History log of /linux-master/tools/include/linux/kernel.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# 066b34aa 08-Dec-2021 Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>

tools: fix ARRAY_SIZE defines in tools and selftests hdrs

tools/include/linux/kernel.h and kselftest_harness.h are missing
ifndef guard around ARRAY_SIZE define. Fix them to avoid duplicate
define errors during compile when another file defines it. This
problem was found when compiling selftests that include a header
with ARRAY_SIZE define.

ARRAY_SIZE is defined in several selftests. There are about 25+
duplicate defines in various selftests source and header files.
Add ARRAY_SIZE to kselftest.h in preparation for removing duplicate
ARRAY_SIZE defines from individual test files.

Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>


# d6e6a27d 30-Nov-2021 Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>

tools: Fix math.h breakage

Commit 98e1385ef24b ("include/linux/radix-tree.h: replace kernel.h with
the necessary inclusions") broke the radix tree test suite in two
different ways; first by including math.h which didn't exist in the
tools directory, and second by removing an implicit include of
spinlock.h before lockdep.h. Fix both issues.

Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# e3698b23 14-Apr-2020 Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

tools headers: Synchronize linux/bits.h with the kernel sources

To pick up the changes in these csets:

295bcca84916 ("linux/bits.h: add compile time sanity check of GENMASK inputs")
3945ff37d2f4 ("linux/bits.h: Extract common header for vDSO")

To address this tools/perf build warning:

Warning: Kernel ABI header at 'tools/include/linux/bits.h' differs from latest version at 'include/linux/bits.h'
diff -u tools/include/linux/bits.h include/linux/bits.h

This clashes with usage of userspace's static_assert(), that, at least
on glibc, is guarded by a ifnded/endif pair, do the same to our copy of
build_bug.h and avoid that diff in check_headers.sh so that we continue
checking for drifts with the kernel sources master copy.

This will all be tested with the set of build containers that includes
uCLibc, musl libc, lots of glibc versions in lots of distros and cross
build environments.

The tools/objtool, tools/bpf, etc were tested as well.

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Rikard Falkeborn <rikard.falkeborn@gmail.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 1c492422 08-May-2019 Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>

perf script: Pad DSO name for --call-trace

Pad the DSO name in --call-trace so we don't have the indent screwed by
different DSO name lengths, as now for kernel there's also BPF code
displayed.

# perf-with-kcore record pt -e intel_pt//ku -- sleep 1
# perf-core/perf-with-kcore script pt --call-trace

Before:

sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms]) kretprobe_perf_func
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms]) trace_call_bpf
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_get_current_pid_tgid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_ktime_get_ns
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465045: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) __htab_map_lookup_elem
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465366: ([kernel.kallsyms]) memcmp
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_probe_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) probe_kernel_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __check_object_size
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) check_stack_object
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_probe_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) probe_kernel_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __check_object_size
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) check_stack_object
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms]) copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_get_current_uid_gid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: ([kernel.kallsyms]) from_kgid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: ([kernel.kallsyms]) from_kuid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return) bpf_perf_event_output
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms]) perf_event_output
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms]) perf_prepare_sample
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms]) perf_misc_flags
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kvm]) kvm_is_in_guest
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466649: ([kernel.kallsyms]) __perf_event_header__init_id.isra.0
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466649: ([kernel.kallsyms]) perf_output_begin

After:

sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) kretprobe_perf_func
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) trace_call_bpf
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464404: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_get_current_pid_tgid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_ktime_get_ns
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806464725: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465045: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) __htab_map_lookup_elem
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465366: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) memcmp
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_probe_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) probe_kernel_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __check_object_size
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) check_stack_object
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_probe_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) probe_kernel_read
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __check_object_size
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) check_stack_object
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806465687: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_get_current_uid_gid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) from_kgid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) from_kuid
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466008: (bpf_prog_da4fe6b3d2c29b25_trace_return ) bpf_perf_event_output
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) perf_event_output
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) perf_prepare_sample
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) perf_misc_flags
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax
sleep 3660 [16] 57036.806466328: ([kernel.kallsyms] ) __x86_indirect_thunk_rax

Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190508132010.14512-8-jolsa@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 4a67e3a7 07-Nov-2018 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

tools/kernel.h: Replace synchronize_sched() with synchronize_rcu()

Now that synchronize_rcu() waits for preempt-disable regions of code
as well as RCU read-side critical sections, synchronize_sched() can be
replaced by synchronize_rcu(). This commit therefore makes this change,
even though it is but a comment.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>


# ad3d6c72 07-Nov-2017 Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>

xarray: Add XArray load operation

The xa_load function brings with it a lot of infrastructure; xa_empty(),
xa_is_err(), and large chunks of the XArray advanced API that are used
to implement xa_load.

As the test-suite demonstrates, it is possible to use the XArray functions
on a radix tree. The radix tree functions depend on the GFP flags being
stored in the root of the tree, so it's not possible to use the radix
tree functions on an XArray.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>


# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
lines).

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


# 07fda552 26-May-2017 Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>

tools include: Add byte-swapping macros to kernel.h

Add byte-swapping macros to kernel.h

Signed-off-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1495786658-18063-23-git-send-email-adrian.hunter@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# e58e871b 30-May-2017 Levin, Alexander (Sasha Levin) <alexander.levin@verizon.com>

tools/lib/lockdep: Remove private kernel headers

Move to using tools/include/ instead.

Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: acme@redhat.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170531003747.10557-2-alexander.levin@verizon.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 8607c1ee 17-Apr-2017 Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

tools include: Move ARRAY_SIZE() to linux/kernel.h

To match the kernel, then look for places redefining it to make it use
this version, which checks that its parameter is an array at build time.

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-txlcf1im83bcbj6kh0wxmyy8@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# eaa75b51 22-Feb-2017 Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

tools include: Add UINT_MAX def to kernel.h

The kernel has it and some files we got from there would require us
including the userland header for that, so add it conditionally.

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-gmwyal7c9vzzttlyk6u59rzn@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# d0761e37 07-Jul-2016 Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

perf tools: Uninline scnprintf() and vscnprint()

They were in tools/include/linux/kernel.h, requiring that it in turn
included stdio.h, which is way too heavy.

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-855h8olnkot9v0dajuee1lo3@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>


# 37fbe0a4 01-Jun-2015 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

perf tools: Move linux/kernel.h to tools/include

This patch moves kernel.h from tools/perf/util/include/linux/kernel.h
to tools/include/linux/kernel.h to enable other libraries use macros in
it, like libbpf which will be introduced by further patches.

MANIFEST is also updated for 'make perf-*-src-pkg'.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
Cc: Brendan Gregg <brendan.d.gregg@gmail.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Kaixu Xia <xiakaixu@huawei.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1433144296-74992-2-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
[ Fixed up the ifdef guard to match other entries in tools/include/linux ]
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>