History log of /linux-master/Kconfig
Revision Date Author Comments
# 8b59cd81 23-Apr-2020 Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

kbuild: ensure full rebuild when the compiler is updated

Commit 21c54b774744 ("kconfig: show compiler version text in the top
comment") added the environment variable, CC_VERSION_TEXT in the comment
of the top Kconfig file. It can detect the compiler update, and invoke
the syncconfig because all environment variables referenced in Kconfig
files are recorded in include/config/auto.conf.cmd

This commit makes it a CONFIG option in order to ensure the full rebuild
when the compiler is updated.

This works like follows:

include/config/kconfig.h contains "CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT" in the comment

The top Makefile specifies "-include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h"
to guarantee it is included from all kernel source files.

fixdep parses every source file and all headers included from it,
searching for words prefixed with "CONFIG_". Then, fixdep finds
CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT in include/config/kconfig.h and adds
include/config/cc/version/text.h into every .*.cmd file.

When the compiler is updated, syncconfig is invoked because init/Kconfig
contains the reference to the environment variable CC_VERTION_TEXT.
CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT is updated to the new version string, and
include/config/cc/version/text.h is touched.

In the next rebuild, Make will rebuild every files since the timestamp
of include/config/cc/version/text.h is newer than that of target.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>

# cd238eff 12-Jun-2019 Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>

docs: kbuild: convert docs to ReST and rename to *.rst

The kbuild documentation clearly shows that the documents
there are written at different times: some use markdown,
some use their own peculiar logic to split sections.

Convert everything to ReST without affecting too much
the author's style and avoiding adding uneeded markups.

The conversion is actually:
- add blank lines and identation in order to identify paragraphs;
- fix tables markups;
- add some lists markups;
- mark literal blocks;
- adjust title markups.

At its new index.rst, let's add a :orphan: while this is not linked to
the main index.rst file, in order to avoid build warnings.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>

# b1663d7e 04-Jun-2019 Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>

docs: Kbuild/Makefile: allow check for missing docs at build time

While this doesn't make sense for production Kernels, in order to
avoid regressions when documents are touched, let's add a
check target at the make file.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>

# 006477f4 31-Jul-2018 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

kconfig: move the "Executable file formats" menu to fs/Kconfig.binfmt

No need to have this in the top-level Kconfig.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# 06ec64b8 31-Jul-2018 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

Kconfig: consolidate the "Kernel hacking" menu

Move the source of lib/Kconfig.debug and arch/$(ARCH)/Kconfig.debug to
the top-level Kconfig. For two architectures that means moving their
arch-specific symbols in that menu into a new arch Kconfig.debug file,
and for a few more creating a dummy file so that we can include it

Also move the actual 'Kernel hacking' menu to lib/Kconfig.debug, where
it belongs.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# 1572497c 31-Jul-2018 Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

kconfig: include common Kconfig files from top-level Kconfig

Instead of duplicating the source statements in every architecture just
do it once in the toplevel Kconfig file.

Note that with this the inclusion of arch/$(SRCARCH/Kconfig moves out of
the top-level Kconfig into arch/Kconfig so that don't violate ordering
constraits while keeping a sensible menu structure.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

# e1cfdc0e 28-May-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kconfig: add basic helper macros to scripts/Kconfig.include

Kconfig got text processing tools like we see in Make. Add Kconfig
helper macros to scripts/Kconfig.include like we collect Makefile
macros in scripts/Kbuild.include.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Ulf Magnusson <ulfalizer@gmail.com>

# 21c54b77 28-May-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kconfig: show compiler version text in the top comment

The kernel configuration phase is now tightly coupled with the compiler
in use. It will be nice to show the compiler information in Kconfig.

The compiler information will be displayed like this:

$ make ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- config
scripts/kconfig/conf --oldaskconfig Kconfig
* Linux/arm64 4.16.0-rc1 Kernel Configuration
* Compiler: aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Linaro GCC 7.2-2017.11) 7.2.1 20171011
* General setup
Compile also drivers which will not load (COMPILE_TEST) [N/y/?]

If you use GUI methods such as menuconfig, it will be displayed in the
top menu.

This is simply implemented by using the 'comment' statement. So, it
will be saved into the .config file as well.

This commit has a very important meaning. If the compiler is upgraded,
Kconfig must be re-run since different compilers have different sets
of supported options.

All referenced environments are written to include/config/auto.conf.cmd
so that any environment change triggers syncconfig, and prompt the user
to input new values if needed.

With this commit, something like follows will be added to

ifneq "$(CC_VERSION_TEXT)" "aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Linaro GCC 7.2-2017.11) 7.2.1 20171011"
include/config/auto.conf: FORCE

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

# 104daea1 28-May-2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

kconfig: reference environment variables directly and remove 'option env='

To get access to environment variables, Kconfig needs to define a
symbol using "option env=" syntax. It is tedious to add a symbol entry
for each environment variable given that we need to define much more
such as 'CC', 'AS', 'srctree' etc. to evaluate the compiler capability
in Kconfig.

Adding '$' for symbol references is grammatically inconsistent.
Looking at the code, the symbols prefixed with 'S' are expanded by:
- conf_expand_value()
This is used to expand 'arch/$ARCH/defconfig' and 'defconfig_list'
- sym_expand_string_value()
This is used to expand strings in 'source' and 'mainmenu'

All of them are fixed values independent of user configuration. So,
they can be changed into the direct expansion instead of symbols.

This change makes the code much cleaner. The bounce symbols 'SRCARCH',

sym_init() hard-coding 'UNAME_RELEASE' is also gone. 'UNAME_RELEASE'
should be replaced with an environment variable.

ARCH_DEFCONFIG is a normal symbol, so it should be simply referenced
without '$' prefix.

The new syntax is addicted by Make. The variable reference needs
parentheses, like $(FOO), but you can omit them for single-letter
variables, like $F. Yet, in Makefiles, people tend to use the
parenthetical form for consistency / clarification.

At this moment, only the environment variable is supported, but I will
extend the concept of 'variable' later on.

The variables are expanded in the lexer so we can simplify the token
handling on the parser side.

For example, the following code works.

[Example code]

default "My tools: CC=$(CC), AS=$(AS), CPP=$(CPP)"


$ make -s alldefconfig && tail -n 1 .config
CONFIG_MY_TOOLCHAIN_LIST="My tools: CC=gcc, AS=as, CPP=gcc -E"

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

# b2441318 01-Nov-2017 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license

Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.

By default all files without license information are under the default
license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.

Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.

This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
Philippe Ombredanne.

How this work was done:

Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
the use cases:
- file had no licensing information it it.
- file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
- file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,

Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.

The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the
base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.

The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
- Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
- Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
lines of source
- File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5

All documentation files were explicitly excluded.

The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
identifiers to apply.

- when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
COPYING file license applied.

For non */uapi/* files that summary was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 11139

and resulted in the first patch in this series.

If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930

and resulted in the second patch in this series.

- if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
it (per prior point). Results summary:

SPDX license identifier # files
GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270
GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17
LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15
GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14
((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5
LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4
LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3
((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1

and that resulted in the third patch in this series.

- when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
the concluded license(s).

- when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.

- In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).

- When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

- If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
in time.

In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.

Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The
Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
they are related.

Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
in about 15000 files.

In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
correct identifier.

Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
version early this week with:
- a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
license ids and scores
- reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
- reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
SPDX license was correct

This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This
worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
different types of files to be modified.

These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to
parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg
based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
generate the patches.

Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

# 838a2e55 04-Sep-2010 Arnaud Lacombe <lacombar@gmail.com>

kbuild: migrate all arch to the kconfig mainmenu upgrade

Signed-off-by: Arnaud Lacombe <lacombar@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Reviewed-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>