History log of /linux-master/mm/msync.c
Revision Date Author Comments
# f6899bc0 29-Apr-2021 Nikita Ermakov <sh1r4s3@mail.si-head.nl>

mm/msync: exit early when the flags is an MS_ASYNC and start < vm_start

If an unmapped region was found and the flag is MS_ASYNC (without
MS_INVALIDATE) there is nothing to do and the result would be always
-ENOMEM, so return immediately.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201025092901.56399-1-sh1r4s3@mail.si-head.nl
Signed-off-by: Nikita Ermakov <sh1r4s3@mail.si-head.nl>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# d8ed45c5 08-Jun-2020 Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>

mmap locking API: use coccinelle to convert mmap_sem rwsem call sites

This change converts the existing mmap_sem rwsem calls to use the new mmap
locking API instead.

The change is generated using coccinelle with the following rule:

// spatch --sp-file mmap_lock_api.cocci --in-place --include-headers --dir .

expression mm;

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: Liam Howlett <Liam.Howlett@oracle.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200520052908.204642-5-walken@google.com
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 057d3389 25-Sep-2019 Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>

mm: untag user pointers passed to memory syscalls

This patch is a part of a series that extends kernel ABI to allow to pass
tagged user pointers (with the top byte set to something else other than
0x00) as syscall arguments.

This patch allows tagged pointers to be passed to the following memory
syscalls: get_mempolicy, madvise, mbind, mincore, mlock, mlock2, mprotect,
mremap, msync, munlock, move_pages.

The mmap and mremap syscalls do not currently accept tagged addresses.
Architectures may interpret the tag as a background colour for the
corresponding vma.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/aaf0c0969d46b2feb9017f3e1b3ef3970b633d91.1563904656.git.andreyknvl@google.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Cc: Felix Kuehling <Felix.Kuehling@amd.com>
Cc: Jens Wiklander <jens.wiklander@linaro.org>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# b0d61c7e 05-Nov-2015 Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>

mm/msync: use offset_in_page macro

linux/mm.h provides offset_in_page() macro. Let's use already predefined
macro instead of (addr & ~PAGE_MASK).

Signed-off-by: Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 0661a336 10-Feb-2015 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

mm: remove rest usage of VM_NONLINEAR and pte_file()

One bit in ->vm_flags is unused now!

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 496a8e68 02-Jul-2014 Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>

msync: fix incorrect fstart calculation

Fix a regression caused by 7fc34a62ca44 ("mm/msync.c: sync only the
requested range in msync()").

xfstests generic/075 fail occured on ext4 data=journal mode because the
intended range was not syncing due to wrong fstart calculation.

Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
Reported-by: Eric Whitney <enwlinux@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Eric Whitney <enwlinux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 7fc34a62 04-Jun-2014 Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>

mm/msync.c: sync only the requested range in msync()

msync() currently syncs more than POSIX requires or BSD or Solaris
implement. It is supposed to be equivalent to fdatasync(), not fsync(),
and it is only supposed to sync the portion of the file that overlaps the
range passed to msync.

If the VMA is non-linear, fall back to syncing the entire file, but we
still optimise to only fdatasync() the entire file, not the full fsync().

akpm: there are obvious concerns with bck-compatibility: is anyone relying
on the undocumented side-effect for their data integrity? And how would
they ever know if this change broke their data integrity?

We think the risk is reasonably low, and this patch brings the kernel into
line with other OS's and with what the manpage has always said...

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 8018ab05 22-Mar-2010 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

sanitize vfs_fsync calling conventions

Now that the last user passing a NULL file pointer is gone we can remove
the redundant dentry argument and associated hacks inside vfs_fsynmc_range.

The next step will be removig the dentry argument from ->fsync, but given
the luck with the last round of method prototype changes I'd rather
defer this until after the main merge window.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 6a6160a7 14-Jan-2009 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

[CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 13

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>

# 4c728ef5 22-Dec-2008 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

add a vfs_fsync helper

Fsync currently has a fdatawrite/fdatawait pair around the method call,
and a mutex_lock/unlock of the inode mutex. All callers of fsync have
to duplicate this, but we have a few and most of them don't quite get
it right. This patch adds a new vfs_fsync that takes care of this.
It's a little more complicated as usual as ->fsync might get a NULL file
pointer and just a dentry from nfsd, but otherwise gets afile and we
want to take the mapping and file operations from it when it is there.

Notes on the fsync callers:

- ecryptfs wasn't calling filemap_fdatawrite / filemap_fdatawait on the
lower file
- coda wasn't calling filemap_fdatawrite / filemap_fdatawait on the host
file, and returning 0 when ->fsync was missing
- shm wasn't calling either filemap_fdatawrite / filemap_fdatawait nor
taking i_mutex. Now given that shared memory doesn't have disk
backing not doing anything in fsync seems fine and I left it out of
the vfs_fsync conversion for now, but in that case we might just
not pass it through to the lower file at all but just call the no-op
simple_sync_file directly.

[and now actually export vfs_fsync]

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# e8edc6e0 20-May-2007 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

Detach sched.h from mm.h

First thing mm.h does is including sched.h solely for can_do_mlock() inline
function which has "current" dereference inside. By dealing with can_do_mlock()
mm.h can be detached from sched.h which is good. See below, why.

This patch
a) removes unconditional inclusion of sched.h from mm.h
b) makes can_do_mlock() normal function in mm/mlock.c
c) exports can_do_mlock() to not break compilation
d) adds sched.h inclusions back to files that were getting it indirectly.
e) adds less bloated headers to some files (asm/signal.h, jiffies.h) that were
getting them indirectly

Net result is:
a) mm.h users would get less code to open, read, preprocess, parse, ... if
they don't need sched.h
b) sched.h stops being dependency for significant number of files:
on x86_64 allmodconfig touching sched.h results in recompile of 4083 files,
after patch it's only 3744 (-8.3%).

Cross-compile tested on

all arm defconfigs, all mips defconfigs, all powerpc defconfigs,
alpha alpha-up
i386 i386-up i386-defconfig i386-allnoconfig
ia64 ia64-up
parisc parisc-up
powerpc powerpc-up
s390 s390-up
sparc sparc-up
sparc64 sparc64-up
x86_64 x86_64-up x86_64-defconfig x86_64-allnoconfig

as well as my two usual configs.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 204ec841 26-Sep-2006 Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>

[PATCH] mm: msync() cleanup

With the tracking of dirty pages properly done now, msync doesn't need to scan
the PTEs anymore to determine the dirty status.

From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>

In looking to do that, I made some other tidyups: can remove several
#includes, and sys_msync loop termination not quite right.

Most of those points are criticisms of the existing sys_msync, not of your
patch. In particular, the loop termination errors were introduced in 2.6.17:
I did notice this shortly before it came out, but decided I was more likely to
get it wrong myself, and make matters worse if I tried to rush a last-minute
fix in. And it's not terribly likely to go wrong, nor disastrous if it does
go wrong (may miss reporting an unmapped area; may also fsync file of a
following vma).

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# b31dc66a 13-Jun-2006 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>


A process flag to indicate whether we are doing sync io is incredibly
ugly. It also causes performance problems when one does a lot of async
io and then proceeds to sync it. Part of the io will go out as async,
and the other part as sync. This causes a disconnect between the
previously submitted io and the synced io. For io schedulers such as CFQ,
this will cause us lost merges and suboptimal behaviour in scheduling.

Remove PF_SYNCWRITE completely from the fsync/msync paths, and let
the O_DIRECT path just directly indicate that the writes are sync
by using WRITE_SYNC instead.

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>

# 16538c40 24-Mar-2006 Amos Waterland <apw@us.ibm.com>

The comment describing how MS_ASYNC works in msync.c is confusing
because of a typo. This patch just changes "my" to "by", which I
believe was the original intent.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>

# 8f2e9f15 24-Mar-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] msync(): use do_fsync()

No need to duplicate all that code.

Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 676758bd 24-Mar-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] msync: fix return value

msync() does a strange thing. Essentially:

vma = find_vma();
for ( ; ; ) {
if (!vma)
return -ENOMEM;
vma = vma->vm_next;

so an msync() request which starts within or before a valid VMA and which ends
within or beyond the final VMA will incorrectly return -ENOMEM.


Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 707c21c8 24-Mar-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] msync(MS_SYNC): don't hold mmap_sem while syncing

It seems bad to hold mmap_sem while performing synchronous disk I/O. Alter
the msync(MS_SYNC) code so that the lock is released while we sync the file.

Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 9c50823e 24-Mar-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] msync(): perform dirty page levelling

It seems sensible to perform dirty page throttling in msync: as the application
dirties pages we can kick off pdflush early, or even force the msync() caller
to perform writeout, or even throttle the msync() caller.

The main effect of this is to start disk writeback earlier if we've just
discovered that a large amount of pagecache has been dirtied. (Otherwise it
wouldn't happen for up to five seconds, next time pdflush wakes up).

It also will cause the page-dirtying process to get panalised for dirtying
those pages rather than whacking someone else with the problem.

We should do this for munmap() and possibly even exit(), too.

We drop the mmap_sem while performing the dirty page balancing. It doesn't
seem right to hold mmap_sem for that long.

Note that this patch only affects MS_ASYNC. MS_SYNC will be syncing all the
dirty pages anyway.

We note that msync(MS_SYNC) does a full-file-sync inside mmap_sem, and always
has. We can fix that up...

The patch also tightens up the mmap_sem coverage in sys_msync(): no point in
taking it while we perform the incoming arg checking.

Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 1b1dcc1b 09-Jan-2006 Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com>

[PATCH] mutex subsystem, semaphore to mutex: VFS, ->i_sem

This patch converts the inode semaphore to a mutex. I have tested it on
XFS and compiled as much as one can consider on an ia64. Anyway your
luck with it might be different.

Modified-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

(finished the conversion)

Signed-off-by: Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

# 6aab341e 28-Nov-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>

mm: re-architect the VM_UNPAGED logic

This replaces the (in my opinion horrible) VM_UNMAPPED logic with very
explicit support for a "remapped page range" aka VM_PFNMAP. It allows a
VM area to contain an arbitrary range of page table entries that the VM
never touches, and never considers to be normal pages.

Any user of "remap_pfn_range()" automatically gets this new
functionality, and doesn't even have to mark the pages reserved or
indeed mark them any other way. It just works. As a side effect, doing
mmap() on /dev/mem works for arbitrary ranges.

Sparc update from David in the next commit.

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 0b14c179 21-Nov-2005 Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>


Although we tend to associate VM_RESERVED with remap_pfn_range, quite a few
drivers set VM_RESERVED on areas which are then populated by nopage. The
PageReserved removal in 2.6.15-rc1 changed VM_RESERVED not to free pages in
zap_pte_range, without changing those drivers not to set it: so their pages
just leak away.

Let's not change miscellaneous drivers now: introduce VM_UNPAGED at the core,
to flag the special areas where the ptes may have no struct page, or if they
have then it's not to be touched. Replace most instances of VM_RESERVED in
core mm by VM_UNPAGED. Force it on in remap_pfn_range, and the sparc and
sparc64 io_remap_pfn_range.

Revert addition of VM_RESERVED to powerpc vdso, it's not needed there. Is it
needed anywhere? It still governs the mm->reserved_vm statistic, and special
vmas not to be merged, and areas not to be core dumped; but could probably be
eliminated later (the drivers are probably specifying it because in 2.4 it
kept swapout off the vma, but in 2.6 we work from the LRU, which these pages
don't get on).

Use the VM_SHM slot for VM_UNPAGED, and define VM_SHM to 0: it serves no
purpose whatsoever, and should be removed from drivers when we clean up.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Acked-by: William Irwin <wli@holomorphy.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 705e87c0 29-Oct-2005 Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>

[PATCH] mm: pte_offset_map_lock loops

Convert those common loops using page_table_lock on the outside and
pte_offset_map within to use just pte_offset_map_lock within instead.

These all hold mmap_sem (some exclusively, some not), so at no level can a
page table be whipped away from beneath them. But whereas pte_alloc loops
tested with the "atomic" pmd_present, these loops are testing with pmd_none,
which on i386 PAE tests both lower and upper halves.

That's now unsafe, so add a cast into pmd_none to test only the vital lower
half: we lose a little sensitivity to a corrupt middle directory, but not
enough to worry about. It appears that i386 and UML were the only
architectures vulnerable in this way, and pgd and pud no problem.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# b5810039 29-Oct-2005 Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>

[PATCH] core remove PageReserved

Remove PageReserved() calls from core code by tightening VM_RESERVED
handling in mm/ to cover PageReserved functionality.

PageReserved special casing is removed from get_page and put_page.

All setting and clearing of PageReserved is retained, and it is now flagged
in the page_alloc checks to help ensure we don't introduce any refcount
based freeing of Reserved pages.

MAP_PRIVATE, PROT_WRITE of VM_RESERVED regions is tentatively being
deprecated. We never completely handled it correctly anyway, and is be
reintroduced in future if required (Hugh has a proof of concept).

Once PageReserved() calls are removed from kernel/power/swsusp.c, and all
arch/ and driver code, the Set and Clear calls, and the PG_reserved bit can
be trivially removed.

Last real user of PageReserved is swsusp, which uses PageReserved to
determine whether a struct page points to valid memory or not. This still
needs to be addressed (a generic page_is_ram() should work).

A last caveat: the ZERO_PAGE is now refcounted and managed with rmap (and
thus mapcounted and count towards shared rss). These writes to the struct
page could cause excessive cacheline bouncing on big systems. There are a
number of ways this could be addressed if it is an issue.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

Refcount bug fix for filemap_xip.c

Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 0c942a45 29-Oct-2005 Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>

[PATCH] mm: msync_pte_range progress

Use latency breaking in msync_pte_range like that in copy_pte_range, instead
of the ugly CONFIG_PREEMPT filemap_msync alternatives.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# b57b98d1 29-Oct-2005 OGAWA Hirofumi <hirofumi@mail.parknet.co.jp>

[PATCH] mm/msync.c cleanup

This is not problem actually, but sync_page_range() is using for exported
function to filesystems.

The msync_xxx is more readable at least to me.

Signed-off-by: OGAWA Hirofumi <hirofumi@mail.parknet.co.jp>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# b4955ce3 21-Jun-2005 Abhijit Karmarkar <abhijitk@veritas.com>

[PATCH] msync: check pte dirty earlier

It's common practice to msync a large address range regularly, in which
often only a few ptes have actually been dirtied since the previous pass.

sync_pte_range then goes much faster if it tests whether pte is dirty
before locating and accessing each struct page cacheline; and it is hardly
slowed by ptep_clear_flush_dirty repeating that test in the opposite case,
when every pte actually is dirty.

But beware, s390's pte_dirty always says false, since its dirty bit is kept
in the storage key, located via the struct page address. So skip this
optimization in its case: use a pte_maybe_dirty macro which just says true
if page_test_and_clear_dirty is implemented.

Signed-off-by: Abhijit Karmarkar <abhijitk@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!