History log of /linux-master/arch/s390/Kconfig.debug
Revision Date Author Comments
# 4aae683f 30-Jul-2021 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

tracing: Refactor TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT in Kconfig

Make architectures select TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT instead of
having many defines.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210731052233.4703-2-masahiroy@kernel.org

Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>   #arch/arc
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc)
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>

# a4f17cc7 07-Feb-2021 Vineeth Vijayan <vneethv@linux.ibm.com>

s390/cio: add CRW inject functionality

This patch introduces the mechanism to inject artificial events to the
CIO layer.

One of the main-event type which triggers the CommonIO operations are
Channel Report events. When a malfunction or other condition affecting
channel-subsystem operation is recognized, a Channel Report Word
(consisting of one or more CRWs) describing the condition is made
pending for retrieval and analysis by the program. The CRW contains
information concerning the identity and state of a facility following
the detection of the malfunction or other condition.

The patch introduces two debugfs interfaces which can be used to inject
'artificial' events from the userspace. It is intended to provide an easy
means to increase the test coverage for CIO code. And this functionality
can be enabled via a new configuration option CONFIG_CIO_INJECT.

The newly introduces debugfs interfaces can be used as mentioned below
to generate different fake-events. To use the crw_inject, first we should
enable it by using enable_inject interface.

echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/s390/cio/enable_inject

After the first step, user can simulate CRW as follows:

echo <solicited> <overflow> <chaining> <rsc> <ancillary> <erc> <rsid> \
> /sys/kernel/debug/s390/cio/crw_inject

A permanent error ERC on CHPID 0x60 would look like this:

echo 0 0 0 4 0 6 0x60 > /sys/kernel/debug/s390/cio/crw_inject

and an initialized ERC on the same CHPID:

echo 0 0 0 4 0 2 0x60 > /sys/kernel/debug/s390/cio/crw_inject

Signed-off-by: Vineeth Vijayan <vneethv@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

# 56e62a73 21-Nov-2020 Sven Schnelle <svens@linux.ibm.com>

s390: convert to generic entry

This patch converts s390 to use the generic entry infrastructure from

There are a few special things on s390:

- PIF_PER_TRAP is moved to TIF_PER_TRAP as the generic code doesn't
know about our PIF flags in exit_to_user_mode_loop().

- The old code had several ways to restart syscalls:

a) PIF_SYSCALL_RESTART, which was only set during execve to force a
restart after upgrading a process (usually qemu-kvm) to pgste page
table extensions.

b) PIF_SYSCALL, which is set by do_signal() to indicate that the
current syscall should be restarted. This is changed so that
do_signal() now also uses PIF_SYSCALL_RESTART. Continuing to use
PIF_SYSCALL doesn't work with the generic code, and changing it
more unique.

- On s390 calling sys_sigreturn or sys_rt_sigreturn is implemented by
executing a svc instruction on the process stack which causes a fault.
While handling that fault the fault code sets PIF_SYSCALL to hand over
processing to the syscall code on exit to usermode.

The patch introduces PIF_SYSCALL_RET_SET, which is set if ptrace sets
a return value for a syscall. The s390x ptrace ABI uses r2 both for the
syscall number and return value, so ptrace cannot set the syscall number +
return value at the same time. The flag makes handling that a bit easier.
do_syscall() will just skip executing the syscall if PIF_SYSCALL_RET_SET
is set.

CONFIG_DEBUG_ASCE was removd in favour of the generic CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY.
CR1/7/13 will be checked both on kernel entry and exit to contain the
correct asces.

Signed-off-by: Sven Schnelle <svens@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>

# 062e5279 16-Nov-2020 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

s390/mm: add debug user asce support

Verify on exit to user space that always
- the primary ASCE (cr1) is set to kernel ASCE
- the secondary ASCE (cr7) is set to user ASCE

If this is not the case: panic since something went terribly wrong.

Reviewed-by: Sven Schnelle <svens@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

# 9d719d39 04-Sep-2020 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

s390/mm,ptdump: convert to generic page table dumper

Make use of generic ptdump infrastructure.

Reviewed-by: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>

# a7f7f624 13-Jun-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

treewide: replace '---help---' in Kconfig files with 'help'

Since commit 84af7a6194e4 ("checkpatch: kconfig: prefer 'help' over
'---help---'"), the number of '---help---' has been gradually
decreasing, but there are still more than 2400 instances.

This commit finishes the conversion. While I touched the lines,
I also fixed the indentation.

There are a variety of indentation styles found.

a) 4 spaces + '---help---'
b) 7 spaces + '---help---'
c) 8 spaces + '---help---'
d) 1 space + 1 tab + '---help---'
e) 1 tab + '---help---' (correct indentation)
f) 1 tab + 1 space + '---help---'
g) 1 tab + 2 spaces + '---help---'

In order to convert all of them to 1 tab + 'help', I ran the
following commend:

$ find . -name 'Kconfig*' | xargs sed -i 's/^[[:space:]]*---help---/\thelp/'

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# 06ec64b8 31-Jul-2018 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

Kconfig: consolidate the "Kernel hacking" menu

Move the source of lib/Kconfig.debug and arch/$(ARCH)/Kconfig.debug to
the top-level Kconfig. For two architectures that means moving their
arch-specific symbols in that menu into a new arch Kconfig.debug file,
and for a few more creating a dummy file so that we can include it

Also move the actual 'Kernel hacking' menu to lib/Kconfig.debug, where
it belongs.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# ad21fc4f 06-Feb-2017 Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>


There are multiple architectures that support CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA and
CONFIG_SET_MODULE_RONX. These options also now have the ability to be
turned off at runtime. Move these to an architecture independent
location and make these options def_bool y for almost all of those

Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

# 89175cf7 11-Jan-2017 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

s390: provide sclp based boot console

Use the early sclp code to provide a boot console. This boot console
is available if the kernel parameter "earlyprintk" has been specified,
just like it works for other architectures that also provide an early
boot console.

This makes debugging of early problems much easier, since now we
finally have working console output even before memory detection is

The boot console will be automatically disabled as soon as another
console will be registered.

Reviewed-by: Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# 21266be9 19-Nov-2015 Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

arch: consolidate CONFIG_STRICT_DEVM in lib/Kconfig.debug

Let all the archs that implement devmem_is_allowed() opt-in to a common
definition of CONFIG_STRICT_DEVM in lib/Kconfig.debug.

Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
[heiko: drop 'default y' for s390]
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Suggested-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

# 446f24d1 30-Apr-2013 Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>


The help text for this config is duplicated across the x86, parisc, and
s390 Kconfig.debug files. Arnd Bergman noted that the help text was
slightly misleading and should be fixed to state that enabling this
option isn't a problem when using pre 4.4 gcc.

To simplify the rewording, consolidate the text into lib/Kconfig.debug
and modify it there to be more explicit about when you should say N to
this config.

Also, make the text a bit more generic by stating that this option
enables compile time checks so we can cover architectures which emit
warnings vs. ones which emit errors. The details of how an
architecture decided to implement the checks isn't as important as the
concept of compile time checking of copy_from_user() calls.

While we're doing this, remove all the copy_from_user_overflow() code
that's duplicated many times and place it into lib/ so that any
architecture supporting this option can get the function for free.

Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# e76e82d7 04-Oct-2012 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

s390/mm: add page table dumper

This is more or less the same as the x86 page table dumper which was
merged four years ago: 926e5392 "x86: add code to dump the (kernel)
page tables for visual inspection by kernel developers".

We add a file at /sys/kernel/debug/kernel_page_tables for debugging
purposes so it's quite easy to see the kernel page table layout and
possible odd mappings:

---[ Identity Mapping ]---
0x0000000000000000-0x0000000000100000 1M PTE RW
---[ Kernel Image Start ]---
0x0000000000100000-0x0000000000800000 7M PMD RO
0x0000000000800000-0x00000000008a9000 676K PTE RO
0x00000000008a9000-0x0000000000900000 348K PTE RW
0x0000000000900000-0x0000000001500000 12M PMD RW
---[ Kernel Image End ]---
0x0000000001500000-0x0000000280000000 10219M PMD RW
0x0000000280000000-0x000003d280000000 3904G PUD I
---[ vmemmap Area ]---
0x000003d280000000-0x000003d288c00000 140M PTE RW
0x000003d288c00000-0x000003d300000000 1908M PMD I
0x000003d300000000-0x000003e000000000 52G PUD I
---[ vmalloc Area ]---
0x000003e000000000-0x000003e000009000 36K PTE RW
0x000003e000009000-0x000003e0000ee000 916K PTE I
0x000003e0000ee000-0x000003e000146000 352K PTE RW
0x000003e000146000-0x000003e000200000 744K PTE I
0x000003e000200000-0x000003e080000000 2046M PMD I
0x000003e080000000-0x0000040000000000 126G PUD I

This usually makes only sense for kernel developers. The output
with CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is not very helpful, because of the
huge number of mapped out pages, however I decided for the time
being to not add a !DEBUG_PAGEALLOC dependency.
Maybe it's helpful for somebody even with that option.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# 305b1523 15-Mar-2011 Jan Glauber <jan.glauber@gmail.com>

[S390] Write protect module text and RO data

Implement write protection for kernel modules text and read-only
data sections by implementing set_memory_[ro|rw] on s390.
Since s390 has no execute bit in the pte's NX is not supported.

set_memory_[ro|rw] will only work on normal pages and not on
large pages, so in case a large page should be modified bail
out with a warning.

Signed-off-by: Jan Glauber <jang@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# 6f9a3c33 04-Jan-2011 Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

[S390] cleanup s390 Kconfig

Make use of def_bool and def_tristate where possible and add sensible
defaults to the config symbols where applicable. This shortens the
defconfig file by another ~40 lines.

Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# ec6743bb 10-Nov-2010 Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

[S390] mm: add devmem_is_allowed() for STRICT_DEVMEM checking

Provide the devmem_is_allowed() routine to restrict access to
kernel memory from userspace.
Set the CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM config option to switch on checking.

Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# 1dcec254 26-Feb-2010 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

[S390] uaccess: implement strict user copy checks

Same as on x86 and sparc, besides the fact that enabling the option
will just emit compile time warnings instead of errors.
Keeps allyesconfig kernels compiling.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# ee3b4290 02-Apr-2009 Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>

generic debug pagealloc: build fix

This fixes a build failure with generic debug pagealloc:

mm/debug-pagealloc.c: In function 'set_page_poison':
mm/debug-pagealloc.c:8: error: 'struct page' has no member named 'debug_flags'
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: In function 'clear_page_poison':
mm/debug-pagealloc.c:13: error: 'struct page' has no member named 'debug_flags'
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: In function 'page_poison':
mm/debug-pagealloc.c:18: error: 'struct page' has no member named 'debug_flags'
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: At top level:
mm/debug-pagealloc.c:120: error: redefinition of 'kernel_map_pages'
include/linux/mm.h:1278: error: previous definition of 'kernel_map_pages' was here
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: In function 'kernel_map_pages':
mm/debug-pagealloc.c:122: error: 'debug_pagealloc_enabled' undeclared (first use in this function)

by fixing

- debug_flags should be in struct page
- define DEBUG_PAGEALLOC config option for all architectures

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Alexander Beregalov <a.beregalov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 6a11f75b 31-Mar-2009 Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>

generic debug pagealloc

CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is now supported by x86, powerpc, sparc64, and
s390. This patch implements it for the rest of the architectures by
filling the pages with poison byte patterns after free_pages() and
verifying the poison patterns before alloc_pages().

This generic one cannot detect invalid page accesses immediately but
invalid read access may cause invalid dereference by poisoned memory and
invalid write access can be detected after a long delay.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

# 2485579b 05-Feb-2008 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

[S390] DEBUG_PAGEALLOC support for s390.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

# 1f194a4c 03-Jul-2006 Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>

[PATCH] lockdep: irqtrace subsystem, s390 support

irqtrace support for s390.

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

# 1da177e4 16-Apr-2005 Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>


Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!