History log of /linux-master/fs/nfs/symlink.c
Revision Date Author Comments
# a46126cc 30-Apr-2019 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

nfs: pass the correct prototype to read_cache_page

Fix the callbacks NFS passes to read_cache_page to actually have the
proper type expected. Casting around function pointers can easily
hide typing bugs, and defeats control flow protection.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Anna Schumaker <Anna.Schumaker@Netapp.com>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# dfeef688 09-Dec-2016 Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>

vfs: remove ".readlink = generic_readlink" assignments

If .readlink == NULL implies generic_readlink().

Generated by:

for i in `git grep -l $to_del`; do sed -i "/$to_del"/d $i; done

Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>

# fceef393 29-Dec-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

switch ->get_link() to delayed_call, kill ->put_link()

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 0d0def49 17-Nov-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

teach nfs_get_link() to work in RCU mode

based upon the corresponding patch from Neil's March patchset,
again with kmap-related horrors removed.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 6b255391 17-Nov-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

replace ->follow_link() with new method that could stay in RCU mode

new method: ->get_link(); replacement of ->follow_link(). The differences
* inode and dentry are passed separately
* might be called both in RCU and non-RCU mode;
the former is indicated by passing it a NULL dentry.
* when called that way it isn't allowed to block
and should return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD) if it needs to be called
in non-RCU mode.

It's a flagday change - the old method is gone, all in-tree instances
converted. Conversion isn't hard; said that, so far very few instances
do not immediately bail out when called in RCU mode. That'll change
in the next commits.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 21fc61c7 16-Nov-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

don't put symlink bodies in pagecache into highmem

kmap() in page_follow_link_light() needed to go - allowing to hold
an arbitrary number of kmaps for long is a great way to deadlocking
the system.

new helper (inode_nohighmem(inode)) needs to be used for pagecache
symlinks inodes; done for all in-tree cases. page_follow_link_light()
instrumented to yell about anything missed.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 6e77137b 02-May-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

don't pass nameidata to ->follow_link()

its only use is getting passed to nd_jump_link(), which can obtain
it from current->nameidata

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 680baacb 02-May-2015 Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

new ->follow_link() and ->put_link() calling conventions

a) instead of storing the symlink body (via nd_set_link()) and returning
an opaque pointer later passed to ->put_link(), ->follow_link() _stores_
that opaque pointer (into void * passed by address by caller) and returns
the symlink body. Returning ERR_PTR() on error, NULL on jump (procfs magic
symlinks) and pointer to symlink body for normal symlinks. Stored pointer
is ignored in all cases except the last one.

Storing NULL for opaque pointer (or not storing it at all) means no call
of ->put_link().

b) the body used to be passed to ->put_link() implicitly (via nameidata).
Now only the opaque pointer is. In the cases when we used the symlink body
to free stuff, ->follow_link() now should store it as opaque pointer in addition
to returning it.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 2b0143b5 17-Mar-2015 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

VFS: normal filesystems (and lustre): d_inode() annotations

that's the bulk of filesystem drivers dealing with inodes of their own

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

# 5a0e3ad6 24-Mar-2010 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>

include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h

percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which
in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.

percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for
this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion
needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
used as the basis of conversion.


The script does the followings.

* Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used,
gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.

* When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains
core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
doesn't seem to be any matching order.

* If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the

The conversion was done in the following steps.

1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400

2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion,
some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added
inclusions to around 150 files.

3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.

4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.

5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h
inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each
slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as

6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.

7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).

* x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
* powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
* sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
* ia64 SMP allmodconfig
* s390 SMP allmodconfig
* alpha SMP allmodconfig
* um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig

8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
a separate patch and serve as bisection point.

Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
the specific arch.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>

# 1cda707d 19-Feb-2010 Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

NFS: Remove requirement for inode->i_mutex from nfs_invalidate_mapping

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

# 065f30ec 19-Jan-2008 J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu>

nfs: remove unnecessary NFS_NEED_* defines

Thanks to Robert Day for pointing out that these two defines are unused.

Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond@netapp.com>Trond Myklebust <trond@netapp.com>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: "Robert P. J. Day" <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>

# e63340ae 08-May-2007 Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>

header cleaning: don't include smp_lock.h when not used

Remove includes of <linux/smp_lock.h> where it is not used/needed.
Suggested by Al Viro.

Builds cleanly on x86_64, i386, alpha, ia64, powerpc, sparc,
sparc64, and arm (all 59 defconfigs).

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 6fe6900e 06-May-2007 Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

mm: make read_cache_page synchronous

Ensure pages are uptodate after returning from read_cache_page, which allows
us to cut out most of the filesystem-internal PageUptodate calls.

I didn't have a great look down the call chains, but this appears to fixes 7
possible use-before uptodate in hfs, 2 in hfsplus, 1 in jfs, a few in
ecryptfs, 1 in jffs2, and a possible cleared data overwritten with readpage in
block2mtd. All depending on whether the filler is async and/or can return
with a !uptodate page.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 92e1d5be 12-Feb-2007 Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>

[PATCH] mark struct inode_operations const 2

Many struct inode_operations in the kernel can be "const". Marking them const
moves these to the .rodata section, which avoids false sharing with potential
dirty data. In addition it'll catch accidental writes at compile time to
these shared resources.

Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 717d44e8 24-Jan-2007 Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

[PATCH] NFS: Fix races in nfs_revalidate_mapping()

Prevent the call to invalidate_inode_pages2() from racing with file writes
by taking the inode->i_mutex across the page cache flush and invalidate.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# eb5f8545 17-Oct-2006 Frank Filz <ffilzlnx@us.ibm.com>

NFS: Remove use of the Big Kernel Lock around nfs calls to readlink

Remove use of the Big Kernel Lock around indirect calls to
nfs3_proc_readlink and nfs4_proc_readlink, both of which
basically call rpc_call_sync.

Signed-off-by: Frank Filz <ffilz@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

# 9bf2aa12 25-Jun-2006 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>

nfs: remove nfs_put_link()

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

# 44b11874 24-May-2006 Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

NFS: Separate metadata and page cache revalidation mechanisms

Separate out the function of revalidating the inode metadata, and
revalidating the mapping. The former may be called by lookup(),
and only really needs to check that permissions, ctime, etc haven't changed
whereas the latter needs only done when we want to read data from the page
cache, and may need to sync and then invalidate the mapping.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

# cc314eef 19-Aug-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>

Fix nasty ncpfs symlink handling bug.

This bug could cause oopses and page state corruption, because ncpfs
used the generic page-cache symlink handlign functions. But those
functions only work if the page cache is guaranteed to be "stable", ie a
page that was installed when the symlink walk was started has to still
be installed in the page cache at the end of the walk.

We could have fixed ncpfs to not use the generic helper routines, but it
is in many ways much cleaner to instead improve on the symlink walking
helper routines so that they don't require that absolute stability.

We do this by allowing "follow_link()" to return a error-pointer as a
cookie, which is fed back to the cleanup "put_link()" routine. This
also simplifies NFS symlink handling.

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!