History log of /linux-master/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
Revision Date Author Comments
# 5dc91f2d 02-Feb-2022 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

x86/boot: Add an efi.h header for the decompressor

Copy the needed symbols only and remove the kernel proper includes.

No functional changes.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/YlCKWhMJEMUgJmjF@zn.tnic


# eb4ea1ae 05-Apr-2022 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

x86/boot: Port I/O: Allow to hook up alternative helpers

Port I/O instructions trigger #VE in the TDX environment. In response to
the exception, kernel emulates these instructions using hypercalls.

But during early boot, on the decompression stage, it is cumbersome to
deal with #VE. It is cleaner to go to hypercalls directly, bypassing #VE
handling.

Add a way to hook up alternative port I/O helpers in the boot stub with
a new pio_ops structure. For now, set the ops structure to just call
the normal I/O operation functions.

out*()/in*() macros redefined to use pio_ops callbacks. It eliminates
need in changing call sites. io_delay() changed to use port I/O helper
instead of inline assembly.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20220405232939.73860-16-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com


# 1e8f93e1 05-Apr-2022 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

x86: Consolidate port I/O helpers

There are two implementations of port I/O helpers: one in the kernel and
one in the boot stub.

Move the helpers required for both to <asm/shared/io.h> and use the one
implementation everywhere.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20220405232939.73860-15-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com


# 4b05f815 05-Apr-2022 Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>

x86/tdx: Detect TDX at early kernel decompression time

The early decompression code does port I/O for its console output. But,
handling the decompression-time port I/O demands a different approach
from normal runtime because the IDT required to support #VE based port
I/O emulation is not yet set up. Paravirtualizing I/O calls during
the decompression step is acceptable because the decompression code
doesn't have a lot of call sites to IO instruction.

To support port I/O in decompression code, TDX must be detected before
the decompression code might do port I/O. Detect whether the kernel runs
in a TDX guest.

Add an early_is_tdx_guest() interface to query the cached TDX guest
status in the decompression code.

TDX is detected with CPUID. Make cpuid_count() accessible outside
boot/cpuflags.c.

TDX detection in the main kernel is very similar. Move common bits
into <asm/shared/tdx.h>.

The actual port I/O paravirtualization will come later in the series.

Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20220405232939.73860-13-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com


# 76f61e1e 24-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/64: Add identity mapping for Confidential Computing blob

The run-time kernel will need to access the Confidential Computing blob
very early during boot to access the CPUID table it points to. At that
stage, it will be relying on the identity-mapped page table set up by
the boot/compressed kernel, so make sure the blob and the CPUID table it
points to are mapped in advance.

[ bp: Massage. ]

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-38-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# a9ee679b 24-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed: Export and rename add_identity_map()

SEV-specific code will need to add some additional mappings, but doing
this within ident_map_64.c requires some SEV-specific helpers to be
exported and some SEV-specific struct definitions to be pulled into
ident_map_64.c. Instead, export add_identity_map() so SEV-specific (and
other subsystem-specific) code can be better contained outside of
ident_map_64.c.

While at it, rename the function to kernel_add_identity_map(), similar
to the kernel_ident_mapping_init() function it relies upon.

No functional changes.

Suggested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-37-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# dee602dd 24-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/acpi: Move EFI vendor table lookup to helper

Future patches for SEV-SNP-validated CPUID will also require early
parsing of the EFI configuration. Incrementally move the related code
into a set of helpers that can be re-used for that purpose.

[ bp: Unbreak unnecessarily broken lines. ]

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-28-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# 61c14ced 24-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/acpi: Move EFI config table lookup to helper

Future patches for SEV-SNP-validated CPUID will also require early
parsing of the EFI configuration. Incrementally move the related code
into a set of helpers that can be re-used for that purpose.

[ bp: Remove superfluous zeroing of a stack variable. ]

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-27-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# 58f3e6b7 24-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/acpi: Move EFI system table lookup to helper

Future patches for SEV-SNP-validated CPUID will also require early
parsing of the EFI configuration. Incrementally move the related
code into a set of helpers that can be re-used for that purpose.

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-26-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# 7c4146e8 08-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/acpi: Move EFI detection to helper

Future patches for SEV-SNP-validated CPUID will also require early
parsing of the EFI configuration. Incrementally move the related code
into a set of helpers that can be re-used for that purpose.

First, carve out the functionality which determines the EFI environment
type the machine is booting on.

[ bp: Massage commit message. ]

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-25-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# 4f9c403e 08-Feb-2022 Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>

x86/compressed: Add helper for validating pages in the decompression stage

Many of the integrity guarantees of SEV-SNP are enforced through the
Reverse Map Table (RMP). Each RMP entry contains the GPA at which a
particular page of DRAM should be mapped. The VMs can request the
hypervisor to add pages in the RMP table via the Page State Change
VMGEXIT defined in the GHCB specification.

Inside each RMP entry is a Validated flag; this flag is automatically
cleared to 0 by the CPU hardware when a new RMP entry is created for a
guest. Each VM page can be either validated or invalidated, as indicated
by the Validated flag in the RMP entry. Memory access to a private page
that is not validated generates a #VC. A VM must use the PVALIDATE
instruction to validate a private page before using it.

To maintain the security guarantee of SEV-SNP guests, when transitioning
pages from private to shared, the guest must invalidate the pages before
asking the hypervisor to change the page state to shared in the RMP table.

After the pages are mapped private in the page table, the guest must
issue a page state change VMGEXIT to mark the pages private in the RMP
table and validate them.

Upon boot, BIOS should have validated the entire system memory.
During the kernel decompression stage, early_setup_ghcb() uses
set_page_decrypted() to make the GHCB page shared (i.e. clear encryption
attribute). And while exiting from the decompression, it calls
set_page_encrypted() to make the page private.

Add snp_set_page_{private,shared}() helpers that are used by
set_page_{decrypted,encrypted}() to change the page state in the RMP
table.

[ bp: Massage commit message and comments. ]

Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-16-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# ec1c66af 08-Feb-2022 Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>

x86/compressed/64: Detect/setup SEV/SME features earlier during boot

With upcoming SEV-SNP support, SEV-related features need to be
initialized earlier during boot, at the same point the initial #VC
handler is set up, so that the SEV-SNP CPUID table can be utilized
during the initial feature checks. Also, SEV-SNP feature detection
will rely on EFI helper functions to scan the EFI config table for the
Confidential Computing blob, and so would need to be implemented at
least partially in C.

Currently set_sev_encryption_mask() is used to initialize the
sev_status and sme_me_mask globals that advertise what SEV/SME features
are available in a guest. Rename it to sev_enable() to better reflect
that (SME is only enabled in the case of SEV guests in the
boot/compressed kernel), and move it to just after the stage1 #VC
handler is set up so that it can be used to initialize SEV-SNP as well
in future patches.

While at it, re-implement it as C code so that all SEV feature
detection can be better consolidated with upcoming SEV-SNP feature
detection, which will also be in C.

The 32-bit entry path remains unchanged, as it never relied on the
set_sev_encryption_mask() initialization to begin with.

[ bp: Massage commit message. ]

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220307213356.2797205-8-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# 33f98a97 13-Oct-2021 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/boot/compressed: Avoid duplicate malloc() implementations

The early malloc() and free() implementation in include/linux/decompress/mm.h
(which is also included by the static decompressors) is static. This is
fine when the only thing interested in using malloc() is the decompression
code, but the x86 early boot environment may use malloc() in a couple places,
leading to a potential collision when the static copies of the available
memory region ("malloc_ptr") gets reset to the global "free_mem_ptr" value.
As it happened, the existing usage pattern was accidentally safe because each
user did 1 malloc() and 1 free() before returning and were not nested:

extract_kernel() (misc.c)
choose_random_location() (kaslr.c)
mem_avoid_init()
handle_mem_options()
malloc()
...
free()
...
parse_elf() (misc.c)
malloc()
...
free()

Once the future FGKASLR series is added, however, it will insert
additional malloc() calls local to fgkaslr.c in the middle of
parse_elf()'s malloc()/free() pair:

parse_elf() (misc.c)
malloc()
if (...) {
layout_randomized_image(output, &ehdr, phdrs);
malloc() <- boom
...
else
layout_image(output, &ehdr, phdrs);
free()

To avoid collisions, there must be a single implementation of malloc().
Adjust include/linux/decompress/mm.h so that visibility can be
controlled, provide prototypes in misc.h, and implement the functions in
misc.c. This also results in a small size savings:

$ size vmlinux.before vmlinux.after
text data bss dec hex filename
8842314 468 178320 9021102 89a6ae vmlinux.before
8842240 468 178320 9021028 89a664 vmlinux.after

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211013175742.1197608-4-keescook@chromium.org


# cfecea6e 18-Jun-2021 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

lib/string: Move helper functions out of string.c

The core functions of string.c are those that may be implemented by
per-architecture functions, or overloaded by FORTIFY_SOURCE. As a
result, it needs to be built with __NO_FORTIFY. Without this, macros
will collide with function declarations. This was accidentally working
due to -ffreestanding (on some architectures). Make this deterministic
by explicitly setting __NO_FORTIFY and move all the helper functions
into string_helpers.c so that they gain the fortification coverage they
had been missing.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Cc: Andy Lavr <andy.lavr@gmail.com>
Cc: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>
Acked-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>


# a554e740 22-Apr-2021 Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>

x86/boot/compressed: Enable -Wundef

A discussion around -Wundef showed that there were still a few boolean
Kconfigs where #if was used rather than #ifdef to guard different code.
Kconfig doesn't define boolean configs, which can result in -Wundef
warnings.

arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile resets the CFLAGS used for this
directory, and doesn't re-enable -Wundef as the top level Makefile does.
If re-added, with RANDOMIZE_BASE and X86_NEED_RELOCS disabled, the
following warnings are visible.

arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h:82:5: warning: 'CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE'
is not defined, evaluates to 0 [-Wundef]
^
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c:175:5: warning: 'CONFIG_X86_NEED_RELOCS'
is not defined, evaluates to 0 [-Wundef]
^

Simply fix these and re-enable this warning for this directory.

Suggested-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210422190450.3903999-1-ndesaulniers@google.com


# b099155e 10-Mar-2021 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Cleanup exception handling before booting kernel

Disable the exception handling before booting the kernel to make sure
any exceptions that happen during early kernel boot are not directed to
the pre-decompression code.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210312123824.306-2-joro@8bytes.org


# 8a494023 22-Dec-2020 Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>

kasan, x86, s390: update undef CONFIG_KASAN

With the intoduction of hardware tag-based KASAN some kernel checks of
this kind:

ifdef CONFIG_KASAN

will be updated to:

if defined(CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC) || defined(CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS)

x86 and s390 use a trick to #undef CONFIG_KASAN for some of the code
that isn't linked with KASAN runtime and shouldn't have any KASAN
annotations.

Also #undef CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC with CONFIG_KASAN.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/9d84bfaaf8fabe0fc89f913c9e420a30bd31a260.1606161801.git.andreyknvl@google.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Acked-by: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Tested-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Branislav Rankov <Branislav.Rankov@arm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Evgenii Stepanov <eugenis@google.com>
Cc: Kevin Brodsky <kevin.brodsky@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 86ce43f7 28-Oct-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Check SEV encryption in 64-bit boot-path

Check whether the hypervisor reported the correct C-bit when running as
an SEV guest. Using a wrong C-bit position could be used to leak
sensitive data from the guest to the hypervisor.

The check function is in a separate file:

arch/x86/kernel/sev_verify_cbit.S

so that it can be re-used in the running kernel image.

[ bp: Massage. ]

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201028164659.27002-4-joro@8bytes.org


# f5ed7775 07-Sep-2020 Martin Radev <martin.b.radev@gmail.com>

x86/sev-es: Check required CPU features for SEV-ES

Make sure the machine supports RDRAND, otherwise there is no trusted
source of randomness in the system.

To also check this in the pre-decompression stage, make has_cpuflag()
not depend on CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE anymore.

Signed-off-by: Martin Radev <martin.b.radev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-73-joro@8bytes.org


# 69add17a 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Unmap GHCB page before booting the kernel

Force a page-fault on any further accesses to the GHCB page when they
shouldn't happen anymore. This will catch any bugs where a #VC exception
is raised even though none is expected anymore.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-25-joro@8bytes.org


# 597cfe48 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Setup a GHCB-based VC Exception handler

Install an exception handler for #VC exception that uses a GHCB. Also
add the infrastructure for handling different exit-codes by decoding
the instruction that caused the exception and error handling.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-24-joro@8bytes.org


# c81d6002 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Add set_page_en/decrypted() helpers

The functions are needed to map the GHCB for SEV-ES guests. The GHCB
is used for communication with the hypervisor, so its content must not
be encrypted. After the GHCB is not needed anymore it must be mapped
encrypted again so that the running kernel image can safely re-use the
memory.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-23-joro@8bytes.org


# 29dcc60f 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Add stage1 #VC handler

Add the first handler for #VC exceptions. At stage 1 there is no GHCB
yet because the kernel might still be running on the EFI page table.

The stage 1 handler is limited to the MSR-based protocol to talk to the
hypervisor and can only support CPUID exit-codes, but that is enough to
get to stage 2.

[ bp: Zap superfluous newlines after rd/wrmsr instruction mnemonics. ]

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-20-joro@8bytes.org


# 8570978e 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Don't pre-map memory in KASLR code

With the page-fault handler in place, he identity mapping can be built
on-demand. So remove the code which manually creates the mappings and
unexport/remove the functions used for it.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-18-joro@8bytes.org


# 8b0d3b3b 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Add page-fault handler

Install a page-fault handler to add an identity mapping to addresses
not yet mapped. Also do some checking whether the error code is sane.

This makes non SEV-ES machines use the exception handling
infrastructure in the pre-decompressions boot code too, making it less
likely to break in the future.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-16-joro@8bytes.org


# 5f2bb016 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Rename kaslr_64.c to ident_map_64.c

The file contains only code related to identity-mapped page tables.
Rename the file and compile it always in.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-15-joro@8bytes.org


# 64e68263 07-Sep-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed/64: Add IDT Infrastructure

Add code needed to setup an IDT in the early pre-decompression
boot-code. The IDT is loaded first in startup_64, which is after
EfiExitBootServices() has been called, and later reloaded when the
kernel image has been relocated to the end of the decompression area.

This allows to setup different IDT handlers before and after the
relocation.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200907131613.12703-14-joro@8bytes.org


# 3a066990 28-Jul-2020 Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>

x86/kaslr: Replace 'unsigned long long' with 'u64'

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200728225722.67457-20-nivedita@alum.mit.edu


# c90beea2 19-Mar-2020 Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

x86/boot/compressed: Fix debug_puthex() parameter type

In the CONFIG_X86_VERBOSE_BOOTUP=Y case, the debug_puthex() macro just
turns into __puthex(), which takes 'unsigned long' as parameter.

But in the CONFIG_X86_VERBOSE_BOOTUP=N case, it is a function which
takes 'unsigned char *', causing compile warnings when the function is
used. Fix the parameter type to get rid of the warnings.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200319091407.1481-11-joro@8bytes.org


# 8c5477e8 16-Jul-2019 Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com>

x86, boot: Remove multiple copy of static function sanitize_boot_params()

Kernel build warns:
'sanitize_boot_params' defined but not used [-Wunused-function]

at below files:
arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c
arch/x86/boot/compressed/error.c
arch/x86/boot/compressed/early_serial_console.c
arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c

That's becausethey each include misc.h which includes a definition of
sanitize_boot_params() via bootparam_utils.h.

Remove the inclusion from misc.h and have the c file including
bootparam_utils.h directly.

Signed-off-by: Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1563283092-1189-1-git-send-email-zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com


# 0f02daed 03-Mar-2019 Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>

x86/boot: Fix incorrect ifdeffery scope

The declarations related to immovable memory handling are out of the
BOOT_COMPRESSED_MISC_H #ifdef scope, wrap them inside.

Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190304055546.18566-1-bhe@redhat.com


# 82df8261 05-Feb-2019 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

x86/boot: Fix randconfig build error due to MEMORY_HOTREMOVE

When building randconfigs, one of the failures is:

ld: arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.o: in function `choose_random_location':
kaslr.c:(.text+0xbf7): undefined reference to `count_immovable_mem_regions'
ld: kaslr.c:(.text+0xcbe): undefined reference to `immovable_mem'
make[2]: *** [arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux] Error 1

because CONFIG_ACPI is not enabled in this particular .config but
CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE is and count_immovable_mem_regions() is
unresolvable because it is defined in compressed/acpi.c which is the
compilation unit that depends on CONFIG_ACPI.

Add CONFIG_ACPI to the explicit dependencies for MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190205131033.9564-1-bp@alien8.de


# 82f9ed3a 04-Feb-2019 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

x86/boot: Fix cmdline_find_option() prototype visibility

ac09c5f43cf6 ("x86/boot: Build the command line parsing code unconditionally")

enabled building the command line parsing code unconditionally but it
forgot to remove the respective ifdeffery around the prototypes in the
misc.h header, leading to

arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c: In function ‘get_acpi_rsdp’:
arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c:37:8: warning: implicit declaration of function \
‘cmdline_find_option’ [-Wimplicit-function-declaration]
ret = cmdline_find_option("acpi_rsdp", val, MAX_ADDR_LEN);
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

for configs where neither CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK nor CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
was defined.

Drop the ifdeffery in the header too.

Fixes: ac09c5f43cf6 ("x86/boot: Build the command line parsing code unconditionally")
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/5c51daf0.83pQEkvDZILqoSYW%lkp@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190205131352.GA27396@zn.tnic


# 690eaa53 23-Jan-2019 Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>

x86/boot/KASLR: Limit KASLR to extract the kernel in immovable memory only

KASLR may randomly choose a range which is located in movable memory
regions. As a result, this will break memory hotplug and make the
movable memory chosen by KASLR immovable.

Therefore, limit KASLR to choose memory regions in the immovable range
after consulting the SRAT table.

[ bp:
- Rewrite commit message.
- Trim comments.
]

Signed-off-by: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: kasong@redhat.com
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: msys.mizuma@gmail.com
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190123110850.12433-8-fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com


# 02a3e3cd 23-Jan-2019 Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>

x86/boot: Parse SRAT table and count immovable memory regions

Parse SRAT for the immovable memory regions and use that information to
control which offset KASLR selects so that it doesn't overlap with any
movable region.

[ bp:
- Move struct mem_vector where it is visible so that it builds.
- Correct comments.
- Rewrite commit message.
]

Signed-off-by: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: <indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: <kasong@redhat.com>
Cc: <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: <msys.mizuma@gmail.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190123110850.12433-7-fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com


# 3a63f70b 23-Jan-2019 Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>

x86/boot: Early parse RSDP and save it in boot_params

The RSDP is needed by KASLR so parse it early and save it in
boot_params.acpi_rsdp_addr, before KASLR setup runs.

RSDP is needed by other kernel facilities so have the parsing code
built-in instead of a long "depends on" line in Kconfig.

[ bp:
- Trim commit message and comments
- Add CONFIG_ACPI dependency in the Makefile
- Move ->acpi_rsdp_addr assignment with the rest of boot_params massaging in extract_kernel().
]

Signed-off-by: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: bhe@redhat.com
Cc: Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: kasong@redhat.com
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: msys.mizuma@gmail.com
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190123110850.12433-6-fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com


# 3c98e71b 23-Jan-2019 Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>

x86/boot: Add "acpi_rsdp=" early parsing

KASLR may randomly choose offsets which are located in movable memory
regions resulting in the movable memory becoming immovable.

The ACPI SRAT (System/Static Resource Affinity Table) describes memory
ranges including ranges of memory provided by hot-added memory devices.
In order to access SRAT, one needs the Root System Description Pointer
(RSDP) with which to find the Root/Extended System Description Table
(R/XSDT) which then contains the system description tables of which SRAT
is one of.

In case the RSDP address has been passed on the command line (kexec-ing
a second kernel) parse it from there.

[ bp: Rewrite the commit message and cleanup the code. ]

Signed-off-by: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: bhe@redhat.com
Cc: caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: kasong@redhat.com
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: msys.mizuma@gmail.com
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190123110850.12433-3-fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com


# c00a280a 28-Aug-2018 Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>

x86/paravirt: Introduce new config option PARAVIRT_XXL

A large amount of paravirt ops is used by Xen PV guests only. Add a new
config option PARAVIRT_XXL which is selected by XEN_PV. Later we can
put the Xen PV only paravirt ops under the PARAVIRT_XXL umbrella.

Since irq related paravirt ops are used only by VSMP and Xen PV, let
VSMP select PARAVIRT_XXL, too, in order to enable moving the irq ops
under PARAVIRT_XXL.

Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: akataria@vmware.com
Cc: rusty@rustcorp.com.au
Cc: boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com
Cc: hpa@zytor.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180828074026.820-11-jgross@suse.com


# ad3fe525 18-May-2018 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

x86/mm: Unify pgtable_l5_enabled usage in early boot code

Usually pgtable_l5_enabled is defined using cpu_feature_enabled().
cpu_feature_enabled() is not available in early boot code. We use
several different preprocessor tricks to get around it. It's messy.

Unify them all.

If cpu_feature_enabled() is not yet available, USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5 can
be defined before all includes. It makes pgtable_l5_enabled rely on
__pgtable_l5_enabled variable instead. This approach fits all early
users.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518103528.59260-3-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 07344b15 27-Mar-2018 Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>

x86/boot: Fix SEV boot failure from change to __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT

In arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c, CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT support was
initially #undef'd to support SME with minimal effort. When support for
SEV was added, the #undef remained and some minimal support for setting the
encryption bit was added for building identity mapped pagetable entries.

Commit b83ce5ee9147 ("x86/mm/64: Make __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT always 52")
changed __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT from 46 to 52 in support of 5-level paging.
This change resulted in SEV guests failing to boot because the encryption
bit was no longer being automatically masked out. The compressed boot
path now requires sme_me_mask to be defined in order for the pagetable
functions, such as pud_present(), to properly mask out the encryption bit
(currently bit 47) when evaluating pagetable entries.

Add an sme_me_mask variable in arch/x86/boot/compressed/mem_encrypt.S,
which is set when SEV is active, delete the #undef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
from arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c and use sme_me_mask when building
the identify mapped pagetable entries.

Fixes: b83ce5ee9147 ("x86/mm/64: Make __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT always 52")
Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180327220711.8702.55842.stgit@tlendack-t1.amdoffice.net


# 39b95522 16-Feb-2018 Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

x86/mm: Optimize boot-time paging mode switching cost

By this point we have functioning boot-time switching between 4- and
5-level paging mode. But naive approach comes with cost.

Numbers below are for kernel build, allmodconfig, 5 times.

CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL=n:

Performance counter stats for 'sh -c make -j100 -B -k >/dev/null' (5 runs):

17308719.892691 task-clock:u (msec) # 26.772 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.11% )
0 context-switches:u # 0.000 K/sec
0 cpu-migrations:u # 0.000 K/sec
331,993,164 page-faults:u # 0.019 M/sec ( +- 0.01% )
43,614,978,867,455 cycles:u # 2.520 GHz ( +- 0.01% )
39,371,534,575,126 stalled-cycles-frontend:u # 90.27% frontend cycles idle ( +- 0.09% )
28,363,350,152,428 instructions:u # 0.65 insn per cycle
# 1.39 stalled cycles per insn ( +- 0.00% )
6,316,784,066,413 branches:u # 364.948 M/sec ( +- 0.00% )
250,808,144,781 branch-misses:u # 3.97% of all branches ( +- 0.01% )

646.531974142 seconds time elapsed ( +- 1.15% )

CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL=y:

Performance counter stats for 'sh -c make -j100 -B -k >/dev/null' (5 runs):

17411536.780625 task-clock:u (msec) # 26.426 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.10% )
0 context-switches:u # 0.000 K/sec
0 cpu-migrations:u # 0.000 K/sec
331,868,663 page-faults:u # 0.019 M/sec ( +- 0.01% )
43,865,909,056,301 cycles:u # 2.519 GHz ( +- 0.01% )
39,740,130,365,581 stalled-cycles-frontend:u # 90.59% frontend cycles idle ( +- 0.05% )
28,363,358,997,959 instructions:u # 0.65 insn per cycle
# 1.40 stalled cycles per insn ( +- 0.00% )
6,316,784,937,460 branches:u # 362.793 M/sec ( +- 0.00% )
251,531,919,485 branch-misses:u # 3.98% of all branches ( +- 0.00% )

658.886307752 seconds time elapsed ( +- 0.92% )

The patch tries to fix the performance regression by using
cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_LA57) instead of pgtable_l5_enabled in
all hot code paths. These will statically patch the target code for
additional performance.

CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL=y + the patch:

Performance counter stats for 'sh -c make -j100 -B -k >/dev/null' (5 runs):

17381990.268506 task-clock:u (msec) # 26.907 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.19% )
0 context-switches:u # 0.000 K/sec
0 cpu-migrations:u # 0.000 K/sec
331,862,625 page-faults:u # 0.019 M/sec ( +- 0.01% )
43,697,726,320,051 cycles:u # 2.514 GHz ( +- 0.03% )
39,480,408,690,401 stalled-cycles-frontend:u # 90.35% frontend cycles idle ( +- 0.05% )
28,363,394,221,388 instructions:u # 0.65 insn per cycle
# 1.39 stalled cycles per insn ( +- 0.00% )
6,316,794,985,573 branches:u # 363.410 M/sec ( +- 0.00% )
251,013,232,547 branch-misses:u # 3.97% of all branches ( +- 0.01% )

645.991174661 seconds time elapsed ( +- 1.19% )

Unfortunately, this approach doesn't help with text size:

vmlinux.before .text size: 8190319
vmlinux.after .text size: 8200623

The .text section is increased by about 4k. Not sure if we can do anything
about this.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shuemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180216114948.68868-4-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 1958b5fc 20-Oct-2017 Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>

x86/boot: Add early boot support when running with SEV active

Early in the boot process, add checks to determine if the kernel is
running with Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) active.

Checking for SEV requires checking that the kernel is running under a
hypervisor (CPUID 0x00000001, bit 31), that the SEV feature is available
(CPUID 0x8000001f, bit 1) and then checking a non-interceptable SEV MSR
(0xc0010131, bit 0).

This check is required so that during early compressed kernel booting the
pagetables (both the boot pagetables and KASLR pagetables (if enabled) are
updated to include the encryption mask so that when the kernel is
decompressed into encrypted memory, it can boot properly.

After the kernel is decompressed and continues booting the same logic is
used to check if SEV is active and set a flag indicating so. This allows
to distinguish between SME and SEV, each of which have unique differences
in how certain things are handled: e.g. DMA (always bounce buffered with
SEV) or EFI tables (always access decrypted with SME).

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Tested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171020143059.3291-13-brijesh.singh@amd.com


# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
lines).

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|-------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
---------------------------------------------------|------
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


# 8eabf42a 27-Jun-2017 Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>

x86/boot/KASLR: Fix kexec crash due to 'virt_addr' calculation bug

Kernel text KASLR is separated into physical address and virtual
address randomization. And for virtual address randomization, we
only randomiza to get an offset between 16M and KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE.
So the initial value of 'virt_addr' should be LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR,
but not the original kernel loading address 'output'.

The bug will cause kernel boot failure if kernel is loaded at a different
position than the address, 16M, which is decided at compiled time.
Kexec/kdump is such practical case.

To fix it, just assign LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR to virt_addr as initial
value.

Tested-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Fixes: 8391c73 ("x86/KASLR: Randomize virtual address separately")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498567146-11990-3-git-send-email-bhe@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 8391c73c 25-May-2016 Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>

x86/KASLR: Randomize virtual address separately

The current KASLR implementation randomizes the physical and virtual
addresses of the kernel together (both are offset by the same amount). It
calculates the delta of the physical address where vmlinux was linked
to load and where it is finally loaded. If the delta is not equal to 0
(i.e. the kernel was relocated), relocation handling needs be done.

On 64-bit, this patch randomizes both the physical address where kernel
is decompressed and the virtual address where kernel text is mapped and
will execute from. We now have two values being chosen, so the function
arguments are reorganized to pass by pointer so they can be directly
updated. Since relocation handling only depends on the virtual address,
we must check the virtual delta, not the physical delta for processing
kernel relocations. This also populates the page table for the new
virtual address range. 32-bit does not support a separate virtual address,
so it continues to use the physical offset for its virtual offset.

Additionally updates the sanity checks done on the resulting kernel
addresses since they are potentially separate now.

[kees: rewrote changelog, limited virtual split to 64-bit only, update checks]
[kees: fix CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE=n boot failure]
Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1464216334-17200-4-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 11fdf97a 25-May-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/KASLR: Clarify identity map interface

This extracts the call to prepare_level4() into a top-level function
that the user of the pagetable.c interface must call to initialize
the new page tables. For clarity and to match the "finalize" function,
it has been renamed to initialize_identity_maps(). This function also
gains the initialization of mapping_info so we don't have to do it each
time in add_identity_map().

Additionally add copyright notice to the top, to make it clear that the
bulk of the pagetable.c code was written by Yinghai, and that I just
added bugs later. :)

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1464216334-17200-3-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 3a94707d 06-May-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/KASLR: Build identity mappings on demand

Currently KASLR only supports relocation in a small physical range (from
16M to 1G), due to using the initial kernel page table identity mapping.
To support ranges above this, we need to have an identity mapping for the
desired memory range before we can decompress (and later run) the kernel.

32-bit kernels already have the needed identity mapping. This patch adds
identity mappings for the needed memory ranges on 64-bit kernels. This
happens in two possible boot paths:

If loaded via startup_32(), we need to set up the needed identity map.

If loaded from a 64-bit bootloader, the bootloader will have already
set up an identity mapping, and we'll start via the compressed kernel's
startup_64(). In this case, the bootloader's page tables need to be
avoided while selecting the new uncompressed kernel location. If not,
the decompressor could overwrite them during decompression.

To accomplish this, we could walk the pagetable and find every page
that is used, and add them to mem_avoid, but this needs extra code and
will require increasing the size of the mem_avoid array.

Instead, we can create a new set of page tables for our own identity
mapping instead. The pages for the new page table will come from the
_pagetable section of the compressed kernel, which means they are
already contained by in mem_avoid array. To do this, we reuse the code
from the uncompressed kernel's identity mapping routines.

The _pgtable will be shared by both the 32-bit and 64-bit paths to reduce
init_size, as now the compressed kernel's _rodata to _end will contribute
to init_size.

To handle the possible mappings, we need to increase the existing page
table buffer size:

When booting via startup_64(), we need to cover the old VO, params,
cmdline and uncompressed kernel. In an extreme case we could have them
all beyond the 512G boundary, which needs (2+2)*4 pages with 2M mappings.
And we'll need 2 for first 2M for VGA RAM. One more is needed for level4.
This gets us to 19 pages total.

When booting via startup_32(), KASLR could move the uncompressed kernel
above 4G, so we need to create extra identity mappings, which should only
need (2+2) pages at most when it is beyond the 512G boundary. So 19
pages is sufficient for this case as well.

The resulting BOOT_*PGT_SIZE defines use the "_SIZE" suffix on their
names to maintain logical consistency with the existing BOOT_HEAP_SIZE
and BOOT_STACK_SIZE defines.

This patch is based on earlier patches from Yinghai Lu and Baoquan He.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
Cc: lasse.collin@tukaani.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1462572095-11754-4-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 549f90db 06-May-2016 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

x86/boot: Simplify pointer casting in choose_random_location()

Pass them down as 'unsigned long' directly and get rid of more casting and
assignments.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: bhe@redhat.com
Cc: dyoung@redhat.com
Cc: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: luto@kernel.org
Cc: vgoyal@redhat.com
Cc: yinghai@kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160506115015.GI24044@pd.tnic
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 2bc1cd39 05-May-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/boot: Clean up pointer casting

Currently extract_kernel() defines the input and output buffer pointers
as "unsigned char *" since that's effectively what they are. It passes
these to the decompressor routine and to the ELF parser, which both
logically deal with buffer pointers too. There is some casting ("unsigned
long") done to validate the numerical value of the pointers, but it is
relatively limited.

However, choose_random_location() operates almost exclusively on the
numerical representation of these pointers, so it ended up carrying
a lot of "unsigned long" casts. With the future physical/virtual split
these casts were going to multiply, so this attempts to solve the
problem by doing all the casting in choose_random_location()'s entry
and return instead of through-out the code. Adjusts argument names to
be more meaningful, and changes one us of "choice" to "output" to make
the future physical/virtual split more clear (i.e. "choice" should be
strictly a function return value and not used as an intermediate).

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
Cc: lasse.collin@tukaani.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1462486436-3707-2-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# dc425a6e 02-May-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/boot: Extract error reporting functions

Currently to use warn(), a caller would need to include misc.h. However,
this means they would get the (unavailable during compressed boot)
gcc built-in memcpy family of functions. But since string.c is defining
these memcpy functions for use by misc.c, we end up in a weird circular
dependency.

To break this loop, move the error reporting functions outside of misc.c
with their own header so that they can be independently included by
other sources. Since the screen-writing routines use memmove(), keep the
low-level *_putstr() functions in misc.c.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Lasse Collin <lasse.collin@tukaani.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: One Thousand Gnomes <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1462229461-3370-2-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 0f8ede1b 20-Apr-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/KASLR: Warn when KASLR is disabled

If KASLR is built in but not available at run-time (either due to the
current conflict with hibernation, command-line request, or e820 parsing
failures), announce the state explicitly. To support this, a new "warn"
function is created, based on the existing "error" function.

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1461185746-8017-6-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 7de828df 18-Apr-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/KASLR: Clarify purpose of kaslr.c

The name "choose_kernel_location" isn't specific enough, and doesn't
describe the primary thing it does: choosing a random location. This
patch renames it to "choose_random_location", and clarifies the what
routines are contained in the kaslr.c source file.

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1460997735-24785-6-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 6655e0aa 18-Apr-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/boot: Rename "real_mode" to "boot_params"

The non-compressed boot code uses the (much more obvious) name
"boot_params" for the global pointer to the x86 boot parameters. The
compressed kernel loader code, though, was using the legacy name
"real_mode". There is no need to have a different name, and changing it
improves readability.

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1460997735-24785-4-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 206f25a8 18-Apr-2016 Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>

x86/KASLR: Remove unneeded boot_params argument

Since the boot_params can be found using the real_mode global variable,
there is no need to pass around a pointer to it. This slightly simplifies
the choose_kernel_location function and its callers.

[kees: rewrote changelog, tracked file rename]
Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1460997735-24785-3-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 9b238748 18-Apr-2016 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/KASLR: Rename aslr.c to kaslr.c

In order to avoid confusion over what this file provides, rename it to
kaslr.c since it is used exclusively for the kernel ASLR, not userspace
ASLR.

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1460997735-24785-2-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 79063a7c 06-Jul-2015 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86/boot: Add hex output for debugging

This is useful for reporting various addresses or other values
while debugging early boot, for example, the recent kernel image
size vs kernel run size. For example, when
CONFIG_X86_VERBOSE_BOOTUP is set, this is now visible at boot
time:

early console in setup code
early console in decompress_kernel
input_data: 0x0000000001e1526e
input_len: 0x0000000000732236
output: 0x0000000001000000
output_len: 0x0000000001535640
run_size: 0x00000000021fb000
KASLR using RDTSC...

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Cc: Junjie Mao <eternal.n08@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150706230620.GA17501@www.outflux.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 927392d7 23-Nov-2012 Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

x86/boot: Add CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS quirk to arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h

Linus reported the following new warning on x86 allmodconfig with GCC 5.1:

> ./arch/x86/include/asm/spinlock.h: In function ‘arch_spin_lock’:
> ./arch/x86/include/asm/spinlock.h:119:3: warning: implicit declaration
> of function ‘__ticket_lock_spinning’ [-Wimplicit-function-declaration]
> __ticket_lock_spinning(lock, inc.tail);
> ^

This warning triggers because of these hacks in misc.h:

/*
* we have to be careful, because no indirections are allowed here, and
* paravirt_ops is a kind of one. As it will only run in baremetal anyway,
* we just keep it from happening
*/
#undef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
#undef CONFIG_KASAN

But these hacks were not updated when CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS was added,
and eventually (with the introduction of queued paravirt spinlocks in
recent kernels) this created an invalid Kconfig combination and broke
the build.

So add a CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS #undef line as well.

Also remove the _ASM_X86_DESC_H quirk: that undocumented quirk
was originally added ages ago, in:

099e1377269a ("x86: use ELF format in compressed images.")

and I went back to that kernel (and fixed up the main Makefile
which didn't build anymore) and checked what failure it
avoided: it avoided an include file dependencies related
build failure related to our old x86-platforms code.

That old code is long gone, the header dependencies got cleaned
up, and the build does not fail anymore with the totality of
asm/desc.h included - so remove the quirk.

Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 78cac48c 31-Mar-2015 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

x86/mm/KASLR: Propagate KASLR status to kernel proper

Commit:

e2b32e678513 ("x86, kaslr: randomize module base load address")

made module base address randomization unconditional and didn't regard
disabled KKASLR due to CONFIG_HIBERNATION and command line option
"nokaslr". For more info see (now reverted) commit:

f47233c2d34f ("x86/mm/ASLR: Propagate base load address calculation")

In order to propagate KASLR status to kernel proper, we need a single bit
in boot_params.hdr.loadflags and we've chosen bit 1 thus leaving the
top-down allocated bits for bits supposed to be used by the bootloader.

Originally-From: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Suggested-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# 69797daf 16-Mar-2015 Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

Revert "x86/mm/ASLR: Propagate base load address calculation"

This reverts commit:

f47233c2d34f ("x86/mm/ASLR: Propagate base load address calculation")

The main reason for the revert is that the new boot flag does not work
at all currently, and in order to make this work, we need non-trivial
changes to the x86 boot code which we didn't manage to get done in
time for merging.

And even if we did, they would've been too risky so instead of
rushing things and break booting 4.1 on boxes left and right, we
will be very strict and conservative and will take our time with
this to fix and test it properly.

Reported-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Cc: Junjie Mao <eternal.n08@gmail.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150316100628.GD22995@pd.tnic
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>


# f47233c2 13-Feb-2015 Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>

x86/mm/ASLR: Propagate base load address calculation

Commit:

e2b32e678513 ("x86, kaslr: randomize module base load address")

makes the base address for module to be unconditionally randomized in
case when CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE is defined and "nokaslr" option isn't
present on the commandline.

This is not consistent with how choose_kernel_location() decides whether
it will randomize kernel load base.

Namely, CONFIG_HIBERNATION disables kASLR (unless "kaslr" option is
explicitly specified on kernel commandline), which makes the state space
larger than what module loader is looking at. IOW CONFIG_HIBERNATION &&
CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE is a valid config option, kASLR wouldn't be applied
by default in that case, but module loader is not aware of that.

Instead of fixing the logic in module.c, this patch takes more generic
aproach. It introduces a new bootparam setup data_type SETUP_KASLR and
uses that to pass the information whether kaslr has been applied during
kernel decompression, and sets a global 'kaslr_enabled' variable
accordingly, so that any kernel code (module loading, livepatching, ...)
can make decisions based on its value.

x86 module loader is converted to make use of this flag.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LNX.2.00.1502101411280.10719@pobox.suse.cz
[ Always dump correct kaslr status when panicking ]
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>


# 393f203f 13-Feb-2015 Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com>

x86_64: kasan: add interceptors for memset/memmove/memcpy functions

Recently instrumentation of builtin functions calls was removed from GCC
5.0. To check the memory accessed by such functions, userspace asan
always uses interceptors for them.

So now we should do this as well. This patch declares
memset/memmove/memcpy as weak symbols. In mm/kasan/kasan.c we have our
own implementation of those functions which checks memory before accessing
it.

Default memset/memmove/memcpy now now always have aliases with '__'
prefix. For files that built without kasan instrumentation (e.g.
mm/slub.c) original mem* replaced (via #define) with prefixed variants,
cause we don't want to check memory accesses there.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com>
Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


# 82fa9637 10-Oct-2013 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86, kaslr: Select random position from e820 maps

Counts available alignment positions across all e820 maps, and chooses
one randomly for the new kernel base address, making sure not to collide
with unsafe memory areas.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1381450698-28710-5-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>


# 5bfce5ef 10-Oct-2013 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86, kaslr: Provide randomness functions

Adds potential sources of randomness: RDRAND, RDTSC, or the i8254.

This moves the pre-alternatives inline rdrand function into the header so
both pieces of code can use it. Availability of RDRAND is then controlled
by CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM, if someone wants to disable it even for kASLR.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1381450698-28710-4-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>


# 8ab3820f 10-Oct-2013 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

x86, kaslr: Return location from decompress_kernel

This allows decompress_kernel to return a new location for the kernel to
be relocated to. Additionally, enforces CONFIG_PHYSICAL_START as the
minimum relocation position when building with CONFIG_RELOCATABLE.

With CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE set, the choose_kernel_location routine
will select a new location to decompress the kernel, though here it is
presently a no-op. The kernel command line option "nokaslr" is introduced
to bypass these routines.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1381450698-28710-3-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>


# 5dcd14ec 29-Jan-2013 H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>

x86, boot: Sanitize boot_params if not zeroed on creation

Use the new sentinel field to detect bootloaders which fail to follow
protocol and don't initialize fields in struct boot_params that they
do not explicitly initialize to zero.

Based on an original patch and research by Yinghai Lu.
Changed by hpa to be invoked both in the decompression path and in the
kernel proper; the latter for the case where a bootloader takes over
decompression.

Originally-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1359058816-7615-26-git-send-email-yinghai@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>


# bd448d4d 19-Jul-2012 Gokul Caushik <gcaushik@pdx.edu>

x86, boot: Exclude cmdline.c if you can't use it

CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK is the only feature that might use command line
parsing in the decompression stage. If it is disabled then we can
exclude the related code to save space. This can result in an estimated
space savings of 2240 bytes from the compressed kernel image.

Signed-off-by: Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342746282-28497-8-git-send-email-jmillenbach@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Gokul Caushik <caushik1@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>


# cec49df9 19-Jul-2012 Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>

x86, boot: Exclude early_serial_console.c if can't use it.

Removes early_serial_console.c code if we don't have the config option that
enables it (EARLY_PRINTK). When disabling this code, make early_serial_base a
constant 0 to allow the compiler to optimize away the code that checks for
early_serial_base.

Signed-off-by: Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342746282-28497-7-git-send-email-jmillenbach@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Gokul Caushik <caushik1@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>


# 7aac3015 19-Jul-2012 Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>

x86, boot: Switch output functions from command-line flags to conditional compilation

Changed putstr flagging from parameter to conditional compilation for puts,
debug_putstr, and error_putstr. This allows for space savings since most
configurations won't use this feature.

Signed-off-by: Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342746282-28497-5-git-send-email-jmillenbach@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Gokul Caushik <caushik1@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>


# cb454fe1 19-Jul-2012 Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>

x86, boot: Changed error putstr path to match new debug_putstr format

For consistency we changed the error output path to match the new debug path.

Signed-off-by: Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342746282-28497-4-git-send-email-jmillenbach@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Gokul Caushik <caushik1@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>


# 6238b47b 02-Aug-2010 H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

x86, setup: move isdigit.h to ctype.h, header files on top.

It is a subset of <ctype.h> functionality, so name it ctype.h. Also,
reorganize header files so #include statements are clustered near the
top as they should be.

Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
LKML-Reference: <4C5752F2.8030206@kernel.org>


# 8fee13a4 02-Aug-2010 Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>

x86, setup: enable early console output from the decompressor

This enables the decompressor output to be seen on the serial console.
Most of the code is shared with the regular boot code.

We could add printf to the decompressor if needed, but currently there
is no sufficiently compelling user.

-v2: define BOOT_BOOT_H to avoid include boot.h
-v3: early_serial_base need to be static in misc.c ?
-v4: create seperate string.c printf.c cmdline.c early_serial_console.c
after hpa's patch that allow global variables in compressed/misc stage
-v5: remove printf.c related

Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>