF_BTF_LOAD). If that fails, it will still
continue loading the bpf prog/map without the BTF.

If the bpf_object has a BTF loaded, it will create a map with the btf_fd.
libbpf will try to figure out the btf_key_id and btf_value_id of a map by
finding the BTF type with name "<map_name>_key" and "<map_name>_value".
If they cannot be found, it will continue without using the BTF.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# d7be143b 30-Mar-2018 Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com>

libbpf: Support expected_attach_type at prog load

Support setting `expected_attach_type` at prog load time in both
`bpf/bpf.h` and `bpf/libbpf.h`.

Since both headers already have API to load programs, new functions are
added not to break backward compatibility for existing ones:
* `bpf_load_program_xattr()` is added to `bpf/bpf.h`;
* `bpf_prog_load_xattr()` is added to `bpf/libbpf.h`.

Both new functions accept structures, `struct bpf_load_program_attr` and
`struct bpf_prog_load_attr` correspondingly, where new fields can be
added in the future w/o changing the API.

Standard `_xattr` suffix is used to name the new API functions.

Since `bpf_load_program_name()` is not used as heavily as
`bpf_load_program()`, it was removed in favor of more generic
`bpf_load_program_xattr()`.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# a0fe3e57 28-Mar-2018 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: add bpf_raw_tracepoint_open helper

add bpf_raw_tracepoint_open(const char *name, int prog_fd) api to libbpf

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 6061a3d6 30-Jan-2018 Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>

libbpf: add missing SPDX-License-Identifier

Signed-off-by: Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# bbf48c18 30-Jan-2018 Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>

libbpf: add error reporting in XDP

Parse netlink ext attribute to get the error message returned by
the card. Code is partially take from libnl.

We add netlink.h to the uapi include of tools. And we need to
avoid include of userspace netlink header to have a successful
build of sample so nlattr.h has a define to avoid
the inclusion. Using a direct define could have been an issue
as NLMSGERR_ATTR_MAX can change in the future.

We also define SOL_NETLINK if not defined to avoid to have to
copy socket.h for a fixed value.

Signed-off-by: Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 949abbe8 30-Jan-2018 Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>

libbpf: add function to setup XDP

Most of the code is taken from set_link_xdp_fd() in bpf_load.c and
slightly modified to be library compliant.

Signed-off-by: Eric Leblond <eric@regit.org>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>


# 5d0cbf9b 02-Oct-2017 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: add support for BPF_PROG_QUERY

add support for BPF_PROG_QUERY command to libbpf

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 244d20ef 02-Oct-2017 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

libbpf: introduce bpf_prog_detach2()

introduce bpf_prog_detach2() that takes one more argument prog_fd
vs bpf_prog_detach() that takes only attach_fd and type.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 88cda1c9 27-Sep-2017 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: libbpf: Provide basic API support to specify BPF obj name

This patch extends the libbpf to provide API support to
allow specifying BPF object name.

In tools/lib/bpf/libbpf, the C symbol of the function
and the map is used. Regarding section name, all maps are
under the same section named "maps". Hence, section name
is not a good choice for map's name. To be consistent with
map, bpf_prog also follows and uses its function symbol as
the prog's name.

This patch adds logic to collect function's symbols in libbpf.
There is existing codes to collect the map's symbols and no change
is needed.

The bpf_load_program_name() and bpf_map_create_name() are
added to take the name argument. For the other bpf_map_create_xxx()
variants, a name argument is directly added to them.

In samples/bpf, bpf_load.c in particular, the symbol is also
used as the map's name and the map symbols has already been
collected in the existing code. For bpf_prog, bpf_load.c does
not collect the function symbol name. We can consider to collect
them later if there is a need to continue supporting the bpf_load.c.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 464bc0fd 28-Aug-2017 John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>

bpf: convert sockmap field attach_bpf_fd2 to type

In the initial sockmap API we provided strparser and verdict programs
using a single attach command by extending the attach API with a the
attach_bpf_fd2 field.

However, if we add other programs in the future we will be adding a
field for every new possible type, attach_bpf_fd(3,4,..). This
seems a bit clumsy for an API. So lets push the programs using two
new type fields.

BPF_SK_SKB_STREAM_PARSER
BPF_SK_SKB_STREAM_VERDICT

This has the advantage of having a readable name and can easily be
extended in the future.

Updates to samples and sockmap included here also generalize tests
slightly to support upcoming patch for multiple map support.

Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Fixes: 174a79ff9515 ("bpf: sockmap with sk redirect support")
Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# ad17d0e6 18-Aug-2017 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: Allow numa selection in INNER_LRU_HASH_PREALLOC test of map_perf_test

This patch makes the needed changes to allow each process of
the INNER_LRU_HASH_PREALLOC test to provide its numa node id
when creating the lru map.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 69e8cc13 15-Aug-2017 John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>

bpf: sockmap sample program

This program binds a program to a cgroup and then matches hard
coded IP addresses and adds these to a sockmap.

This will receive messages from the backend and send them to
the client.

client:X <---> frontend:10000 client:X <---> backend:10001

To keep things simple this is only designed for 1:1 connections
using hard coded values. A more complete example would allow many
backends and clients.

To run,

# sockmap <cgroup2_dir>

Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# bad1926d 04-Aug-2017 Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>

bpf, s390: fix build for libbpf and selftest suite

The BPF feature test as well as libbpf is missing the __NR_bpf
define for s390 and currently refuses to compile (selftest suite
depends on libbpf as well). Similar issue was fixed some time
ago via b0c47807d31d ("bpf: Add sparc support to tools and
samples."), just do the same and add definitions.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# d777b2dd 25-Jul-2017 Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>

bpf: don't zero out the info struct in bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd()

The buffer passed to bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd() should be initialized
to zeros. Kernel will enforce that to guarantee we can safely extend
info structures in the future.

Making the bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd() call in libbpf perform the zeroing
is problematic, however, since some members of the info structures
may need to be initialized by the callers (for instance pointers
to buffers to which kernel is to dump translated and jited images).

Remove the zeroing and fix up the in-tree callers before any kernel
has been released with this code.

As Daniel points out this seems to be the intended operation anyway,
since commit 95b9afd3987f ("bpf: Test for bpf ID") is itself setting
the buffer pointers before calling bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd().

Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# d6554904 20-Jul-2017 Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>

bpf: allow to specify log level and reduce it for test_verifier

For the test_verifier case, it's quite hard to parse log level 2 to
figure out what's causing an issue when used to log level 1. We do
want to use bpf_verify_program() in order to simulate some of the
tests with strict alignment. So just add an argument to pass the level
and put it to 1 for test_verifier.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 95b9afd3 05-Jun-2017 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: Test for bpf ID

Add test to exercise the bpf_prog/map id generation,
bpf_(prog|map)_get_next_id(), bpf_(prog|map)_get_fd_by_id() and
bpf_get_obj_info_by_fd().

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 91045f5e 10-May-2017 David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

bpf: Add bpf_verify_program() to the library.

This allows a test case to load a BPF program and unconditionally
acquire the verifier log.

It also allows specification of the strict alignment flag.

Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# b0c47807 22-Apr-2017 David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

bpf: Add sparc support to tools and samples.

Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>


# 30848873 30-Mar-2017 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

tools/lib/bpf: add support for BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN command

add support for BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN command to libbpf.a

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# fb30d4b7 22-Mar-2017 Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

bpf: Add tests for map-in-map

Test cases for array of maps and hash of maps.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 03671057 27-Feb-2017 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

scripts/spelling.txt: add "overrided" pattern and fix typo instances

Fix typos and add the following to the scripts/spelling.txt:

overrided||overridden

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1481573103-11329-22-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# cdc6a4ba 11-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Remove redundant ifdef

Remove a useless ifdef __NR_bpf as requested by Wang Nan.

Inline one-line static functions as it was in the bpf_sys.h file.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/828ab1ff-4dcf-53ff-c97b-074adb895006@huawei.com
Acked-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 7f677633 10-Feb-2017 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

bpf: introduce BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE flag

If BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE flag is used in BPF_PROG_ATTACH command
to the given cgroup the descendent cgroup will be able to override
effective bpf program that was inherited from this cgroup.
By default it's not passed, therefore override is disallowed.

Examples:
1.
prog X attached to /A with default
prog Y fails to attach to /A/B and /A/B/C
Everything under /A runs prog X

2.
prog X attached to /A with allow_override.
prog Y fails to attach to /A/B with default (non-override)
prog M attached to /A/B with allow_override.
Everything under /A/B runs prog M only.

3.
prog X attached to /A with allow_override.
prog Y fails to attach to /A with default.
The user has to detach first to switch the mode.

In the future this behavior may be extended with a chain of
non-overridable programs.

Also fix the bug where detach from cgroup where nothing is attached
was not throwing error. Return ENOENT in such case.

Add several testcases and adjust libbpf.

Fixes: 3007098494be ("cgroup: add support for eBPF programs")
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 702498a1 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Remove bpf_sys.h from selftests

Add require dependency headers.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 5f155c25 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Use bpf_map_get_next_key() from the library

Replace bpf_map_next_key() with bpf_map_get_next_key() calls.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# e58383b8 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Use bpf_map_delete_elem() from the library

Replace bpf_map_delete() with bpf_map_delete_elem() calls.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# e5ff7c40 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Use bpf_map_lookup_elem() from the library

Replace bpf_map_lookup() with bpf_map_lookup_elem() calls.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 10ecc728 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Use bpf_map_update_elem() from the library

Replace bpf_map_update() with bpf_map_update_elem() calls.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 2ee89fb9 09-Feb-2017 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>

bpf: Use bpf_load_program() from the library

Replace bpf_prog_load() with bpf_load_program() calls.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>


# 5dc880de 14-Dec-2016 Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>

tools lib bpf: Add bpf_prog_{attach,detach}

Commit d8c5b17f2bc0 ("samples: bpf: add userspace example for attaching
eBPF programs to cgroups") added these functions to samples/libbpf, but
during this merge all of the samples libbpf functionality is shifting to
tools/lib/bpf. Shift these functions there.

Committer notes:

Use bzero + attr.FIELD = value instead of 'attr = { .FIELD = value, just
like the other wrapper calls to sys_bpf with bpf_attr to make this build
in older toolchais, such as the ones in CentOS 5 and 6.

Signed-off-by: Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-au2zvtsh55vqeo3v3uw7jr4c@git.kernel.org
Link: https://github.com/joestringer/linux/commit/353e6f298c3d0a92fa8bfa61ff898c5050261a12.patch
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# a5580c7f 08-Dec-2016 Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>

tools lib bpf: Add flags to bpf_create_map()

Commit 6c905981743 ("bpf: pre-allocate hash map elements") introduces
map_flags to bpf_attr for BPF_MAP_CREATE command. Expose this new
parameter in libbpf.

By exposing it, users can access flags such as whether or not to
preallocate the map.

Signed-off-by: Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
Acked-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161209024620.31660-4-joe@ovn.org
[ Added clarifying comment made by Wang Nan ]
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 83d994d0 08-Dec-2016 Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>

tools lib bpf: use __u32 from linux/types.h

Fixes the following issue when building without access to 'u32' type:

./tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h:27:23: error: unknown type name ‘u32’

Signed-off-by: Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
Acked-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161209024620.31660-3-joe@ovn.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 9742da01 26-Nov-2016 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

tools lib bpf: Add missing BPF functions

Add more BPF map operations to libbpf. Also add bpf_obj_{pin,get}(). They
can be used on not only BPF maps but also BPF programs.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Joe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161126070354.141764-2-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 203d1cac 04-Jul-2016 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

tools lib bpf: Add license header

Adding a missing license descriptopn header to files in libbpf, make it
LGPL-2.1.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Eric Leblond <eleblond@stamus-networks.com>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1467630162-193121-1-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 8f9e05fb 11-Jan-2016 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

perf tools: Fix PowerPC native building

Checks BPF syscall number, turn off libbpf building on platform doesn't
correctly support sys_bpf instead of blocking compiling.

Reported-and-Tested-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1452520124-2073-7-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 43798bf3 24-Nov-2015 He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>

bpf tools: Add helper function for updating bpf maps elements

Add bpf_map_update_elem() helper function which calls the sys_bpf
syscall to update elements in bpf maps. Upcoming patches will use it to
adjust data in map through the perf command line.

Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1448372181-151723-4-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 7bf98369 30-Jun-2015 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

bpf tools: Introduce bpf_load_program() to bpf.c

bpf_load_program() can be used to load bpf program into kernel. To make
loading faster, first try to load without logbuf. Try again with logbuf
if the first try failed.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
Cc: Brendan Gregg <brendan.d.gregg@gmail.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Kaixu Xia <xiakaixu@huawei.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1435716878-189507-19-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# e3ed2fef 30-Jun-2015 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

bpf tools: Add bpf.c/h for common bpf operations

This patch introduces bpf.c and bpf.h, which hold common functions
issuing bpf syscall. The goal of these two files is to hide syscall
completely from user. Note that bpf.c and bpf.h deal with kernel
interface only. Things like structure of 'map' section in the ELF object
is not cared by of bpf.[ch].

We first introduce bpf_create_map().

Note that, since functions in bpf.[ch] are wrapper of sys_bpf, they
don't use OO style naming.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
Cc: Brendan Gregg <brendan.d.gregg@gmail.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Kaixu Xia <xiakaixu@huawei.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1435716878-189507-16-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>