History log of /linux-master/include/linux/types.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# a0019cd7 16-Mar-2022 Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>

lib/sort: Add priv pointer to swap function

Adding support to have priv pointer in swap callback function.

Following the initial change on cmp callback functions [1]
and adding SWAP_WRAPPER macro to identify sort call of sort_r.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20220316122419.933957-2-jolsa@kernel.org

[1] 4333fb96ca10 ("media: lib/sort.c: implement sort() variant taking context argument")

# 96c0a6a7 10-Feb-2021 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

s390,alpha: switch to 64-bit ino_t

s390 and alpha are the only 64 bit architectures with a 32-bit ino_t.
Since this is quite unusual this causes bugs from time to time.

See e.g. commit ebce3eb2f7ef ("ceph: fix inode number handling on
arches with 32-bit ino_t") for an example.

This (obviously) also prevents s390 and alpha to use 64-bit ino_t for
tmpfs. See commit b85a7a8bb573 ("tmpfs: disallow CONFIG_TMPFS_INODE64
on s390").

Therefore switch both s390 and alpha to 64-bit ino_t. This should only
have an effect on the ustat system call. To prevent ABI breakage
define struct ustat compatible to the old layout and change
sys_ustat() accordingly.

Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>

# 7ca8cf53 29-Jul-2020 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

locking/atomic: Move ATOMIC_INIT into linux/types.h

This patch moves ATOMIC_INIT from asm/atomic.h into linux/types.h.
This allows users of atomic_t to use ATOMIC_INIT without having to
include atomic.h as that way may lead to header loops.

Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200729123105.GB7047@gondor.apana.org.au

# 412c53a6 20-Feb-2020 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

y2038: remove unused time32 interfaces

No users remain, so kill these off before we grow new ones.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200110154232.4104492-3-arnd@arndb.de
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Deepa Dinamani <deepa.kernel@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 2a785996 05-Nov-2019 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

y2038: uapi: change __kernel_time_t to __kernel_old_time_t

This is mainly a patch for clarification, and to let us remove
the time_t definition from the kernel to prevent new users from
creeping in that might not be y2038-safe.

All remaining uses of 'time_t' or '__kernel_time_t' are part of
the user API that cannot be changed by that either have a
replacement or that do not suffer from the y2038 overflow.

Acked-by: Deepa Dinamani <deepa.kernel@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

# 52ae533b 07-Oct-2019 Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>

lib/sort: Move swap, cmp and cmp_r function types for wider use

The function types for swap, cmp and cmp_r functions are already
being in use by modules.

Move them to types.h that everybody in kernel will be able to use
generic types instead of custom ones.

This adds more sense to the comment in bsearch() later on.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191007135656.37734-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com

Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>

# 37249213 22-May-2019 Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

locking/atomic: Use s64 for atomic64_t on 64-bit

Now that all architectures use 64 consistently as the base type for the
atomic64 API, let's have the CONFIG_64BIT definition of atomic64_t use
s64 as the underlying type for atomic64_t, rather than long, matching
the generated headers.

On architectures where atomic64_read(v) is READ_ONCE(v->counter), this
patch will cause the return type of atomic64_read() to be s64.

As of this patch, the atomic64 API can be relied upon to consistently
return s64 where a value rather than boolean condition is returned. This
should make code more robust, and simpler, allowing for the removal of
casts previously required to ensure consistent types.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aou@eecs.berkeley.edu
Cc: arnd@arndb.de
Cc: bp@alien8.de
Cc: catalin.marinas@arm.com
Cc: davem@davemloft.net
Cc: fenghua.yu@intel.com
Cc: heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com
Cc: herbert@gondor.apana.org.au
Cc: ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru
Cc: jhogan@kernel.org
Cc: linux@armlinux.org.uk
Cc: mattst88@gmail.com
Cc: mpe@ellerman.id.au
Cc: palmer@sifive.com
Cc: paul.burton@mips.com
Cc: paulus@samba.org
Cc: ralf@linux-mips.org
Cc: rth@twiddle.net
Cc: tony.luck@intel.com
Cc: vgupta@synopsys.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190522132250.26499-17-mark.rutland@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

# 72deb455 05-Apr-2019 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

block: remove CONFIG_LBDAF

Currently support for 64-bit sector_t and blkcnt_t is optional on 32-bit
architectures. These types are required to support block device and/or
file sizes larger than 2 TiB, and have generally defaulted to on for
a long time. Enabling the option only increases the i386 tinyconfig
size by 145 bytes, and many data structures already always use
64-bit values for their in-core and on-disk data structures anyway,
so there should not be a large change in dynamic memory usage either.

Dropping this option removes a somewhat weird non-default config that
has cause various bugs or compiler warnings when actually used.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>

# 30ff9ec4 07-Mar-2019 WangBo <wdjjwb@163.com>

include/linux/types.h: use "unsigned int" instead of "unsigned"

Use "unsigned int" instead of "unsigned", to make code more clear.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1551354739-6648-1-git-send-email-wdjjwb@163.com
Signed-off-by: WangBo <wang.bo116@zte.com.cn>
Reviewed-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# d5cccfc7 07-Nov-2018 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

types: Remove call_rcu_bh() and call_rcu_sched()

Now that call_rcu()'s callback is not invoked until after bh-disable and
preempt-disable regions of code have completed (in addition to explicitly
marked RCU read-side critical sections), call_rcu() can be used in place
of call_rcu_bh() and call_rcu_sched(). This commit therefore removes
these two API members from the callback_head structure's header comment.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

# b22f22a3 07-Jun-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

include/linux/types.h: use fixed width types without double-underscore prefix

This header file is not exported. It is safe to reference types without
double-underscore prefix.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526350925-14922-3-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 6d0e8d53 07-Jun-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

include/linux/types.h: define aligned_ types based on uapi header

<uapi/linux/types.h> has the same typedefs except that it prefixes them
with double-underscore for user space. Use them for the kernel space

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526350925-14922-2-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 30a050de 21-Dec-2017 Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>

doc: Fix typo in rcu_head comments

Signed-off-by: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

# 4fd0b46e 15-Nov-2017 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

slab, slub, slob: convert slab_flags_t to 32-bit

struct kmem_cache::flags is "unsigned long" which is unnecessary on
64-bit as no flags are defined in the higher bits.

Switch the field to 32-bit and save some space on x86_64 until such
flags appear:

add/remove: 0/0 grow/shrink: 0/107 up/down: 0/-657 (-657)
function old new delta
sysfs_slab_add 720 719 -1
check_object 699 676 -23

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171021100635.GA8287@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# d50112ed 15-Nov-2017 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

slab, slub, slob: add slab_flags_t

Add sparse-checked slab_flags_t for struct kmem_cache::flags (SLAB_POISON,

SLAB is bloated temporarily by switching to "unsigned long", but only

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171021100225.GA22428@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# 468d01be 02-Feb-2017 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

types: Update obsolete callback_head comment

The comment header for callback_head (and thus for rcu_head) states that
the bottom two bits of a pointer to these structures must be zero. This
is obsolete: The new requirement is that only the bottom bit need be
zero. This commit therefore updates this comment.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

# a5a1d1c2 21-Dec-2016 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

clocksource: Use a plain u64 instead of cycle_t

There is no point in having an extra type for extra confusion. u64 is

Conversion was done with the following coccinelle script:

-typedef u64 cycle_t;

typedef cycle_t;

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>

# 9efeccac 10-Dec-2016 Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>

linux: drop __bitwise__ everywhere

__bitwise__ used to mean "yes, please enable sparse checks
unconditionally", but now that we dropped __CHECK_ENDIAN__
__bitwise is exactly the same.
There aren't many users, replace it by __bitwise everywhere.

Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Acked-by: Stefan Schmidt <stefan@osg.samsung.com>
Acked-by: Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzk@kernel.org>
Akced-by: Lee Duncan <lduncan@suse.com>

# c96fc2d8 23-May-2016 Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>

signal: make oom_flags a bool

Currently the size of "struct signal_struct"->oom_flags member is
sizeof(unsigned) bytes, but only one flag OOM_FLAG_ORIGIN which is
updated by current thread is defined. We can convert OOM_FLAG_ORIGIN
into a bool, and reuse the saved bytes for updating from the OOM killer
and/or the OOM reaper thread.

By the way, do we care about a race window between run_store() and
swapoff() because it would be theoretically possible that two threads
sharing the "struct signal_struct" concurrently call respective
functions? If we care, we can make oom_flags an atomic_t.

Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# fbc416ff 19-Nov-2015 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

arm64: fix building without CONFIG_UID16

As reported by Michal Simek, building an ARM64 kernel with CONFIG_UID16
disabled currently fails because the system call table still needs to
reference the individual function entry points that are provided by
kernel/sys_ni.c in this case, and the declarations are hidden inside
of #ifdef CONFIG_UID16:

arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h:57:8: error: 'sys_lchown16' undeclared here (not in a function)
__SYSCALL(__NR_lchown, sys_lchown16)

I believe this problem only exists on ARM64, because older architectures
tend to not need declarations when their system call table is built
in assembly code, while newer architectures tend to not need UID16
support. ARM64 only uses these system calls for compatibility with
32-bit ARM binaries.

This changes the CONFIG_UID16 check into CONFIG_HAVE_UID16, which is
set unconditionally on ARM64 with CONFIG_COMPAT, so we see the
declarations whenever we need them, but otherwise the behavior is

Fixes: af1839eb4bd4 ("Kconfig: clean up the long arch list for the UID16 config option")
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

# 720abae3 05-Nov-2015 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

rcu: force alignment on struct callback_head/rcu_head

Make struct callback_head aligned to size of pointer. On most
architectures it happens naturally due ABI requirements, but some
architectures (like CRIS) have weird ABI and we need to ask it explicitly.

The alignment is required to guarantee that bits 0 and 1 of @next will be
clear under normal conditions -- as long as we use call_rcu(),
call_rcu_bh(), call_rcu_sched(), or call_srcu() to queue callback.

This guarantee is important for few reasons:
- future call_rcu_lazy() will make use of lower bits in the pointer;
- the structure shares storage spacer in struct page with @compound_head,
which encode PageTail() in bit 0. The guarantee is needed to avoid
false-positive PageTail().

False postive PageTail() caused crash on crisv32[1]. It happend due
misaligned task_struct->rcu, which was byte-aligned.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/55FAEA67.9000102@roeck-us.net

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# ec90a194 10-Jun-2015 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

rcu: Create a synchronize_rcu_mult()

There have been several requests for a primitive that waits for
grace periods for several RCU flavors concurrently, so this
commit creates it. This is a variadic macro, and you pass in
the call_rcu() functions of the flavors of RCU that you wish to
wait for.

Note that you cannot pass in call_srcu() for two reasons: (1) This
would result in a type mismatch and (2) You need to specify which
srcu_struct you want to use. Handle this by creating a wrapper
function for your SRCU domain, for example:

void call_srcu_mine(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func)
call_srcu(&ss_mine, head, func);

You can then do something like this:

synchronize_rcu_mult(call_srcu_mine, call_rcu, call_rcu_sched);

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

# 3a9ad0b4 27-May-2015 Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>

PCI: Add pci_bus_addr_t

David Ahern reported that d63e2e1f3df9 ("sparc/PCI: Clip bridge windows
to fit in upstream windows") fails to boot on sparc/T5-8:

pci 0000:06:00.0: reg 0x184: can't handle BAR above 4GB (bus address 0x110204000)

The problem is that sparc64 assumed that dma_addr_t only needed to hold DMA
addresses, i.e., bus addresses returned via the DMA API (dma_map_single(),
etc.), while the PCI core assumed dma_addr_t could hold *any* bus address,
including raw BAR values. On sparc64, all DMA addresses fit in 32 bits, so
dma_addr_t is a 32-bit type. However, BAR values can be 64 bits wide, so
they don't fit in a dma_addr_t. d63e2e1f3df9 added new checking that
tripped over this mismatch.

Add pci_bus_addr_t, which is wide enough to hold any PCI bus address,
including both raw BAR values and DMA addresses. This will be 64 bits
on 64-bit platforms and on platforms with a 64-bit dma_addr_t. Then
dma_addr_t only needs to be wide enough to hold addresses from the DMA API.

[bhelgaas: changelog, bugzilla, Kconfig to ensure pci_bus_addr_t is at
least as wide as dma_addr_t, documentation]
Fixes: d63e2e1f3df9 ("sparc/PCI: Clip bridge windows to fit in upstream windows")
Fixes: 23b13bc76f35 ("PCI: Fail safely if we can't handle BARs larger than 4GB")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CAE9FiQU1gJY1LYrxs+ma5LCTEEe4xmtjRG0aXJ9K_Tsu+m9Wuw@mail.gmail.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1427857069-6789-1-git-send-email-yinghai@kernel.org
Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=96231
Reported-by: David Ahern <david.ahern@oracle.com>
Tested-by: David Ahern <david.ahern@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # v3.19+

# 23f40a94 15-Apr-2015 Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>

include/linux: remove empty conditionals

Commit 607ca46e97a1 ("UAPI: (Scripted) Disintegrate include/linux") left
behind some empty conditional blocks. Since they are useless and may
cause a reader to wonder whether something is missing, remove them.

Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# dd4a5c1e 12-Feb-2015 Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>

linux/types.h: Always use unsigned long for pgoff_t

Everybody uses unsigned long for pgoff_t, and no one ever overrode the
definition of pgoff_t. Keep it that way, and remove the option of
overriding it.

Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 74d23cc7 21-Dec-2014 Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com>

time: move the timecounter/cyclecounter code into its own file.

The timecounter code has almost nothing to do with the clocksource
code. Let it live in its own file. This will help isolate the
timecounter users from the clocksource users in the source tree.

Signed-off-by: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 77f2ea2f 30-Apr-2014 Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>

DMA-API: Clarify physical/bus address distinction

The DMA-API documentation sometimes refers to "physical addresses" when it
really means "bus addresses." Sometimes these are identical, but they may
be different if the bridge leading to the bus performs address translation.
Update the documentation to use "bus address" when appropriate.

Also, consistently capitalize "DMA", use parens with function names, use
dev_printk() in examples, and reword a few sections for clarity.

No functional change; documentation changes only.

Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: James Bottomley <jbottomley@Parallels.com>
Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>

# e1e12d2f 11-Dec-2012 David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>

mm, oom: fix race when specifying a thread as the oom origin

test_set_oom_score_adj() and compare_swap_oom_score_adj() are used to
specify that current should be killed first if an oom condition occurs in
between the two calls.

The usage is

short oom_score_adj = test_set_oom_score_adj(OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX);
compare_swap_oom_score_adj(OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX, oom_score_adj);

to store the thread's oom_score_adj, temporarily change it to the maximum
score possible, and then restore the old value if it is still the same.

This happens to still be racy, however, if the user writes
OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX to /proc/pid/oom_score_adj in between the two calls.
The compare_swap_oom_score_adj() will then incorrectly reset the old value
prior to the write of OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX.

To fix this, introduce a new oom_flags_t member in struct signal_struct
that will be used for per-thread oom killer flags. KSM and swapoff can
now use a bit in this member to specify that threads should be killed
first in oom conditions without playing around with oom_score_adj.

This also allows the correct oom_score_adj to always be shown when reading

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 607ca46e 13-Oct-2012 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

UAPI: (Scripted) Disintegrate include/linux

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>

# 67d12145 27-Jun-2012 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

merge task_work and rcu_head, get rid of separate allocation for keyring case

task_work and rcu_head are identical now; merge them (calling the result
struct callback_head, rcu_head #define'd to it), kill separate allocation
in security/keys since we can just use cred->rcu now.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# bb8ac181 19-May-2012 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

bury __kernel_nlink_t, make internal nlink_t consistent

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# a699e4e4 03-Apr-2012 Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>

irq: Kill pointless irqd_to_hw export

It makes no sense to export this trivial function. Make it a static inline

This patch also drops virq_to_hw from arch/c6x since it is unused by that

v2: Move irq_hw_number_t into types.h to fix ARM build failure

Signed-off-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>

# 0583fcc9 26-Jul-2011 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

consolidate umode_t declarations

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# a469ebd5 06-Dec-2011 Mark Einon <mark.einon@gmail.com>

types.h: fix comment spelling for 'architectures'

Spelling change, architetures -> architectures

Signed-off-by: Mark Einon <mark.einon@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>

# 99098751 31-May-2011 Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

rcu: Move rcu_head definition to types.h

Take a first step towards untangling Linux kernel header files by
placing the struct rcu_head definition into include/linux/types.h
and including include/linux/types.h in include/linux/rcupdate.h
where struct rcu_head used to be defined. The actual inclusion point
for include/linux/types.h is with the rest of the #include directives
rather than at the point where struct rcu_head used to be defined,
as suggested by Mathieu Desnoyers.

Once this is in place, then header files that need only rcu_head
can include types.h rather than rcupdate.h.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>

# 3e50594e 22-Mar-2011 FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>

add the common dma_addr_t typedef to include/linux/types.h

All architectures can use the common dma_addr_t typedef now. We can
remove the arch specific dma_addr_t.

Signed-off-by: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# a75d3776 26-Oct-2010 Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

types.h: move misplaced comment

This comment landed in the wrong place.

Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@medozas.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 79b5dc0c 15-Oct-2010 Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>

types.h: define __aligned_u64 and expose to userspace

We currently have a kernel internal type called aligned_u64 which aligns
__u64's on 8 bytes boundaries even on systems which would normally align
them on 4 byte boundaries. This patch creates a new type __aligned_u64
which does the same thing but which is exposed to userspace rather than
being kernel internal.

[akpm: merge early as both the net and audit trees want this]

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: enhance the comment describing the reasons for using aligned_u64. Via Andreas and Andi.]
Based-on-patch-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@medozas.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 69c8f52b 01-Jul-2010 Justin P. Mattock <justinmattock@gmail.com>

fix #warning about using kernel headers in userpsace

Move the preprocessor #warning message:
warning: #warning Attempt to use kernel headers from user space,
see http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelHeaders
from kernel.h to types.h.

And also fixe the #warning message due to the preprocessor not being able to
read the web address due to it thinking it was the start of a comment. also
remove the extra #ifndef _KERNEL_ since it's already there.

Signed-off-by: Justin P. Mattock <justinmattock@gmail.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>

# de5d9bf6 02-Jul-2010 Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>

Move list types from <linux/list.h> to <linux/types.h>.

This allows a list_head (or hlist_head, etc.) to be used from places
that used to be impractical, in particular <asm/processor.h>, which
used to cause include file recursion: <linux/list.h> includes
<linux/prefetch.h>, which always includes <asm/processor.h> for the
prefetch macros, as well as <asm/system.h>, which often includes
<asm/processor.h> directly or indirectly.

This avoids a lot of painful workaround hackery on the tile
architecture, where we use a list_head in the thread_struct to chain
together tasks that are activated on a particular hardwall.

Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>

# 81880d60 16-May-2010 Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>

atomic_t: Remove volatile from atomic_t definition

When looking at a performance problem on PowerPC, I noticed some awful code

c00000000051fc98: 3b 60 00 01 li r27,1
c00000000051fca0: 3b 80 00 00 li r28,0
c00000000051fcdc: 93 61 00 70 stw r27,112(r1)
c00000000051fce0: 93 81 00 74 stw r28,116(r1)
c00000000051fce4: 81 21 00 70 lwz r9,112(r1)
c00000000051fce8: 80 01 00 74 lwz r0,116(r1)
c00000000051fcec: 7d 29 07 b4 extsw r9,r9
c00000000051fcf0: 7c 00 07 b4 extsw r0,r0

c00000000051fcf4: 7c 20 04 ac lwsync
c00000000051fcf8: 7d 60 f8 28 lwarx r11,0,r31
c00000000051fcfc: 7c 0b 48 00 cmpw r11,r9
c00000000051fd00: 40 c2 00 10 bne- c00000000051fd10
c00000000051fd04: 7c 00 f9 2d stwcx. r0,0,r31
c00000000051fd08: 40 c2 ff f0 bne+ c00000000051fcf8
c00000000051fd0c: 4c 00 01 2c isync

We create two constants, write them out to the stack, read them straight back
in and sign extend them. What a mess.

It turns out this bad code is a result of us defining atomic_t as a
volatile int.

We removed the volatile attribute from the powerpc atomic_t definition years
ago, but commit ea435467500612636f8f4fb639ff6e76b2496e4b (atomic_t: unify all
arch definitions) added it back in.

To dig up an old quote from Linus:

> The fact is, volatile on data structures is a bug. It's a wart in the C
> language. It shouldn't be used.
> Volatile accesses in *code* can be ok, and if we have "atomic_read()"
> expand to a "*(volatile int *)&(x)->value", then I'd be ok with that.
> But marking data structures volatile just makes the compiler screw up
> totally, and makes code for initialization sequences etc much worse.

And screw up it does :)

With the volatile removed, we see much more reasonable code generation:

c00000000051f5b8: 3b 60 00 01 li r27,1
c00000000051f5c0: 3b 80 00 00 li r28,0

c00000000051fc7c: 7c 20 04 ac lwsync
c00000000051fc80: 7c 00 f8 28 lwarx r0,0,r31
c00000000051fc84: 7c 00 d8 00 cmpw r0,r27
c00000000051fc88: 40 c2 00 10 bne- c00000000051fc98
c00000000051fc8c: 7f 80 f9 2d stwcx. r28,0,r31
c00000000051fc90: 40 c2 ff f0 bne+ c00000000051fc80
c00000000051fc94: 4c 00 01 2c isync

Six instructions less.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 90c699a9 19-Jun-2009 Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <bzolnier@gmail.com>

block: rename CONFIG_LBD to CONFIG_LBDAF

Follow-up to "block: enable by default support for large devices
and files on 32-bit archs".

- allow update of existing [def]configs for "default y" change
- reflect that it is used also for large files support nowadays

Signed-off-by: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <bzolnier@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>

# 3a471cbc 25-Feb-2009 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>


With the last used of non-strict names gone from the
exported header files, we can remove the old libc5
compatibility cruft from our headers and only export
strict types.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

# 9d50638b 07-Feb-2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>

unconditionally include asm/types.h from linux/types.h

Reported-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Signed-off-by: Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

# 0fb807c3 07-Feb-2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>

unconditionally include asm/types.h from linux/types.h

Reported-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Signed-off-by: Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>

# 527bdfee 06-Feb-2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>

make linux/types.h as assembly safe

Signed-off-by: Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com>

# 940fbf41 07-Jan-2009 Detlef Riekenberg <wine.dev@web.de>

linux/types.h: Don't depend on __GNUC__ for __le64/__be64

The typedefs for __u64 and __s64 where fixed to be available for other
compiler on May 2 2008 by H. Peter Anvin (in commit edfa5cfa3dc5)

Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Detlef Riekenberg <wine.dev@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# ea435467 06-Jan-2009 Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>

atomic_t: unify all arch definitions

The atomic_t type cannot currently be used in some header files because it
would create an include loop with asm/atomic.h. Move the type definition
to linux/types.h to break the loop.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# b3a6ffe1 12-Dec-2008 Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>

Get rid of CONFIG_LSF

We have two seperate config entries for large devices/files. One
is CONFIG_LBD that guards just the devices, the other is CONFIG_LSF
that handles large files. This doesn't make a lot of sense, you typically
want both or none. So get rid of CONFIG_LSF and change CONFIG_LBD wording
to indicate that it covers both.

Acked-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>

# aeb5d727 02-Sep-2008 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

[PATCH] introduce fmode_t, do annotations

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 8308c54d 11-Sep-2008 Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>

generic: redefine resource_size_t as phys_addr_t

There's no good reason why a resource_size_t shouldn't just be a
physical address, so simply redefine it in terms of phys_addr_t.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

# 600715dc 11-Sep-2008 Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>

generic: add phys_addr_t for holding physical addresses

Add a kernel-wide "phys_addr_t" which is guaranteed to be able to hold
any physical address. By default it equals the word size of the
architecture, but a 32-bit architecture can set ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
if it needs a 64-bit phys_addr_t.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

# 6c7c6afb 23-May-2008 maximilian attems <max@stro.at>

types.h: don't expose struct ustat to userspace

<linux/types.h> can't be used together with <sys/ustat.h> because they
both define struct ustat:

$ cat test.c
#include <sys/ustat.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
$ gcc -c test.c
In file included from test.c:2:
/usr/include/linux/types.h:165: error: redefinition of 'struct ustat'

has been reported a while ago to debian, but seems to have been
lost in cat fighting: http://bugs.debian.org/429064

Signed-off-by: maximilian attems <max@stro.at>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 7437a51b 08-Feb-2008 Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>

Remove __STRICT_ANSI__ from linux/types.h

All of the asm-*/types.h headers have been updated to no longer check
__STRICT_ANSI__ for the 64bit types, so this brings linux/types.h in line.

Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# c82a5cb8 31-Jan-2008 Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@computergmbh.de>

linux/types.h: Use __u64 for aligned_u64

Signed-off-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@computergmbh.de>
Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 142956af 28-Oct-2007 Al Viro <viro@ftp.linux.org.uk>

fix abuses of ptrdiff_t

Use of ptrdiff_t in places like

- if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, u_tmp->rx_buf, u_tmp->len))
+ if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, (u8 __user *)
+ (ptrdiff_t) u_tmp->rx_buf,
+ u_tmp->len))

is wrong; for one thing, it's a bad C (it's what uintptr_t is for; in general
we are not even promised that ptrdiff_t is large enough to hold a pointer,
just enough to hold a difference between two pointers within the same object).
For another, it confuses the fsck out of sparse.

Use unsigned long or uintptr_t instead. There are several places misusing
ptrdiff_t; fixed.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# d05be13b 19-Oct-2007 Jiri Slaby <jirislaby@kernel.org>

define first set of BIT* macros

define first set of BIT* macros

- move BITOP_MASK and BITOP_WORD from asm-generic/bitops/atomic.h to
include/linux/bitops.h and rename it to BIT_MASK and BIT_WORD
- move BITS_TO_LONGS and BITS_PER_BYTE to bitops.h too and allow easily
define another BITS_TO_something (e.g. in event.c) by BITS_TO_TYPE macro
Remaining (and common) BIT macro will be defined after all occurences and
conflicts will be sorted out in the patches.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jirislaby@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# e6243863 04-Dec-2006 Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>

[PATCH] Centralise definitions of sector_t and blkcnt_t

CONFIG_LBD and CONFIG_LSF are spread into asm/types.h for no particularly
good reason.

Centralising the definition in linux/types.h means that arch maintainers
don't need to bother adding it, as well as fixing the problem with
x86-64 users being asked to make a decision that has absolutely no

The H8/300 porters seem particularly confused since I'm not aware of any
microcontrollers that need to support 2TB filesystems.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 2bc35798 14-Nov-2006 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

[NET]: Introduce types for checksums.

New types - for 16bit checksums and "unfolded" 32bit variant.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 98a4a861 08-Nov-2006 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

[NETFILTER]: trivial annotations

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 2c2345c2 04-Oct-2006 Roger Gammans <roger@computer-surgery.co.uk>

[PATCH] Document bi_sector and sector_t

Signed-Off-By: Roger Gammans <rgammans@computer-surgery.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>

# 6e218287 01-Oct-2006 Richard Knutsson <ricknu-0@student.ltu.se>

[PATCH] Generic boolean

This patch defines:
* a generic boolean-type, named 'bool'
* aliases to 0 and 1, named 'false' and 'true'

Removing colliding definitions of 'bool', 'false' and 'true'.

Signed-off-by: Richard Knutsson <ricknu-0@student.ltu.se>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 6550e07f 12-Jun-2006 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

[PATCH] 64bit Resource: finally enable 64bit resource sizes

Introduce the Kconfig entry and actually switch to a 64bit value, if
wanted, for resource_size_t.

Based on a patch series originally from Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@in.ibm.com>

Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

# cf7c712c 12-Jun-2006 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

[PATCH] 64bit resource: introduce resource_size_t for the start and end of struct resource

But do not change it from what it currently is (unsigned long)

Based on a patch series originally from Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@in.ibm.com>

Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

# 62c4f0a2 25-Apr-2006 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>

Don't include linux/config.h from anywhere else in include/

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>

# a0f62ac6 26-Mar-2006 Takashi Sato <sho@tnes.nec.co.jp>

[PATCH] 2TB files: add blkcnt_t

Add blkcnt_t as the type of inode.i_blocks. This enables you to make the size
of blkcnt_t either 4 bytes or 8 bytes on 32 bits architecture with CONFIG_LSF.

Add new configuration parameter.
- blkcnt_t
On h8300, i386, mips, powerpc, s390 and sh that define sector_t,
blkcnt_t is defined as u64 if CONFIG_LSF is enabled; otherwise it is
defined as unsigned long.
On other architectures, it is defined as unsigned long.
- inode.i_blocks
Change the type from sector_t to blkcnt_t.

Signed-off-by: Takashi Sato <sho@tnes.nec.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# f7589f28 01-Feb-2006 Bryan O'Sullivan <bos@pathscale.com>


This can make the intent behind some arithmetic expressions clearer.

Signed-off-by: Bryan O'Sullivan <bos@pathscale.com>
Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# af4ca457 21-Oct-2005 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

[PATCH] gfp_t: infrastructure

Beginning of gfp_t annotations:

- -Wbitwise added to CHECKFLAGS
- old __bitwise renamed to __bitwise__
- __bitwise defined to either __bitwise__ or nothing, depending on
__CHECK_ENDIAN__ being defined
- gfp_t switched from __nocast to __bitwise__
- force cast to gfp_t added to __GFP_... constants
- new helper - gfp_zone(); extracts zone bits out of gfp_t value and casts
the result to int

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# dd0fc66f 07-Oct-2005 Al Viro <viro@ftp.linux.org.uk>

[PATCH] gfp flags annotations - part 1

- added typedef unsigned int __nocast gfp_t;

- replaced __nocast uses for gfp flags with gfp_t - it gives exactly
the same warnings as far as sparse is concerned, doesn't change
generated code (from gcc point of view we replaced unsigned int with
typedef) and documents what's going on far better.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 0ba2c6e8 13-Aug-2005 Harald Welte <laforge@netfilter.org>

[NETFILTER]: introduce and use aligned_u64 data type

As proposed by Andi Kleen, this is required esp. for x86_64 architecture,
where 64bit code needs 8byte aligned 64bit data types, but 32bit userspace
apps will only align to 4bytes.

Signed-off-by: Harald Welte <laforge@netfilter.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!