History log of /linux-master/ipc/compat.c
Revision Date Author Comments
# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# 44ee4546 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

semtimedop(): move compat to native

... and finally kill the sodding compat_convert_timespec()

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# a78ee9ed 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

shmat(2): move compat to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 9b1404c2 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2): move compat to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 20bc2a3a 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

ipc(2): move compat to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# c0ebccb6 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

semctl(): move compat to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 46939168 09-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

msgctl(): move compat to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 553f770e 08-Jul-2017 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

ipc: move compat shmctl to native

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 0d5e7580 13-Oct-2014 Mark Rustad <mark.d.rustad@intel.com>

ipc: resolve shadow warnings

Resolve some shadow warnings produced in W=2 builds by changing the name
of some parameters and local variables. Change instances of "s64"
because that clashes with the well-known typedef. Also change a local
variable with the name "up" because that clashes with the name of of the
"up" function for semaphores. These are hazards so eliminate the
hazards by renaming them.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rustad <mark.d.rustad@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 7153e402 06-Jun-2014 Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com>

ipc, kernel: use Linux headers

Use #include <linux/uaccess.h> instead of <asm/uaccess.h>
Use #include <linux/types.h> instead of <asm/types.h>

Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 187841a8 07-Apr-2014 Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>

ipc/compat.c: remove sc_semopm macro

This macro appears to have been introduced back in the 2.5 era for
semtimedop32 backward compatibility on ia32:


Nowadays, this syscall in compat just defaults back to the code found in
sem.c, so it is no longer used and can thus be removed:

long compat_sys_semtimedop(int semid, struct sembuf __user *tsems,
unsigned nsops, const struct compat_timespec __user *timeout)
struct timespec __user *ts64;
if (compat_convert_timespec(&ts64, timeout))
return -EFAULT;
return sys_semtimedop(semid, tsems, nsops, ts64);

Furthermore, there are no users in compat.c. After this change, kernel
builds just fine with both CONFIG_SYSVIPC_COMPAT and CONFIG_SYSVIPC.

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 5d70a596 04-Mar-2014 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

ipc/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE

Convert all compat system call functions where all parameter types
have a size of four or less than four bytes, or are pointer types
The implicit casts within COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE will perform proper
zero and sign extension to 64 bit of all parameters if needed.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>

# 291fdb0b 03-Mar-2014 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

ipc/compat_sys_msgrcv: change msgtyp type from long to compat_long_t

Change the type of compat_sys_msgrcv's msgtyp parameter from long
to compat_long_t, since compat user space passes only a 32 bit signed
Let the compat wrapper do proper sign extension to 64 bit of this

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>

# 81993e81 01-Feb-2014 H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>

compat: Get rid of (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec)

We have two APIs for compatiblity timespec/val, with confusingly
similar names. compat_(get|put)_time(val|spec) *do* handle the case
where COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is set, whereas
(get|put)_compat_time(val|spec) do not. This is an accident waiting
to happen.

Clean it up by favoring the full-service version; the limited version
is replaced with double-underscore versions static to kernel/compat.c.

A common pattern is to convert a struct timespec to kernel format in
an allocation on the user stack. Unfortunately it is open-coded in
several places. Since this allocation isn't actually needed if
COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is true (since user format == kernel format)
encapsulate that whole pattern into the function
compat_convert_timespec(). An equivalent function should be written
for struct timeval if it is needed in the future.

Finally, get rid of compat_(get|put)_timeval_convert(): each was only
used once, and the latter was not even doing what the function said
(no conversion actually was being done.) Moving the conversion into
compat_sys_settimeofday() itself makes the code much more similar to
sys_settimeofday() itself.

v3: Remove unused compat_convert_timeval().

v2: Drop bogus "const" in the destination argument for

Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <m.chehab@samsung.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@cisco.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Cc: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com>
Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Tested-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>

# e7ca2552 27-Jan-2014 Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com>

ipc: fix compat msgrcv with negative msgtyp

Compat function takes msgtyp argument as u32 and passes it down to
do_msgrcv which results in casting to long, thus the sign is lost and we
get a big positive number instead.

Cast the argument to signed type before passing it down.

Signed-off-by: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Gabriellla Schmidt <gsc@bruker.de>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 3ab08fe2 27-Jan-2014 Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>

ipc: remove braces for single statements

Deal with checkpatch messages:
WARNING: braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 239521f3 27-Jan-2014 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>

ipc: whitespace cleanup

The ipc code does not adhere the typical linux coding style.
This patch fixes lots of simple whitespace errors.

- mostly autogenerated by
scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --fix \
- one manual fixup (keep structure members tab-aligned)
- removal of additional space_before_tab that were not found by --fix

Tested with some of my msg and sem test apps.

Andrew: Could you include it in -mm and move it towards Linus' tree?

Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Suggested-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# e1fd1f49 05-Mar-2013 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

get rid of union semop in sys_semctl(2) arguments

just have the bugger take unsigned long and deal with SETVAL
case (when we use an int member in the union) explicitly.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 0e65a81b 03-Feb-2013 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

get rid of compat_sys_semctl() and friends in case of ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 56e41d3c 21-Jan-2013 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

merge compat sys_ipc instances

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 3a665531 04-Jan-2013 Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com>

selftests: IPC message queue copy feature test

This test can be used to check wheither kernel supports IPC message queue
copy and restore features (required by CRIU project).

Signed-off-by: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com>
Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# f9dd87f4 04-Jan-2013 Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com>

ipc: message queue receive cleanup

Move all message related manipulation into one function msg_fill().
Actually, two functions because of the compat one.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com>
Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# c1d7e01d 30-Jul-2012 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

ipc: use Kconfig options for __ARCH_WANT_[COMPAT_]IPC_PARSE_VERSION

Rather than #define the options manually in the architecture code, add
Kconfig options for them and select them there instead. This also allows
us to select the compat IPC version parsing automatically for platforms
using the old compat IPC interface.

Reported-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 05ba3f1a 30-Jul-2012 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

ipc: compat: use signed size_t types for msgsnd and msgrcv

The msgsnd and msgrcv system calls use size_t to represent the size of the
message being transferred. POSIX states that values of msgsz greater than
SSIZE_MAX cause the result to be implementation-defined. On Linux, this
equates to returning -EINVAL if (long) msgsz < 0.

For compat tasks where !CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC and compat_size_t
is smaller than size_t, negative size values passed from userspace will be
interpreted as positive values by do_msg{rcv,snd} and will fail to exit
early with -EINVAL.

This patch changes the compat prototypes for msg{rcv,snd} so that the
message size is represented as a compat_ssize_t, which we cast to the
native ssize_t type for the core IPC code.

Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# b610c04c 30-Jul-2012 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

ipc: allow compat IPC version field parsing if !ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC

Commit 48b25c43e6ee ("ipc: provide generic compat versions of IPC
syscalls") added a new ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC config option for
architectures to select if their compat target requires the old IPC
syscall interface.

For architectures (such as AArch64) that do not require the internal
calling conventions provided by this option, but have a compat target
where the C library passes the IPC_64 flag explicitly,
compat_ipc_parse_version no longer strips out the flag before calling
the native system call implementation, resulting in unknown SHM/IPC
commands and -EINVAL being returned to userspace.

This patch separates the selection of the internal calling conventions
for the IPC syscalls from the version parsing, allowing architectures to
select __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION if they want to use version
parsing whilst retaining the newer syscall calling conventions.

Acked-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 079a96ae 30-Jul-2012 Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

ipc: add COMPAT_SHMLBA support

If the SHMLBA definition for a native task differs from the definition for
a compat task, the do_shmat() function would need to handle both.

This patch introduces COMPAT_SHMLBA, which is used by the compat shmat
syscall when calling the ipc code and allows architectures such as AArch64
(where the native SHMLBA is 64k but the compat (AArch32) definition is
16k) to provide the correct semantics for compat IPC system calls.

Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 48b25c43 15-Mar-2012 Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>

[PATCH v3] ipc: provide generic compat versions of IPC syscalls

When using the "compat" APIs, architectures will generally want to
be able to make direct syscalls to msgsnd(), shmctl(), etc., and
in the kernel we would want them to be handled directly by
compat_sys_xxx() functions, as is true for other compat syscalls.

However, for historical reasons, several of the existing compat IPC
syscalls do not do this. semctl() expects a pointer to the fourth
argument, instead of the fourth argument itself. msgsnd(), msgrcv()
and shmat() expect arguments in different order.

This change adds an ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC config option that can be
set to preserve this behavior for ports that use it (x86, sparc, powerpc,
s390, and mips). No actual semantics are changed for those architectures,
and there is only a minimal amount of code refactoring in ipc/compat.c.

Newer architectures like tile (and perhaps future architectures such
as arm64 and unicore64) should not select this option, and thus can
avoid having any IPC-specific code at all in their architecture-specific
compat layer. In the same vein, if this option is not selected, IPC_64
mode is assumed, since that's what the <asm-generic> headers expect.

The workaround code in "tile" for msgsnd() and msgrcv() is removed
with this change; it also fixes the bug that shmat() and semctl() were
not being properly handled.

Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>

# 03145beb 27-Oct-2010 Dan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com>

ipc: initialize structure memory to zero for compat functions

This takes care of leaking uninitialized kernel stack memory to
userspace from non-zeroed fields in structs in compat ipc functions.

Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 5a0e3ad6 24-Mar-2010 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>

include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h

percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which
in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.

percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for
this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion
needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
used as the basis of conversion.


The script does the followings.

* Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used,
gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.

* When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains
core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
doesn't seem to be any matching order.

* If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the

The conversion was done in the following steps.

1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400

2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion,
some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added
inclusions to around 150 files.

3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.

4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.

5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h
inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each
slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as

6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.

7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).

* x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
* powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
* sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
* ia64 SMP allmodconfig
* s390 SMP allmodconfig
* alpha SMP allmodconfig
* um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig

8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
a separate patch and serve as bisection point.

Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
the specific arch.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>

# d57d9731 06-Jul-2007 Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>

fix logic error in ipc compat semctl()

When calling a semctl(IPC_STAT) without IPC_64 the check if the memory is
unevaluated. This patch fixes this.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# af7c693f 08-May-2007 Guy Streeter <streeter@redhat.com>

Cap shmmax at INT_MAX in compat shminfo

The value of shmmax may be larger than will fit in the struct used by
the 32bit compat version of sys_shmctl. This change mirrors what the
normal sys_shmctl does when called with the old IPC_INFO command.

Signed-off-by: Guy Streeter <streeter@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 651971cb 06-Dec-2006 suzuki <suzuki@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

[PATCH] Fix the size limit of compat space msgsize

Currently we allocate 64k space on the user stack and use it the msgbuf for
sys_{msgrcv,msgsnd} for compat and the results are later copied in user [
by copy_in_user]. This patch introduces helper routines for
sys_{msgrcv,msgsnd} as below:

do_msgsnd() : Accepts the mtype and user space ptr to the buffer along with
the msqid and msgflg.

do_msgrcv() : Accepts a kernel space ptr to mtype and a userspace ptr to
the buffer. The mtype has to be copied back the user space msgbuf by the

These changes avoid the need to allocate the msgsize on the userspace (
thus removing the size limt ) and the overhead of an extra copy_in_user().

Signed-off-by: Suzuki K P <suzuki@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 6ab3d562 30-Jun-2006 Jörn Engel <joern@wohnheim.fh-wedel.de>

Remove obsolete #include <linux/config.h>

Signed-off-by: Jörn Engel <joern@wohnheim.fh-wedel.de>
Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>

# 5f921ae9 26-Mar-2006 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

[PATCH] sem2mutex: ipc, id.sem

Semaphore to mutex conversion.

The conversion was generated via scripts, and the result was validated
automatically via a script as well.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 202e5979 06-Sep-2005 Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>

[PATCH] compat: be more consistent about [ug]id_t

When I first wrote the compat layer patches, I was somewhat cavalier about
the definition of compat_uid_t and compat_gid_t (or maybe I just
misunderstood :-)). This patch makes the compat types much more consistent
with the types we are being compatible with and hopefully will fix a few
bugs along the way.

compat type type in compat arch
__compat_[ug]id_t __kernel_[ug]id_t
__compat_[ug]id32_t __kernel_[ug]id32_t
compat_[ug]id_t [ug]id_t

The difference is that compat_uid_t is always 32 bits (for the archs we
care about) but __compat_uid_t may be 16 bits on some.

Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 214a627c 07-Jul-2005 Jesse Millan <jessem@cs.pdx.edu>

[PATCH] put_compat_shminfo() warning fix

GCC 4 complains because the function put_compat_shminfo() can't get to its
return statement if there is no error... If the function does not return
-EFAULT, it doesn't return anything at all. Looks like a typo.

Signed-off-by: Jesse Millan <jessem@cs.pdx.edu>
Signed-off-by: Domen Puncer <domen@coderock.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!