History log of /linux-master/include/linux/byteorder/generic.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# b4c80629 23-May-2021 Heinrich Schuchardt <xypron.glpk@gmx.de>

include/linux/byteorder/generic.h: fix index variables

In cpu_to_be32_array() and be32_to_cpu_array() the length of the array is
given by variable len of type size_t. An index variable of type int is used
to iterate over the array. This is bound to fail for len > INT_MAX and
lets GCC add instructions for sign extension.

Correct the type of the index variable.

Signed-off-by: Heinrich Schuchardt <xypron.glpk@gmx.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210523204958.64575-1-xypron.glpk@gmx.de
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# 9def0510 21-Mar-2018 Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>

crypto: Deduplicate le32_to_cpu_array() and cpu_to_le32_array()

Deduplicate le32_to_cpu_array() and cpu_to_le32_array() by moving them
to the generic header.

No functional change implied.

Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# f2f2efb8 02-Oct-2017 Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>

byteorder: Move {cpu_to_be32, be32_to_cpu}_array() from Thunderbolt to core

We will be using these when communicating XDomain discovery protocol
over Thunderbolt link but they might be useful for other drivers as

Make them available through byteorder/generic.h.

Suggested-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Michael Jamet <michael.jamet@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yehezkel Bernat <yehezkel.bernat@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 90a85643 06-Aug-2014 Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>

include/linux/byteorder/generic.h: minor comment fix

Signed-off-by: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 969a19f1 30-Apr-2008 Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>

Drop the exporting of empty <linux/byteorder/generic.h>

Fix up the contents of <linux/byteorder/> so that it doesn't export a
content-free generic.h to user space. This involves:

* Removing the __KERNEL__ tests from generic.h and dropping it from
* Wrapping the inclusions of generic.h in both big_endian.h and
little_endian.h in __KERNEL__ tests.
* Shifting big_endian.h and little_endian.h from header-y to
unifdef-y in Kbuild.

Signed-off-by: Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 8b5f6883 08-Feb-2008 Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com>

byteorder: move le32_add_cpu & friends from OCFS2 to core

This patchset moves le*_add_cpu and be*_add_cpu functions from OCFS2 to core
header (1st), converts ext3 filesystem to this API (2nd) and replaces XFS
different named functions with new ones (3rd).

There are many places where these functions will be useful. Just look at:
grep -r 'cpu_to_[ble12346]*([ble12346]*_to_cpu.*[-+]' linux-src/ Patch for
ext3 is an example how conversions will probably look like.

This patch:

- move inline functions which add native byte order variable to
little/big endian variable to core header
* le16_add_cpu(__le16 *var, u16 val)
* le32_add_cpu(__le32 *var, u32 val)
* le64_add_cpu(__le64 *var, u64 val)
* be32_add_cpu(__be32 *var, u32 val)
- add for completeness:
* be16_add_cpu(__be16 *var, u16 val)
* be64_add_cpu(__be64 *var, u64 val)

Signed-off-by: Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com>
Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com>
Cc: Timothy Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# ee7b9e37 08-May-2007 Michal Schmidt <xschmi00@stud.feec.vutbr.cz>

Fix compilation of drivers with -O0

It is sometimes useful to compile individual drivers with optimization
disabled for easier debugging. Currently drivers which use htonl() and
similar functions don't compile with -O0. This patch fixes it. It also
removes obsolete and misleading comments. This header is not for
userspace, so we don't have to care about strange programs these comments

(akpm: -O0 probably isn't a good idea, but this code looks pretty crufty and

Signed-off-by: Michal Schmidt <mschmidt@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# a1365647 08-Jan-2006 Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>

[PATCH] remove gcc-2 checks

Remove various things which were checking for gcc-1.x and gcc-2.x compilers.

From: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>

Some documentation updates and removes some code paths for gcc < 3.2.

Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# e0487992 19-Sep-2005 Ed L. Cashin <ecashin@coraid.com>

[BYTEORDER]: Document alignment and byteorder macros

This patch comments the fact that although passing le64_to_cpup et
al. is within the intended use of the byteorder macros, using
get_unaligned is the recommended way to go.

Signed-off-by: Ed L. Cashin <ecashin@coraid.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!